Fertility

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A student presentation on fertility

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Fertility

  1. 1. FERTILITY
  2. 2. Measures of Fertility <ul><li>Crude Birth Rate (CBR) = Crude birth Rate is </li></ul><ul><li>the number of live births / 1000 of the population.   </li></ul><ul><li>MEDC average: about 12 </li></ul><ul><li>LEDC average: about 31 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Age Specific Fertility Rates (ASFR) = The Age Specific Fertility Rate is the number of live births in an age group / Total female population of that age group. </li></ul><ul><li>Total Fertility Rate (TFR) = Children born / Woman </li></ul><ul><li>= Average number of children born to a women of child bearing age (15~49) </li></ul><ul><li>MEDC average: about 1.8 </li></ul><ul><li>LEDC average: about 6 </li></ul><ul><li>General Fertility Rate (GFR) = Live births / Women of age 15~49 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Global Spatial Distribution Fertility Rate
  4. 4. Factors affecting Fertility Fertility Socio-Cultural Factors Economic Factors Political Factors
  5. 5. Status of Women Level of Education Employment Opportunities Type of Residence Religion of Parents Available Health Care Machismo Cost of Children Gender Preference Infant Mortality Rate Socio-Cultural Factors Government Pressure Economic Factors Political Factors Factors affecting Fertility
  6. 6. Status of Women Level of Education Employment Opportunities
  7. 7. Type of Residence Religion of Parents Available Health Care
  8. 8. Cost of Children Gender Preference Infant Mortality Rate Government Pressure
  9. 9. Fertility: Egypt vs. USA Egypt USA Population Population Density Birth Rate Total Fertility Rate Life Expectancy 81,713,520 82.09/sq km 22.12 births/1,000 population 71.85 years 2.72 children born/woman 303,824,640 33.16/sq km 14.18 births/1,000 population 78.14 years 2.1 children born/woman

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