The Dependency Theory

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The Dependency Theory

  1. 1. Some Background• Developed by a U.N. director, Raul Prebisch o In response to concern over disparities in development worldwide• Peripheral countries o nations that are "weaker", or less developed o eg. Haiti• Core countries o nations that have major influence, and are the most developed o eg. France, United States
  2. 2. What is the Theory?• Dependency is... "...an historical condition which shapes a certain structure of the world economy such that it favors some countries to the detriment of others and limits the development possibilities of the subordinate economics." ("The Structure of Dependency" p.226)• Peripheral nations are dependent on core countries o Dependent nations development will remain stagnant while core nations will continue to develop
  3. 3. Factors Behind theDependency Theory...
  4. 4. Case Study: Haiti • A "peripheral" nation • Belonged to France from 1660 to 1804 • During French rule, produced 60% of Europes coffee and 40% of its sugar • Much of population was, and still is, impoverished • 2010 earthquake o Destruction of much of its existing infrastructure o United States response to earthquake was praised o Haiti remains in dependent, peripheral statushttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Haiti_(orthographic_projection).svg/250px-Haiti_(orthographic_projection).svg.png
  5. 5. Strengths Weaknesses • Simplicity • Promotion of core • Worldwide theory • dominance • Has multiple Limited definition of development applications • Cynical • Too simple!http://www.philgalfond.com/wp-content/uploads/ethics-scale.jpg
  6. 6. Bibliograph y• (Theotonio Dos Santos, "The Structure of Dependence," in K.T. Fann and Donald C. Hodges, eds., Readings in U.S. Imperialism. Boston: Porter Sargent, 1971, p. 226)• https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/depend.htm• http://pics3441.upmf- grenoble.fr/articles/inde/Dependency%20Theory% 20A%20Critique.pdf• http://hdr.undp.org/en/data/trends/

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