Chernobyl disaster & gulf of mexicoPresentation Transcript
Comparing and Contrasting Vulnerabilities: Gulf of Mexico & Chernobyl DisasterBy: Sarah Jachim, Jose Olivera, Alex McCorkle, Sheena Jaggi, Linh Nguyen
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationChernobyl Nuclear Disaster:
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationGulf of Mexico Oil Spill:
Characterization of the hazard events usingeach of the criteria of characterizationChernobyl vs Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill:
Socioeconomic variations in vulnerabilityfor Chernobyl (Linh) Education Health Wealth Socioeconomic Variations Gender Housing
Socioeconomic variations in vulnerabilityfor Gulf of Mexico disaster (Linh) Education Wealth Health Socioeconomic Variations Housing Gender
Demographic variations in vulnerability forChernobyl- High Population of older people.- Working age people left the region and therefore more elder people.- Less working people - hard to recover economically.- Increase in thyroid cancer among children due to iodine 131 inhaled or eaten.-After 10 years, 500 cases were reported. Before 1986 - only 2 occurred per year.
Demographic Variations in vulnerability forGulf of Mexico Oil Spill- Oil Dispersant used to clean water - causing illness and death.-Chemicals from dispersant - toxic substances making people sick.- It caused poisoning from poly-aromatic hydrocarbons. (PAHs).-Suffer through eye and nose irritation, blood in urine, vomiting etc. -Again, older people will be more vulnerable to these diseases since they are older and have a weaker immune system.- People died from swimming in the water.
Ethnic variations in vulnerability forChernobyl (Alex)Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Finland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Estonia, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, Ireland, France and Corsica, the UK and Canada.Affected 27 countries, mostly in Western Europe.
Ethnic variations in vulnerability for Gulf ofMexico disaster (Alex)Affected the U.S., Florida and Louisiana, Cuba and Mexico.People located near the coast of the affected areas were the most affected due to their land being covered in oil.
Overall evaluation of the level ofvulnerability for both case studies (Jose)• The vulnerability for both the USA and the USSR were high.• However, the USA has a lower vulnerability since there were proven and tested methods of containing oil spills.• The oil spill was also more environmental rather than causing direct death.• The USSR on the other hand, had experienced something never before witnessed.• The nuclear meltdown has affected a greater area and had the potential to wipe out half of Europe.
...ContinuationIn the USA, they were adapting to the change. Rather than moving out, they stayed and employed the use of technology to clean up the oil spill.The USSR was largely fatalistic. Most of the people chose to stay there citing the reason that they could not see the problem.
PracticesUSA:• Used methods such as chemical dispersants (Corexit - highly toxic)• Microbes (both natural and manmade) ate the oil and contributed to the boom of plankton.• Use of booms to prevent extensive damage to beaches and siphoned off oil through tankers.USSR:• The top down government didnt inform the population of Chernobyl• Sacrificed human life in order to clean up the reactor• Evacuated the town of Chernobyl
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