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  • 1. ARFF Symposium ALPA, Herndon 13th-14th Nov. 2007Presented byChristian SchmidFire Protection Systems Differences Between Passenger and Cargo Aircraft Configurations Fire Protection Design AspectsARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2
  • 2. Outline • Fire Protection Means of fire protection Freighter certification requirements Cargo compartment classification (Class C / E) – Detection, extinguishing, smoke penetration • Cargo Aircraft Exterior doors and windows Zones; occupied area and cargo compartments© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. • Airbus Freighters A300 and A310 – Loading configuration cross sections – Main Deck access – Overall dimensions ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 2
  • 3. Introduction – Fire Protection Why fire protection? Maximize safety to aircraft, occupants, and goods in flight,… and on ground© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. and how… ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 3
  • 4. Fire Protection Detection E xtingishing Materials© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Procedures ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 4
  • 5. Fire Protection – Freighter Certification • Currently flying Airbus freighters are certified under FAR Part 25 as Supplementary Type Certification (STC) • Smoke/Fire detection in Lavatory according 25.854 Cargo compartments, main and lower deck according 25.858 – Dual loop detection mode, zonal capability on main deck • Fire Extinguishing System© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Lower deck cargo built in system as per 25.851 / 25.857 • Cargo compartment classification as per 25.857 Lower deck Class C Main deck Class E ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 5
  • 6. Cargo Compartment Classification • Class C Fire/smoke detectors throughout compartment Cargo compartment lining / ceiling – Flame Penetration Resistance (5 minutes @ 927°C; heat flux 90kw/m2) Means to isolate cargo compartment from occupied areas – Smoke Penetration test (min 15 minutes; 18 inch guideline) Built in fire extinguishing system – Sufficient concentration for safe landing + 15min • Class E Fire/smoke detectors throughout compartment© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Cargo compartment design – Materials self-extinguishing • burn length max 15cm; material flame time after flame removal 15s – Essential systems protection to ensure safe flight and landing Means to isolate cargo compartment from occupied areas – Smoke Penetration test (min 15 minutes; 18 inch guideline) Fire suppression by “FL200” procedure – fire suppression via oxygen depletion ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 6
  • 7. Cargo Compartment Classification© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. MD Class C Compartment A310 Combi MD Class E Compartment A310 Freighter ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 7
  • 8. Cargo Aircraft Exterior • Externally, same overall dimensions as pax counterpart • Windows along main deck Removed and plugged – Except for visual inspection • forward section for engines • center section for wings • Doors / hatches© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. Baseline doors 1L and 1R retained Lower deck cargo doors retained Remaining doors bolted shut – No accessibility Main deck cargo door on LH side ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 8
  • 9. Occupied Zones • Courier area in door 1 area Typically seating 2-6 couriers/crew with quick donning O2 masks Segregation from cargo by crash net/smoke curtain or rigid wall© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 9
  • 10. Cargo Zones • Lower deck cargo compartments (unchanged from pax) • Cargo area on main deck© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 10
  • 11. Cross sections / Loading Configurations© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 11
  • 12. Main Deck Cargo Access Through the main cargo door… could look like this or more likely …© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 12
  • 13. Main Deck Cargo Access Through the smoke curtain from courier area zipper on LH and RH side once inside…© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 13
  • 14. Airbus A300 Freighter • Production or passenger to freighter conversion© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 14
  • 15. Airbus A310 Freighter • Passenger to freighter conversion© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 15
  • 16. Key Message • Fire Safety has top priority • Fire Protection’s main elements Detection Extinguishing Materials Procedures© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. • Certification requirements • Main deck accessibility ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 16
  • 17. © AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. This document and all information contained herein is the sole property of AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. No intellectual property rights are granted by the delivery of this document or the disclosure of its content. This document shall not be reproduced or disclosed to a third party without the express written consent of AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. This document and its content shall not be used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied. The statements made herein do not constitute an offer. They are based on the mentioned assumptions and are expressed in good faith. Where the supporting grounds for these statements are not shown, AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH will be pleased to explain the basis thereof. AIRBUS, its logo, A300, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330, A340, A350, A380, A400M are registered trademarks.© AIRBUS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH. All rights reserved. Confidential and proprietary document. ARFF Symposium ALPA - Fire Protection Design Aspects - BCECS2 - Ref. WB26PR0712180 - Issue 2 November 2007 Page 17