Punk Music – What music did they listen to?• Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. The trend began in garage rock and punk rock bands were a huge part of mainstream 1970s rock. Punk bands created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs and often political, anti-establishment lyrics.• British 70s Punk bands:• The Sex Pistols, The Clash, X-Ray Spex, The Damned, The Stranglers, The Vibrators, Wire, Eater, The Adverts, The Buzzcocks, Generation X, 999, Sham 69, Slaughter and the Dogs, Siouxie and the Banshees, The Ruts, Stiff Little Fingers, The Undertones,The Fall, The UK Subs, The Saints
Punk Fashion - How were they identified?• Punk rock has been an enormous and central part of popular music. Many of punk’s have considered themselves social outcasts, excluded from mainstream society, because of their extreme fashion sense and attitudes.• In the U.K., the fashion of punk clothing in the 70s was largely influenced by designers such as Vivienne Westwood and the Bromley Contingent. These clothes went on to be sold in stores such as SEX, owned by Malcolm McLaren, which largely consisted of extremely offensive T-shirts with images such as swastikas, the Nazi symbol, as well as inverted crucifixes. Also, similar to the United States, leather jackets, blazers, and dress shirts became popular.• Punk clothes often purposely had rips in them with safety pins as an iconic part of their fashion, this created their identity as ‘different’ and extreme. Punk hair was, and still is very unique. It includes Mohawks, big backcombed hair, dyed (colours such as red, black, purple) Shaved parts of their hair.• The chains, pins and studs on their clothing also represented their characters and rebellious like attitude.
What Brands were identified with them?Punk first emerged in the mid 1970s in Londonas an anarchic and aggressive movement.About 200 young people defined themselves asan anti-fashion urban youth street culture.Closely aligned was a music movement that tookthe name “Punk”.
Vivienne Westwood and Malcom MclarenPunk as a style succeeded even more whenVivienne Westwood and Malcolm McLaren,publicized the ideas through their joint designventures. McLaren launched the Sex Pistols Punkmusic group. The punk group wore clothes from ashop called Sex that Vivienne Westwood and herpartner Malcolm McLaren opened on the KingsRoad, London. They sold leather and rubber fetishgoods, especially bondage trousers. Later the shopwas renamed Seditionaries.
What they worePunk’s fashion included trousers in which weredeliberately torn to reveal laddered tights and dirtylegs. They were worn with heavy Doc Martensfootwear, a utilitarian, practical traffic meter maidtype of footwear in that era, not seen on manyyoung women until then. Safety pins and chainsheld bits of fabric together. Neck chains were madefrom padlocks and chain and even razor bladeswere used as pendants. The latter emerged as amainstream fashion status symbols a few years laterwhen worked in gold.
Punks statement hairA focal point of the punk look was the hair which was spiked as high aspossible into a Mohican hairstyle by a variety of means including sugar andwater solutions, soaping, gelatine, pva glue, hair sprays and hair gel.It was big hair before 80s big hair became everyday. Often it was colouredpink or green with food dyes. It was intended to startle the onlooker andattract attention. Over bleaching was common and also became deliberate ashome methods were initially employed to achieve hitherto unknown effects.An alternative look was to shave areas of the scalp. Both sexes did this. Theyintended to make themselves look intimidating. Hair was sometimes dyed jetblack or bleached white blonde. Eyes were emphasised with black andsometimes cat like eye make up and vampire like lips drew more attention tothe face.
Zandra RhodesAround 1977, Zandra Rhodes the British dress designer, took elementsof the punk style and used it in her collections making refined andmore elegant versions in bright colours which were more acceptable tothe rich and famous. She used gold safety pins and gold chains toconnect and decorate uneven hems and slashed holes. The carefullyplaced holes were edged with gold thread and the hems adorned withexquisite embroidery. She had always coloured her hair with exoticcolours and worn it as a form of plumage.Watered down punk chic worked its way to the top end of the market.Versace too, also decorated dresses with large safety pins, mostnotably a black dress that Liz Hurley wore to accompany Hugh Grant atthe premiere of the film Four Weddings And A Funeral in about 1992
SelfridgesIn 2006, Selfridges decided to Represent acontemporary take on the spirit of Punk.Selfridges collaborated with la crème de coutureincluding Givenchy, Fendi and Chloe, to producea range of exclusive accessories, inspired by thetrend that catapulted black-clad punks into aniconic status.
What are the ideologies of• Punks? Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture. In its original incarnation, the punk subculture was primarily concerned with concepts such as rebellion, anti-authoritarianism, individualism, free thought and discontent. Punk ideologies are usually expressed through punk rock music, punk literature, spoken word recordings, punk fashion, or punk visual art. Some punks have participated in direct action, such as protests, boycotts, squatting, vandalism, or property destruction.• Punk ideologies have often included a critical view of the world; seeing modern day societies as placing extensive limits on humanity. Punk culture originated as a movement of shock and rebellion• Punk ethics• In the late 1970s, the punk movement was operating in an environment controlled by outside influences. Because this invaded on the freedom of the movement, people in the punk scene began creating their own record labels, organizing their own concerts, and creating their own print media. This became known as the do it yourself (DIY) ethic. "Dont hate the media, become the media" is a motto of this movement.• Punks sometimes participate d and still do participate in direct action such as protests, boycotts, and in some cases, violence. Some of the most extreme punks have bombed gas/petrol stations, destroyed animal research laboratories, altered billboards to include political messages, and occupied abandoned buildings. These acts are committed in an effort to create social change when it is felt that the normal channels for change have been proven ineffective.
Punks BeliefsAlthough punks are frequently categorised as having left-wing orprogressive views, punk politics cover the entire political spectrum.Punk-related ideologies are mostly concerned with individual freedomand anti-establishment views. Common punk viewpoints include anti-authoritarianism, a DIY ethic, non-conformity, direct action and notselling out. Other notable trends in punk politics include nihilism,anarchism, socialism, anti-militarism, anti-capitalism, anti-racism, anti-sexism, anti-nationalism, anti-homophobia, environmentalism,vegetarianism, veganism and animal rights. However, some individualswithin the punk subculture hold right-wing views (such as thoseassociated with the Conservative Punk website), neo-Nazi views (Nazipunk), or are apolitical (e.g.horror punk).
Punks ViewsEarly British punks expressed nihilistic views withthe slogan “No Future”, which came from the SexPistols song "God Save the Queen". In the UnitedStates, punks had a different approach to nihilismbased on their "unconcern for the present" andtheir "disaffection from both middle and workingclass standards". Punk nihilism was expressed in theuse of "harder, more self-destructive,consciousness-obliterating substances like heroin,or Methamphetamine.