Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012
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Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012

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Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012 Linking Roman Coins: CAA2012 Presentation Transcript

  • Linking Roman Coins:Current Work at the American Numismatic Society Ethan Gruber, Gilles Bransbourg, Sebastian Heath, Andrew Meadows Ethan Gruber Web Services Developer Presentation by American Numismatic Society ewg4xuva@gmail.com Twitter: @ewg118
  • Follow Alonghttp://nomisma.org/http://admin.numismatics.org/ocreThis powerpoint presentation available at:http://www.slideshare.net/ewg118/linking-roman-coins-caa2012
  • Introducing Roman Imperial Coinage
  • ric.1(2).aug.42avolume edition authority number
  • gold Numismatic Concepts as Linked Open Data (http://nomisma.org/id/au) material denominationsilver (http://nomisma.org/id/ar)other labels: silber, argent, etc. nomisma.org (stable URIs) (XHTML+RDFa) etc... mint Rome (http://nomisma.org/id/rome) authority related: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Rome related: Pleiades Gazetteer http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/423025
  • Coin-Types as Numismatic ConceptsA coin-type is a general series to which a coin belongs, as defined by typological attributes.It consists of the following:Dates of issueDenominationLegendManufacture type (“struck” for Roman coins)MaterialMint and/or RegionPersons (authority, magistrate, artist, portraiture, etc.)Type (iconography)
  • Numismatic Description Standard (NUDS)LOD-inspired XML schema based on fields described at http://nomisma.org/nuds/numismatic_database_standardEvolution of Encoded Archival Description for Numismatic Collections presented at CAA in 2009: numismatic ontologyinfluenced by TEI, EAD, VRA Core, etc. with W3C xlink attributes for semantic linkingSee http://wiki.numismatics.org/nuds:nuds Example: RIC Vol. 1 (Edition 2): Augustus 42a http://admin.numismatics.org/ocre/display/ric.1(2).aug.42a object type: Coin (http://nomisma.org/id/coin) denomination: Denarius (http://nomisma.org/id/denarius) material: Silver (http://nomisma.org/id/ar) date: 20-19 B.C. (ISO8601 date -0020 to -0019) authority: Augustus (http://nomisma.org/id/augustus) mint: Caesaraugusta (http://nomisma.org/id/caesaraugusta) region: Spain (http://nomisma.org/id/spain) associated physical objects (http://numismatics.org/collection/1937.158.423) also includes obverse types and legends, unlinked
  • Introducing NumishareOpen source web application for creating, managing, and publishing numismatic collections. See more at: http://code.google.com/p/numishare/ Application Stack (all open source components) Cocoon Solr eXist Orbeon XForms
  • Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) Metadata extracted either from NUDS or XTHML+RDFa using standard nomisma-defined properties
  • Mapping findspots for a coin-type is possible, although not shown in this example
  • Search and Browse: Solr power Note: Atom feed KML results CSV visualization query map faceted browse
  • Query by URI
  • map generated from Solr searchresults processed with XSLT to create KML, then rendered in OpenLayers
  • RIC Search Goes to 11Numishare supports fuzzy and wildcard searches through Solr.P?C? *TAE yields results with PACI AVGVSTAE legendsUseful for more rapid and accurate identifications in the field
  • Managing OCRE in the back-end: Orbeon XFormsDefinition: An XForms-based web form gathers and processes XML data using an architecture that separates presentation,purpose and content.
  • Example of editing a record for a physical coin
  • Also supported: VIAF and GeonamesMost useful for non-Greek and Roman coins for which nomisma ids have not yet been created If application language is English – Library of Congress names are replied and Anglo-American Cataloging Rules are applied to places
  • Numishare Administration Other Admin Features: Create “pages” Import from CSV Basic theme and layouts Control configurations through web form Other Coin Form Features: Upload images through form Attach images through flickr APIs
  • Use CasesResearch tool for students, scholars, and collectorsAuthoritative metadata source for other projects and collections (e.g., Portable Antiquities Scheme, OpenContext)More efficient coin identification at archaeological excavationsUseful for “big data” mining and visualization JISC Common Repository Interfaces Group (CRIG): “The coolest thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else”
  • More informationOCRE demo: http://admin.numismatics.org/ocreNomisma: http://nomisma.org/Numismatic Database Standard:nomisma.org/nuds/numismatic_database_standardhttp://nomisma.org/nuds/numismatic_database_standardNUDS-XML: http://wiki.numismatics.org/nuds:nudsNumishare code: http://code.google.com/p/numishare/Numishare blog: http://numishare.blogspot.com/XForms: http://www.w3.org/TR/xforms11/Orbeon XForms processor: http://www.orbeon.com/Apache Solr: http://lucene.apache.org/solr/