American Indians The Legend of the Bluebonnet By Tomie DePaola ISBN: 0-698-11359-4Teacher: Virginia Downey Grade: 2Unit Topic: American IndiansHistory Essential Questions:What are some contributions of American Indians?In what ways were the American Indians of Virginia alike and different from the Lakota?Where is the region of the Lakota Indians located on a United States map and what is the climateand plant life like?How are the climates, land, and plant life of these regions similar and different?Standards of Learning:History SOL: The student will:2.2 Compare the lives and contributions of American Indians, with emphasis on the Powhatan ofthe Eastern Woodlands, Lakota of the Plains, and Pueblo people of the Southwest.English SOL: The student will:2.8 Read and demonstrate comprehension of fiction by asking and answering questions aboutwhat is read.2.10 Write stories and generate ideas before writing.Lesson Objectives:Content: The student will: 1. Complete a graphic organizer detailing the climate, plant life, and land of the Lakota Indian region. 2. The student will complete a Venn Diagram to compare the Lakota Indians with the Virginia (Powhatan) Indians.Process: The student will: 1. The student will write an original legend/story using their knowledge of the Lakota Indians. 2. Read and demonstrate comprehension through teacher directed read aloud and thinking activities. 3. Develop vocabulary.Materials:Trade Book: DePaola, Tomie. The Legend of the Bluebonnet, New York: The Putnam & GrossetGroup, 1996. ISBN: 0-698-11359-4Handout #1 – Vocabulary WorksheetHandout #2 –Graphic OrganizerPoster Size Venn Diagram (teacher made on chart paper)Handout #3 – Venn DiagramHandout #4 – Indian Legend Planning WorksheetHandout #5 – Story Paper
Chart paperEvaluation/Assessment: The student will: 1. Be observed participating during the read aloud of The Legend of the Bluebonnet. 2. Be evaluated on the correct use of the vocabulary words on the vocabulary worksheet. 3. Be evaluated on his/her responses on the graphic organizer. 4. Be assessed on their knowledge of the Lakota Indians when writing their original Indian legend.Lesson Procedure:Day 1Background Knowledge and Purpose Setting: The teacher will: 1. Have read a variety of non-fiction trade books about the Lakota Indians prior to the lesson. 2. Show students a map of the United States and show them where the Lakota Indians would have lived. 3. Ask students to name states they know that are now in the region where the Lakota Indians once lived. 4. Explain what a legend is and that American Indians were known for their story-telling. 5. Explain to students that The Legend of the Bluebonnet is a legend created to tell how the Bluebonnet flower came to grow in the plains region.Before Reading: The teacher will: 1. Define a legend as a story that has been handed down through history. Explain American Indians were well known for the legends they created, especially about nature. 2. Show the front cover and introduce the story The Legend of the Bluebonnet. Allow students to share predictions. 3. Go over the vocabulary words. 4. Have the students complete the Vocabulary Worksheet (Handout #1).During Reading: The teacher will: 1. Read aloud The Legend of the Bluebonnet, allowing time for students to observe the illustrations. 2. Ask students to discuss the information about the Lakota they can glean from the story. 3. Record student observations on chart paper.After Reading: The teacher will: 1. Discuss how the story got its title. Ask students to infer, explain why this might have been a good title. 2. Discuss and record the climate, land, and plant life students observed in the story. 3. Go over the Graphic Organizer (Handout #2), reviewing the story. 4. Have the student complete the Handout #2.Day 2 1. Review material from Powhatan Indian Unit (this should already have been taught). 2. Ask students to compare what they know from learning about the Powhatan Indians, with what they have learned about the Lakota Indians. 3. Record the students’ responses on class Venn Diagram. Review.
4. Have the students explain the similarities and differences between the Powhatan Indians and the Lakota Indians through completing the individual Venn Diagram (Handout #3).Closure: The student will: 1. Receive the list of legend topics from the teacher. 2. Select a topic and create their original Native American legend. (Handout #4.) 3. Complete the final story on the Story Paper. (Handout #5.)Extension/ Differentiation: The student could: 1. Listen to the story aloud The Legend of the Indian Paintbrush. 2. Complete a compare and contrast chart for the two stories.
Handout # 1 Vocabulary WorksheetName: ___________________________Directions: Match each word in the word box to the definitions below.Write the word beside the definition. sacrifice drought possession plentiful famine cease warrior distant1. Someone who goes to war, a fighter: _________________2. To stop: _____________________3. Lots of something, plenty: __________________4. When there is not enough water, very dry: _____________5. Far away: ________________6. Not enough food to eat, very hungry: _________________7. Things you own, your belongings: ____________________8. To surrender or give up for the sake of something else: _________
Handout #2Graphic OrganizerName: ____________________________Directions: Use what you have learned about the Lakota Indians to complete the graphic organizer. Lakota Indians Plant Life Climate Land
Handout #3 Venn DiagramName: ___________________________________Directions: Compare the lives of the Lakota Indians and the Powhatan Indians.
Handout #4 The Legend of the BluebonnetName: __________________________Directions: Choose one of the topics below to write your original Indian Legend. o Why The Moon Shines o Why the Skunk Has A Stripe o How the Rainbow Got Its ColorsIn the space below, plan the story you are going to write. Remember to write completesentences and use correct capitalization and punctuation. Beginning Middle End
Handout #5 Story PaperName: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________