Good and Well Use good to modify a noun or pronoun. Hervoice sounds very good to me. (Good modifies the noun voice.) Well can be used an adjective meaning “in good health” or “healthy” Use well to modify a verb. She sang the national anthem very well. (Well modifies the verb sang.)
What is a Modifier? A modifier is a word, a phrase, or a clause that describes another word or limits the meaning of a word. The two main kinds of modifiers are adjectives (words that modify nouns and pronouns. As wise in a wise grandmother) and adverbs (modifiers of verbs. As very in very nice) -they are used to compare things. (the information in parentheses is from dictionary.com)
Degrees of Comparison There are three degrees of comparison Positive Is used when only one thing is being described Ex. This suitcase is heavy. Comparative Is used when two things are being compared Ex. My suitcase is heavier than yours. Superlative Is used when three or more things are being compared Ex. Sylvia’s suitcase is the heaviest of them all.
Degrees of Comparison Most one-syllable modifiers from their comparative and superlative degrees by adding –er and –estPOSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVENear Nearer NearestBright Brighter BrightestBrave Braver BravestDry Drier Driest
Degrees of Comparison Some two-syllable modifiers make their comparative and superlative degrees by adding –er or –est, they also use more and most Use more and most (or less and least for the opposite) to form the degrees of comparison in the following situations.
Use more and most (or less and least for the opposite) to form the degrees of comparison in the following situations. adverbs that end in -ly. I see Sesto’s point more clearly than Gabrielle’s. modifiers of three or more syllables I think the green house is the most attractive house on the block. whenever adding -er and -est sounds awkward. John was more afraid than Carol. 7 7
Regular ComparisonTwo SyllablesPOSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVESimple Simpler SimplestHealthy Healthier HealthiestClearly More clearly Most ClearlyOften More often Most often
Degrees of Comparison Modifiers that have three or more syllables form their comparative and superlative degrees by using more and most.POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEImportant More important Most importantCreative More creative Most creativeHappily More happily Most happilyAccurately More accurately Most accurately
Regular Comparison Decreasing Less (comparative) and least (superlative) are always used for decreasing comparisons POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE Safe Less safe Least safe Expensive Less expensive Least expensive Often Less often Least often Gracefully Less gracefully Least gracefully
Irregular ComparisonPOSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVEFar Farther FarthestGood Better BestWell Better BestMany More MostMuch More Most
Comparative and Superlative Forms Use the comparative degree when comparing two things. The second problem is harder than the first. Luisa can perform the gymnastic routine more gracefully than I. Use the superlative degree when comparing more than two things. Mount Everest is the world’s highest mountain peak. Of the three dogs, that one barks the least.
Comparative and Superlative Forms(Double Comparisons) The use of both –er and more (less) or both –est and most (least) to form a degree of comparison. Form the comparison in only one of these two ways, not both. INCORRECT: The Asian elephant is more smaller than the African elephant. CORRECT: The Asian elephant is smaller than the African elephant. INCORRECT: Ribbon Falls, in Yosemite National Park, is the most beautifulest waterfall I have ever seen. CORRECT: Ribbon Falls, in Yosemite National Park, is the most beautiful waterfall I have ever seen.
Homework: Write the comparative and superlativeform of the modifier. Then write 1 sentence usingeither one of those forms. For example: POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE happy happier happiest She seems happier this week then she did last week. tiny tinier tiniest Out of the entire family she was the tiniest. 14 14