The pit and_the_pendulum

2,207 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,207
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The pit and_the_pendulum

  1. 1. ““The Pit and the Pendulum”The Pit and the Pendulum” Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
  2. 2. Contextual Setting ofContextual Setting of “The Pit and the Pendulum”“The Pit and the Pendulum” The Spanish InquisitionThe Spanish Inquisition 1478 - 18341478 - 1834
  3. 3. The Spanish InquisitionThe Spanish Inquisition  Spain had just suffered a civil war.Spain had just suffered a civil war.  Queen Isabella came to rule with herQueen Isabella came to rule with her husband King Ferdinand.husband King Ferdinand.  Spain was comprised of 3 major religiousSpain was comprised of 3 major religious groups: Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim.groups: Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim.  King Ferdinand and Queen IsabellaKing Ferdinand and Queen Isabella decided to unite the country under onedecided to unite the country under one religion – Catholicism.religion – Catholicism.
  4. 4. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain
  5. 5. The Spanish InquisitionThe Spanish Inquisition  Spanish Jews and later Muslims were forced toSpanish Jews and later Muslims were forced to accept Christianity.accept Christianity.  Most historians agree that the motivation for theMost historians agree that the motivation for the Inquisition was greed.Inquisition was greed.  The Spanish Inquisition was halted briefly in theThe Spanish Inquisition was halted briefly in the early 1800’s when Napoleon’s army invaded &early 1800’s when Napoleon’s army invaded & defeated Spain.defeated Spain.  Napoleon named his brother as Spain’s newNapoleon named his brother as Spain’s new ruler.ruler.  It lasted until 1834.It lasted until 1834.
  6. 6. The Spanish InquisitionThe Spanish Inquisition  Jews and Muslims were accused ofJews and Muslims were accused of converting to Christianity only to save theirconverting to Christianity only to save their property.property.  Anyone could accuse anyone else ofAnyone could accuse anyone else of heresy.heresy.  Once they were found guilty, their propertyOnce they were found guilty, their property was confiscated.was confiscated.  They were imprisoned, tortured, andThey were imprisoned, tortured, and executed.executed.
  7. 7. The Spanish InquisitionThe Spanish Inquisition  Tomas de Torquemada, a Dominican priest,Tomas de Torquemada, a Dominican priest, presided over thousands of trials and about twopresided over thousands of trials and about two thousand burnings at the stake.thousand burnings at the stake.  Auto –da-fe literally means “act of faith” inAuto –da-fe literally means “act of faith” in Portugese.Portugese.  Torquemada would perform this religiousTorquemada would perform this religious ceremony, which consisted of a Mass and deathceremony, which consisted of a Mass and death sentence, before the executions.sentence, before the executions.  15,000 to 20,000 were tried during this time.15,000 to 20,000 were tried during this time.
  8. 8. ““The Pit and the Pendulum”The Pit and the Pendulum”  The setting of the story is a SpanishThe setting of the story is a Spanish prison in the 1820’s.prison in the 1820’s.  At the end of the story, General LasalleAt the end of the story, General Lasalle and the French army enter Toledo, a cityand the French army enter Toledo, a city in Spain.in Spain.
  9. 9. Works CitedWorks Cited  ““The Inquisition: Power, Greed, and Suffering.”The Inquisition: Power, Greed, and Suffering.” Elements of LiteratureElements of Literature. Orlando: Holt, Rhinehart,. Orlando: Holt, Rhinehart, and Winston, 2008.and Winston, 2008.  NALLE, SARA TILGHMAN. "NALLE, SARA TILGHMAN. "Inquisition, SpanishInquisition, Spanish ."." Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of theEurope, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern WorldEarly Modern World. The Gale Group Inc. 2004.. The Gale Group Inc. 2004. Encyclopedia.com.Encyclopedia.com. 31 Mar. 2009 <31 Mar. 2009 < http://www.encyclopedia.comhttp://www.encyclopedia.com>.>.
  10. 10. “The Pit and the Pendulum” Literary Elements
  11. 11. Point of View • 1st Person Narrative • Nameless Prisoner
  12. 12. Conflict • Protagonist • Nameless Prisoner • Antagonists • His Insanity (Inner Conflict) • His Tormentors (External Conflict)
  13. 13. Themes • Untimely Death • Isolation • Torture • Survival (Will to Live Vs. Desire to Die) • Fear • Loss of Time • Persecution
  14. 14. Genres • Fiction • Horror • Gothic – Supernatural horrors and atmosphere of unknown terror; extreme emotions (anger, fear, surprise, etc.) • Poe is given credit for being the father of the detective story.
  15. 15. Style • Use of Latin & French • Minimal use of characterization, plot, and atmosphere • Interest in what happens to people rather than the individual • Continually uses a male protagonist • Famous for use of suspense
  16. 16. Symbols • Pit - Hell • Pendulum - Slow, approaching death; time ticking down • Father Time – Zeus’ father, Cronus, controller of time • Darkness – the unknown, ignorance • Rats – a potential problem turned positive • Unseen Tormentors – Personal “demons”

×