Huck finnppt
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  • H.G. PEABODY"A Cape Ann Fisherman"ca. 1890&apos;s, albumen print <br />


  • 1. The Historical and Cultural Context of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  • 2. Historical Context of Huckleberry Finn Set in pre­Civil War years  40­50 years before 1885 publication  Slavery ended, but racism still  rampant (Jim Crow Laws)
  • 3. Mark Twain underwent moral  transformation…  He believed slavery was wrong  and white Americans owed  black Americans reparations
  • 4. 19 CENTURY th The Civil War Industrial Revolution Extreme contrasts between rich and poor
  • 5. Literary and Artistic Movements: REALISM and REGIONALISM 1. Attack upon Romantics and  Transcendentalists  pragmatic, democratic, and  experimental Responsibly moral – goal was to  report the world with HONESTY
  • 6. 2. Drew subject matter from  “our experience” Focused on the common,  the average, the probable
  • 7. 3. Character and Setting more  important than Plot  (Local Color Movement) Focused on the norm of  daily experience Dialect, geography,  regional manners
  • 8. HUCKLEBERRY FINN is a… COMING­OF­AGE NOVEL: moral growth o a comic character in an physically beautiful  yet morally repugnant setting
  • 9. and a… PICARESQUE NOVEL:  follows the  adventures of a roguish hero •  episodic: Mississippi River  •  flight to freedom vs. river flowing  toward Deep South (slave territory)
  • 10. 19th century Americans are self-conscious…  They want to know what their  new country looks like, and  how the varied races of growing  population live and talk
  • 11. 19 century Firsts… th First mappings of the West First transcontinental railroad First Photography
  • 12. Photography as a social mirror… The invention ignited an artistic and  scientific frenzy… Best portrait makers could bring out  the very human essence of a  subject… The advantages of photography:  immediacy, reliable representation,  low cost, etc…
  • 13. Massive social changes reflected in  literature & photography.  1861­65 ­ Mathew Brady,  Alexander Gardner: honest  photographic record of the Civil  War. Photography, like literary Realism  & Regionalism  showed TRUTH. 
  • 14. “Something new happened in  Huck Finn that had never  happened in American  literature before.  It was a  book…that served as a  Declaration of Independence  from the genteel English  novel… 
  • 15. …[It] allowed a different kind of  writing to happen: a clean, crisp, no­ nonsense, earthly vernacular…it  was a book that talked.  Huck’s  voice, combined with Twain’s satiric  genius, changed the shape of fiction  in America, and African­American  voices had a great deal to do with  making it what it was.”         ­ Dr. Shelley  Fishkin, 1995
  • 16. Comparing VIEWPOINTS OF SLAVERY in… Huckleberry Finn Photograph •
  • 17. #1 "Slave Boy Brought to Waterbury from Bucks Hill by Aunt Ella Johnson's Second Husband (Whelan)" Ninth-plate ambrotype, circa 1855 http://www.phot ographymuseum .com/slaveboylg .html The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 18. #2 "Our Little Pedlars" Quarter-plate ambrotype, circa 1855-1860 m/pedlarslg.html The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 19. #3 W. Queen (Philadelphia), Publisher or Retailer: "The Darkey's Vanity" Tinted Albumen Stereograph circa 1860 http://www.photographymus The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 20. #4 Cumberland Landing, Virginia, Group of "contrabands" at Foller's house, May 14, 1862 The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 21. #5 Unidentified Photographer: Civil War Soldiers with a "Contraband" Albumen carte de visite, circa 1863 /contrabl.html The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 22. #6 E. & H. T. Anthony & Co. (New York), Publishers: "Bombproof Quarters of Maj. Strong, at Dutch Gap, 16th N. Y. Artillery" Albumen Stereograph circa 1864 The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 23. Unidentified Photographer: Ten Children Cyanotype, circa 1898 The American Photography Museum, Inc. #7
  • 24. #8 Palmer (Tuskegee, Alabama) Instructor & Three Graduates with Diplomas and Geraniums Gelatine-Silver Print, circa 1905 The American Photography Museum, Inc.
  • 25. Works Cited The American Photography Museum, Inc. Virtual Exhibit: “The Face of Slavery and Other Early Images of African Americans.” (2004). Cross, J.M. . “Nineteenth-Century Photography: A Timeline.” The Victorian Web. (2001). Reuben, Paul P. “Chapter 5: Late Nineteenth Century: American Realism - A Brief Introduction.” PAL: Perspectives in American Literature: A Research and Reference Guide - An Ongoing Project.(2003). Rubio, Juan Carlos. (Curator). “Portraits and Landscapes in Nineteenth Century Photography. Private Collections of Madrid.” Fundacion Telefonico. (2001).