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Smartgrid evrim guler
 

Smartgrid evrim guler

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Energy Efficiency by using Smart Grid

Energy Efficiency by using Smart Grid

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  • Hello everybody, This is Evrim, from Turkey as Murat.I am gonna tell you something about Smart Grid. This is an innovation for all of world.
  • In this slide, the introduction shows us what I tell you about Smart Grid step by step.Maddelerinokunmasisirayla,
  • After telling about the perspective of the my presentation, I wanna give you a virtual idea about Smard Grid.As you see, Smart Grid is in the center of all structures as a core.This is just a virtual expectation from Smart Grid.
  • Also, this graph is about what for the smart grid is wanted to become.Graphdakinesnelerisoylediktensonra,All of these structures is gonna be managed by Smart Grid I hope.
  • After giving little virtual information about the smart grid, we can start to talk about all information of smart grid.In this and next slides, I ll give you some information about background.Cumledensonra: Nicola Tesla was a Serbian-American inventor, mechanical engineer, and electrical engineer.
  • In the world, some cities started to apply smart grid system to their energy structures.The first and still largest, Italian system installed by EnelSpA of Italy.The second one is in the US, the city of Austin,TX has been working its smart grid since 2003. Eger biri 2003 dedinamabironcekislaytta 2005 dedinderse smart gridinbaslangiciicin, Yes, you are right but actually smart grid idea was created in 1998s.So, the new approaches and real approaches started in 2005 and so for.The another one is Ontario, Canada . Hydro One is in the midst of a large-scale Smart Grid structure.The last one I can tell you is the city of Mannheim in Germany, is using real-time Broadband powerline communications.
  • In this slide, I wanna tell about the goals of smart grid. 2.Cumledeki tummaddeleriokuduktansonra; all of these actions minimize adverse impacts on electricity grids and maximize consumer savings.
  • And so on,Scale and scope make semantic distinctions between local and national grids that sometimes conflict.Municipal grid was started to apply in Miami, Florida.HAN extends some of these capabilities into the home using powerline networking and RF(Radio Frequency) using standards …
  • Yes, After this slide, we has begun to understand what a smart grid is, how it is running, how it is being applied.Tummaddeleriokuduktansonra ; in the next slide I wanna show you a short video about what a smart grid is.
  • In this step, my purpose is how we can modernize both transmission and distributionA smart grid is an umbrella term that covers modernization of both the transmission and distribution grids.Ilk cumledensonra; such as smart meters serve the energy efficiency goals.Son maddedensonra; the U.S. expect to save between 46 and 117 billion dollars over the next 20 years. This is so high money for the country.In the next step, we will watch how this system is working.
  • Problem definitions of smart grid applications are;Maddelerisiraylaoku…Maddelerokunduktansonra; and also in this area I put a graph to notify you about the benefits of smart grid.
  • Smart grid functions,According to the U.S. D.o.E.’s Modern Grid Initiative report, ..Maddelerioku…Birsonrakislayticin, in next slide you will watch how new resources can be added to smart grid structure
  • The features of smart grid methodologies;1.Cumledensonra; Although the total load is the sum of many individual choices of the clients, the overall load is not a stable, slow varying, and average power consumption.
  • Maddenin alt maddesinden once; Classic grids were designed for one-way flow electricity, but … maddeyioku…Maddenin alt maddesinde “in many countries” den sonra, including Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, and the UK, maddeyioku.
  • In general, smart grid technology can be grouped into five key areas;The first area is integrated communications. In most cases, data is being collected via modem rather than direct network connection. Maddelerioku…“Smart meters” basliginiokuduktansonra; A smart grid replaces analog mechanical meters with … maddeyioku…
  • High speed sensors called PMU .. Ilk basligiokuvedevam et maddeyiokuyarak…2.Maddenin alt 2. maddesinde “Technologies” den sonra includes .. Maddeyiokumayadevam…
  • Three technology categories for advanced control methods are: 1. maddenin alt basliklarinioku…2. Maddeninbasliginiokuduktansonra; reduce complexity so that … alt maddeyioku…3. Maddeninbasliginiokuduktansonra; is … maddeyiokumayadevam et…
  • Recent studies are using artificial intelligence programming techniques such as Fujian power in China…Maddeleriokumayadevam…
  • There are some obstacles for smart grid implementations.Basligioku… Basligiokuduktansonra; including… maddelerioku…En son maddedensonra ; to take advantage of smart grid technologies.
  • Maddelerisiraylaoku.
  • Maddeleriokumayadevam…
  • These are my references to be used organizing all information in this presentation…
  • And these are external links if you wanna, you can visit these website to collect some beneficial information about smart grid.
  • Yes, my friends, in this time, you are in active mode to ask questions to me if you wanna…
  • And so, this is my time. I am wondering whether every body understands what I told you.Ok… I am just kidding after the presentation.

Smartgrid evrim guler Smartgrid evrim guler Presentation Transcript

  • • Background and Goals• What a Smart Grid is• Modernizes both Transmission&Distribution• Problem Definition• Smart Grid Functions• Features• Technology• Recent Studies• Obstacles• Conclusion• References• External Links
  • • Current power grid evolved after 1896 based on Nikola Tesla’s design• Electric grid of the late 1960’s became conceived of as « dividing and distributing» electric power• Electricity networks have not kept pace with modern challenges• The term smart grid has been in use since at least 2005.[1]
  • • First cities with smart grids: • The earliest and still largest, Italian system installed by Enel S.p.A( Ente Nazionale per l’Energia eLettrica) of Italy. • In the US, the city of Austin,TX has been working on building its smart grid since 2003.[2] • Hydro One, in Ontario,Canada is in the midst of a large- scale Smart grid initiative.[3][4] • The city of Mannheim in Germany is using real-time Broadband Powerline(BPL) communications.[5]
  • • Smart energy demand describes the energy user component of smart grid.• Smart energy demand is a broad concept: • Enhancement of reliability • Reduce peak demand • Shift usage to off-peak hours • Lower total energy consumption • Actively manage electric vehicle charging • Actively manage other usage to respond solar, wind, and other renewable resources
  • • Smart energy demand mechanisms and tactics include: • Smart meters • Dynamic pricing • Smart thermostats and smart appliances • Automated control of equipment • Usage by appliance data • Scheduling and control of loads• Scale and Scope[6]• Municipal grid[7]• Home Area Networks (HANs) • Zigbee, INSTEON, Zwave,WiFi or others.
  • • Smart Grid refers using computer-based remote control and automation.• Smart grids increase • The connectivity • Automation • Coordination between these suppliers, consumers and networks that perform either long distance transmission or local distribution tasks
  • • Many smart grid features apparent to consumers• Peak curtailment/leveling and time of use pricing • To reduce demand during the high cost peak usage periods • To reduce consumption by communication to devices directly in order to prevent system overloads• Platform for advanced services • Use of robust two-way communications,advanced sensors, and distributed computing technology• US and UK savings estimates and concerns [8][9] • Save consumers money • Help reduce CO₂ emissions
  • • Increasing reliability,efficiency and safety of power grid• Enabling decentralized power generation• Flexibility of power consumption at the clients side• Increase Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by creating more new, green-collar energy jobs [10][11]
  • • A modern Smart Grid must [11]: • Be able to heal itself • Motivate consumers to actively participate in operations of the grid • Resist attack • Provide higher quality power • Accommodate all generation and storage options • Enable electricity markets to flourish • Run more efficiently • Enable higher penetration of intermittent power generation sources
  • • Load Adjustment • The total load connected to the power grid can vary significantly over time.• Demand response support • Allows generators and loads to interact in an automated fashion in real-time, coordinating demand to flatten spikes.• Greater resillience to loading • Initial power lines in the grid were built using radial model, later connectivity was guaranteed via multiple routes
  • • Decentralization of power generation • If a local sub-network generates more power than it is consuming, the reverse flow can raise safety and reliability issues.• Price signaling to consumers • In many countries, the electric utilities have installed double tariff electricity meters in many homes
  • • Integrated communications • Substation automation • Demand response • Distribution response • Distribution automation • Supervisory control and data acquisition(SCADA) • Energy management systems • Wireless mesh networks • Power-line carrier communications• Smart meters • Digital meters that record usage in real-time
  • • Phasor measurement units (PMU) • Distributed throughput their network can be used to monitor power quality and in some cases respond autmatically to them.• Sensing and measurement • Evaluate congestion and grid stability,monitoring equipment health, energy theft prevention, and control strategies support. • Technologies: wide-area monitoring systems, dynamic line rating, electromagnetic signature measurement/analysis, real-time pricing tools, backscatter radio technology
  • • Advanced control • Distributed intelligent agents • Analytical tools • Operational tools (SCADA, substation automation, demand response, etc.)• Improved interfaces and decision support • Operators and managers have tools to effectively and efficiently operate a grid with an increasing number of variables.• Smart power generation • A concept of matching electricity production with demand using multiple identical generators. [12]
  • • Using artificial intelligence programming techniques, Fujian power grid in China. [13]• The power grid was considered within the context of: • Optimal control • Ecology • Human cognition • Glassy dynamics • Information theory • Microphysics of clouds and many others. [14]• Many different concepts have been used to model intelligent power grids.
  • • In Europe and the U.S, significant impediments exist to the widespread adoption of Smart Grid technologies; • Regulatory environments that not reward utilities for operational efficiency,excluding U.S. Awards • Consumer concerns over privacy • Social concerns over «fair» availability of electricity • Social concerns over Enron style abuses of information leverage • Limited ability of utilities to rapidly transform their business and operational environment
  • • Distinguishing characteristics of Smart Grid include[15]: • Increased use of digital information and controls technology to improve reliability, security, and efficiency of the electric grid • Dynamic optimization of grid operations and resources with cyber-security • Deployment and integration of distributed resources and generation, including renewable resources • Deployment and incorporation of demand response, demand-side resources, and energy-efficiency resources
  • • Deployment of «smart» technologies for metering, communications concerning grid operations and status, and distribution automation• Integration of «smart» appliances and consumer devices• Deployment and integration of advanced electricity storage and peak-shaving technologies• Provision to consumers of timely information and control options• Development of standards for communication and interoperability of appliances and equipment connected to the electric grid
  • 1. S. Massoud Amin and Bruce F. Wollenberd, «Toward A Smart Grid», IEEE P&E Magazine, Vol. 3 No.5 pgs 34-41 .2. National Energy Technology Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, «Morden Grid Benefits», August 2007.3. Betsy Loeff (2008-03). «AMI Anatomy: Core Technologies in Advanced Metering». Ultrimetrics Newsletter (Automatic Meter Reading Association (Utilimetrics)4. Betsy Loeff, Demanding standards: «Hydro One aims to leverage AMI via interoperability», PennWell Corporation5. «E-Energy Project Model City Mannheim». MVV Energie. 20116. A. Battaglini, J. Lilliestam, C. Bals,and A. Haas, «The Supersmart Grid», European Climate Forum, July 2008.7. «Smart Grid Miami: FPL, GE, Cisco, Silver Spring Rolling Out 1M Smart Meters: Cleantech News and Analysis» . www.Earth2tech.com (2009-04-20).8. M. C. Kintner-Meyer, D. P. Chassin, R. G. Pratt, J. G. DeSteese, L. A. Schienbein, S. G. Hauser, W. M. Warwick, «GridWise: The Benefits of a Transformed Energy System», Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 2003
  • 9. «Smart Grid and Renewable Energy Monitoring Systems», SpeakSolar.org, published in September 2010.10. «Vision and Strategy for Europe’s Electricity Networks of the Future», European Technology Platform, 2006.11. Anderson, Roger; A. Boulanger, J. A. Johnson and A. Kressner, « Computer-Aided Lean Management for the Energy Industry », 2008.12. SGIP Catalog of Standards, 2011.13. Nanjing Nari-Relays Electric Co., «Wide Area Protection System for Stability», July 2006.14. Jacob Klimstra and Markus Hotakainen, « Smart Power Generation », ISBN 978-951-692-846-6, Helsinki 2011.15. « Obamas Speech on the Economy » , The New York Times, January 2009.
  • • IEEE SmartGrid Portal IEEEs collection of SmartGrid resources – http://smartgrid.ieee.org/• Smart Grids (European Commission) – http://ec.europa.eu/energy/gas_electricity/smartgrids/smartgrids_en.h tm• The NIST Smart Grid Collaboration Site NISTs public wiki for Smart Grid – http://collaborate.nist.gov/twiki-sggrid/bin/view/SmartGrid/WebHome• Video Lecture: Smart Grid: Key to a Sustainable Energy Infrastructure, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign – http://cgs.illinois.edu/resources/webvideo/smart-grid-key-a- sustainable-energy-infrastructure• The IDEAS project (University of Southampton project developing agent-based mechanisms for the Smart Grid) – http://www.ideasproject.info/
  • • USEA( United States Energy Association)-Smart Grid Lunch and Learn – http://www.usea.org/Publications/USEA_Smart_Grid_Lunch_an d_Learn.asp• Federal Smart grid Initiatives – http://www.smartgrid.gov/recovery_act/news/leesburg_approac hes_1_million_savings_creative_electric_conservation• IBM – A Smarter Planet – http://www- 05.ibm.com/innovation/be/smarterplanet/en/index.shtml?re=sp h• California Public Utilities Commission – http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/PUC/energy/100317_preso.htm