EA introduced three levels of conceptualization & organization: a, m, & t. According to him, ts carry out a m which is consistent with an a.
Following Anthony…. Structural: the view that language is a system of structurally related elements for the code of meaning Functional: the view that language is a vehicle for the expression of functional meaning Interactional: the view that language as a vehicle for the realization of interpersonal relations
The design is the level of method analysis in which we consider…
The procedure focuses on the way a method handles the presentation, the practice, and the feedback phases.
The Nature of Approaches & Methods in Language Teaching
The Nature of Approaches andMethods in Language Teaching Evi Sofiawati
Edward Anthony, 1963 approach method techniqueTechniques carry out a method which isconsistent with an approach
Edward Anthony, 1963Simplicity & comprehensiveness to distinguishthe underlying theoretical principles and thepractices derived Sufficient attention to the nature of a method itself
REVISION & EXTENSION OF THE ORIGINAL ANTHONY MODEL approach design method technique procedureA method: theoretically related to an approach, organizationally determined by a design, & practically realized in procedure
The Nature of Language • Structural • FunctionalAPPROACH • Interactional: 1. Process-oriented 2. Condition-oriented Language Learning
APPROACH: theoretical principles THEORIES PRACTICE
The Objectives The Syllabus The Types of ActivitiesDESIGN The Roles of Learners The Roles of Teachers The Role of Instructional Materials
DESIGN: teaching activities from theoretical principles ACTIVITIES ACTUAL MOMENT-TO-MOMENT TECHNIQUES, PRACTICES, & BEHAVIORS
The PresentationPROCEDURE The Practice The Feedback
However, this model does not imply thatmethodological development proceedsneatly from approach, through design, toprocedure.Methods can develop out of any of thethree categories.