Linking CSCL script design patterns: connections between assessment


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Among the fields in which design patterns have been applied, the design of CSCL scripts has received the attention of the e-learning research community. The usage of design patterns is justified in the complexity of the task of planning collaborative learning scenarios. Making this task even more complex, planning assessment activities and/or resources is one of the aspects that need to be taken into account in the design of a CSCL script. Focusing in this issue, this paper deals with the application of learning and assessment patterns together for the creation of such scripts. More specifically, this paper is focused on the potential benefits of using detailed information concerning the relationships between patterns of di erent types. Di erent types of links between CSCL scripting design patterns are illustrated, and finally this paper discusses the possibilities of using them in CSCL script authoring software tools.

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Linking CSCL script design patterns: connections between assessment

  1. 1. Linking CSCL script design patterns: connections between assessment and learning patterns Eloy D. Villasclaras1, Davinia Hernández- Leo2, Juan I. Asensio-Pérez1, Yannis Dimitriadis1, Alejandra Martínez-Monés1 1GSIC-EMIC group, Universidad de Valladolid 2Pompeu Fabra University E-LEARNING PATTERNS Workshop
  2. 2. What is this about? Name Context Problem Forces Solution Links to other patterns 2
  3. 3. Introduction (I) CSCL (Computer Design before going to the Supported Collaborative classroom Learning) Apply CL approach in CSCL macro- specific scripts scenarios 3
  4. 4. Introduction (II) Problem: Complexity of creating scripts • How to structure collaborative activities? Solution: Use patterns • Reuse well known practices • Documented in patterns • JIGSAW, PYRAMID, THINK PAIR SHARE 4
  5. 5. Introduction (III) • Authoring tool: Collage – Graphical representation – Support for selection – Design process • Positive evaluation – By non-expert users 5
  6. 6. Design problem • To add some more complexity… – … include assessment design • Learning ↔ assessment – Characteristics of learning activities determine types of assessment – Assessment affects the way students do activities • Both things should appear in CSCL scripts 6
  7. 7. A pattern-based solution (I) • Again, use patterns – Assessment patterns: propose solutions to assessment-related design problems • Sequences of activities • Assessment activities • Assessment resources and tools Peer Role review detection 7
  8. 8. A pattern-based solution (II) • Design process Solution to a problem… Selection of patterns Particularization of patterns … without ever doing it in the same way twice • Many assessment and learning patterns, but – How to use them together? – Documenting links 8
  9. 9. Connecting patterns (I) Assessment pattern Assessment pattern Assessment pattern problem Script Problem Problem Problem Solution Solution Solution solution Back to the pattern … Pattern A Pattern B Configuration… Configuration… 9
  10. 10. Connecting patterns (II) Information Design tasks Pattern selection Script Applied Patterns Pattern particularization •What assessment/learning patterns have been applied? •How? 10
  11. 11. Connecting patterns (III) • Links between patterns: – Generic: Between pairs of patterns – Config. specific: Taking into account their configuration • Source: application of patterns in case studies • Objective: document experience for designers 11
  12. 12. Example (I) Enriching Can be used as discussions by implementation of generating cognitive conflicts Peer (TELL Pattern Book, 2005) review Configure groups depending on whether PEER REVIEW is intra- phase or inter-phase Pyramid 12
  13. 13. Example (II) Interesting roles to be Jigsaw detected determined by the Jigsaw Role Can be used to assess detection participation in Structured space for small The format of group tasks interaction logs/data must be compatible (TELL Pattern Book, 2005) 13
  14. 14. Discussion • Learning & assessment design – Need to use in combination different patterns • For non-expert designers • Support in software authoring tools – Model information about script – Selection, design needs, design inconsistencies… • Document ways of using pattern vs. creativity 14
  15. 15. Thank you! Contact: Eloy Villasclaras Fernández 15