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Stereotyping presentation1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Stereotyping is NOT Inevitable Evelyn Botero Rebecca Yelverton
  • 2. Practice Makes Perfect?
    • Attempts at inhibiting stereotypes can be accomplished
      • Successfully inhibiting stereotypes requires practice (Jane, 2000)
  • 3. Stewart, Payne, 2008
    • In three experiments, automatic stereotyping was reduced when participants made an intention to think specific thoughts
      • The reduction was driven by a change in automatic stereotyping
      • Acquired with little practice
      • Thus, implementation intentions may be an effective and efficient means for controlling automatic thought
  • 4. Wheeler & Fiske, 2005
    • Participants viewed unfamiliar black & white photos
    • 1st study recorded brain activity in amygdala through magnetic resonance imaging
    • 2nd study measured cognitive activation of stereotypes by lexical priming
    • Neither response to photos of racial out-group was inevitable
    • Both responses depended on perceivers’ current social-cognitive goal
  • 5. Sex Role Stereotyping: Happens and How to Avoid it (Kramer, 1988)
    • Parental influence
    • Influence of television
    • Influence of children’s books
    • Influence of toys
  • 6. Lepore & Brown, 1997
    • Membership in categories such as age, gender, and race seem to be attended to automatically
    • However, relations among categorization, stereotyping, and prejudice more flexible than often assumed
  • 7. Results
    • Category and stereotype activation have different effects on judgment
      • Supporting the distinction between the two
    • Best results when stereotype and category are primed
  • 8. How to Reduce Stereotyping
  • 9. Questions for the Pro Side
  • 10. Questions for the Con Side
  • 11. References
    • Jane, K.D. (2000). Controlling unwanted prejudice: Does practice make perfect? Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering 60( 12-B), 6420.
    • Lepore, L. & Brown, R. (1997). Category and Stereotype Activation: Is Prejudice Inevitable? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72(2), 275-287.
    • Lepore, L. & Brown, R. (2002). The role of awareness: Divergent automatic stereotype activation and implicit judgment correction. Social Cognition, 20 (4), 321-351.
    • Myers, D.G. (2009). Exploring Social Psychology: Fifth Edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 1221 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020
    • Stewart, B.D.& Payne, K.B. (2008). Bringing automatic stereotyping under control: Implementation intentions as efficient means of thought control. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34 (10), 1332-1345.
    • Wheeler, M.E. & Fiske, S.T. (2005). Controlling racial prejudice: Social-cognitive goals affect amygdala and stereotype activation. Psychology Science, 16 (1), 56-63.