Presented by:- Saurabh Kumar Gupta (06AG3804) www.themegallery.com Summer Internship Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study for Fibre Cement Manufacturing unit (May-July 2010) at CTRAN CONSULTING PVT. LTD .
<ul><li>www.themegallery.com </li></ul>Financial Report Major Competitors Project Proposal Emission Sources Contents Environmental Setting of the Study Area About Ctran Consulting Environmental Management Plan Review of Literature Baseline Environmental Status
About Ctran Consulting <ul><li>CTRAN Consulting Pvt. Ltd. is a part of the INR 5000 million BASIX Group, a premier corporate house held in high regard in the field of micro-credit and livelihood promotion in India. The group has had over a decade of operation in over 10 states in India with over 2,500 employees. </li></ul><ul><li>CTRAN is dedicated to provide sustainable solution to its clients in the areas of energy, environment, climate change, CDM and inclusive infrastructure for local livelihoods. </li></ul><ul><li>CTRAN was incubated by two experienced professionals; Ashok Kumar Singha, MBA and Mr. Prabhat Panda, CA. </li></ul><ul><li>The company works with a countrywide network of twenty associates specialized in various core business areas of CTRAN Consulting. The organization is registered under the Companies Act 1956 on the 12th of April, 2007 as CTRAN Consulting Pvt. Ltd. The company has its corporate office in Bhubaneswar and operates through its network offices throughout the country. The revenue in 2008 was $ 5 million. </li></ul>
About Ctran Consulting <ul><li>Mission of Ctran Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>Mission of CTRAN is to develop energy and infrastructure that enhance shareholder’s value through a sustainable transaction based model using process and financial innovations contributing to inclusive growth and accountable development by managing climate change and reducing vulnerability through adaptation. </li></ul><ul><li>CTRAN stands for complete transformation of value to its stakeholders, through in-depth study and careful analysis, into products and services designed to meet the growing requirements of its discerning clients. The organisation offers consultancy services in the domains of energy and environment sector, climate change consultancy services with special emphasis on clean development mechanism. It is a pioneer in rural infrastructure consultancy and livelihood enhancement. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Energy and Infrastructure Management </li></ul><ul><li>Empanelment of Consultant in SDA Orissa </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Feasibility Study for 5 MW Solar Power Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Building Sector Policies and Regulation for Promotion of Solar Water Heater for UNDP/GEF and MNRE </li></ul><ul><li>Solar Assessment study for Orissa Tribal Empowerment and Livelihood Programme (OTELP) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Climate Change and CDM </li></ul><ul><li>Documenting the Effects of Climate Change Phase-II supported by NR International </li></ul><ul><li>Support for Strengthening of CDM cell at IPICOL through capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Development Mechanism projects for Biomass based thermal energy generation </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of CDM Cell at IPICOL, Study on CDM Potential in Renewable Energy sector Solid Waste M </li></ul>
<ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study for Fibre Cement sheet manufacturing Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study for Solid Waste Management project in </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nongstoin, Meghalaya </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nongpoh, Meghalaya </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tura, Meghalaya </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
Financial Report Investment in Rs. Lakhs Equity Shares held % of shareholding of BASIX in 2009 % of shareholding of BASIX in 2008 1,54,050 15,405 75.1% 50.05% Particulars March 31,2009 (Rs. ‘000) Income from Operation 16,740 Profit on Operation 2,875 Provision for FBT 883 Net Profit After Tax 1901 Average Capital Employed 4062 Return on Investment 47%
Major Competitors Enviro Care India Private Limited Design Consortium,Pune Enviro Solutions & Services CH Four Energy Solutions E. Q. M. S. India Private Limited, Delhi Seamak Hi-Tech Products, Bangalore Nayagara Water Solutions Private Limited Precision Engineering Works India, Kolkata Jigs Enterprise Enviro Analysts & Engineers Private Limited and many more…
Project Proposal The broad objective of the study I would be carrying out during my summer internship, would be to conduct a baseline study, impact prediction and Environmental Management Plan for a proposed fibre-cement sheet manufacturing unit in Bihar. In order to assess the likely impacts arising out of the proposed project, it is necessary to undertake the Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment (REIA) study for the various environmental components which may be affected, and to assess the impact arising out of the proposed project and to prepare a detailed environmental management plan (EMP) to minimize those adverse impacts. This will in turn have a possible impact on the people, their home land or their livelihoods, or to other nearby developments.
<ul><li>The main objectives of the project would thus comprise of: </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline Study of Air, water, soil, noise, socio-economic environment </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of secondary data for socio-economic, meteorology etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Prediction of Environmental impact of the proposed project </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of EIA report and assistance in clearance procedure </li></ul>Project Proposal
<ul><li>The reason for choosing this particular project: </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of environment is of prime importance these days. Countries worldwide have initiated efforts to protect the environment. Therefore, I want to implement innovative solutions in designing green and sustainable solutions for the proposed fibre-cement manufacturing unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Skills I possess: </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling Environment </li></ul><ul><li>ArcGIS </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Modflow </li></ul><ul><li>ArcSWAT </li></ul>Project Proposal
Review of Literature Sl. No. Research Paper/ Report 1 EIA practice in India and its evaluation using SWOT analysis. by Ritu Paliwal in Environmental Impact Assessment Review (2006) 2 Environmental Impact Assessment at Jumbo Asbestos Cemet Sheet Plant : 50,000 TPA Proponent: Jumbo Roofings & Tiles 3 Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Report for Integrated Municipal Waste Management Project at Boragaon Site, Guwhati, Assam 4 EIA of water projects in India: International seminar on environmental impact assessment of water resources projects, Roorkee, India. by R. Rajagopal (2002) 5 EIA of municipal solid waste disposal site in Varanasi using RIAM analysis. by M.K. Mondal et.al (2009) 6 A review of EIA report quality in the North West province of South Africa. by Luke A. Sandham et.al (2007) 7 Cumulative effects in Swedish EIA practice — difficulties and obstacles by Wärnbäck et.al (2007) 8 Environmental impact monitoring in the EIA process of South Australia. by Ahammed et.al (2005) 9 Appraising the role of relationships between regulators and consultants for effective EIA. by Angus (2009) 10 Evaluation of the EIA system on the Island of Mauritius and development of an environmental monitoring plan framework. By T. Ramjeawon (2004)
Project Site Selection The project site has to be selected based on environmental consideration and other factors, such as 1. Demand of the product 2. Easy to receive imported RM 3. Transport accessibility for RM & FG 4. Where environment impact should be low. 5.The site has a connecting road and easy approachability. 6.It is connected with ASEB power and hence there is no need of captive generation. 7.It should utilize more Fly ash from the nearby Thermal Power Station as a major part of the raw material.
Emission Sources The major sources of emission from the proposed activity are 1. Fibre Handling Area (ERM Section) - Total dust with fibre content 2. Cement handling Area (Cement feeding) - Total dust or Suspended particulate matter 3. Fly Ash handling Area (Fly Ash feeding) - Total dust or Suspended particulate matter. 4. Standby Power Supply System - DG sets - Suspended Particulate matter, SO 2 and NO x .
Emission Control Measures In the proposed fibre sheet cement plant suitable pollution control equipments have to be selected which will ensure that the emission levels are maintained below the prescribed units. In the proposed DG Sets, high speed diesel (HSD) oil have to be used. Hence negligible quantity of SPM, SO 2 & NO x will be generated during the combustion process. Then there will be no need of any pollution control equipment. But the stack shall be provided as per the standard stack height calculations. DG Set shall be installed in an acoustic enclosure as per Assam State Pollution Control Board norms.
Environmental Setting of the Study Area <ul><li>The baseline environmental status has to be assessed based on the primary and secondary data collected through on-site field observations and obtained from agencies such as </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Meteorological Department, </li></ul><ul><li>Geological Survey of India, </li></ul><ul><li>State Ground Water Department, </li></ul><ul><li>State Pollution Control Board, </li></ul><ul><li>Census of India and Local Forest Department. </li></ul>
Environmental Setting of the Study Area <ul><li>The following environmental components are to be focused at during this study: </li></ul><ul><li>Air Environment (Meteorology, Ambient Air Quality, Noise Levels, Traffic Pattern, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Environment (Quality and Quantity of Surface and Groundwater sources) </li></ul><ul><li>Land Environment (Geology, Hydrogeology, Landuse, Solid Waste generation and characteristics) </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Environment (Terrestrial and Aquatic Flora & Fauna) </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic Conditions </li></ul>
Baseline Environmental Status Attribute Baseline Status Meteorology Meteorological parameters include, wind speed, wind directions and other information, viz. humidity, rainfall, temperature. The annual average, minimum and maximum temperature is to be recorded as well as the prevailing wind direction is plays a significant role. Ambient Air Quality Ambient air quality is to be monitored at different sampling stations. Selection of air quality monitoring station should be done as per MoEF guidelines for conducting EIA study. The pollutant concentration levels of NO x , SO 2 , and RPM (PM10 & SPM) are to be measured. Noise Levels Noise monitoring is to be carried out at different locations at and around the site during different times of the day.
Baseline Environmental Status Attribute Baseline Status Water Quality The assessment of water quality in the study area is to be done and compared with the drinking water standards prescribed by CPCB near the project site. The physico-chemical parameters should be well within the prescribed limits for the drinking water standards. Groundwater availability and Soil Quality The aquifer depth as well as the quality of the soil at various locations has to be analysed. Socio-economic Enivironment The proposed project will lead to employment generation and will have a positive impact on the socio economic environment.
Parameters 1. pH 2. Temperature ( C) 3. Turbidity (NTU) 4. Specific conductance (micromho/cm) 5. Total Solids 6. Total Dissolved Solids 7. Total Alkalinity as CaCO 3 8. Total Hardness as CaCO 3 9. Calcium as CaCO 3 10. Magnesium as CaCO 3 11. Chlorides as Cl 12. Sulphates as SO 4 13. Nitrates as NO 2 14. Sodium as Na 15. Potassium as K 16. Fluoride as F 17. Arsenic as As 18. Selenium as Se 19. Cadmium as Cd 20. Copper as Cu 22. Lead as Pb 23. Zinc as Zn 24. Mercury as Hg 25. Chromium as Cr 26. Total Nitrogen 27. Total phosphorous 28. Manganese as Mn 29. Cyanide as CN 30. Free Residual Chlorine 31. Dissolved Oxygen Water Quality Data (Groundwater)
Environmental Management Plan <ul><li>For the effective implementation of the EMP, an Environmental Management System (EMS) has to be established at the proposed project. The EMS shall include the following: </li></ul><ul><li>An Environmental Management cell </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Monitoring Program </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Training </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Environmental Audits and Corrective Action </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation – Standard operating procedures Environmental Management Plans and other records. </li></ul>
Risk Assessment & Disaster Mangement Plan <ul><li>For the effective & safe implementation of Municipal Waste Processing, it is important to identify associated safety hazards and carry out a basic risk assessment; an effective risk assessment & propose a disaster management plan as a part of EIA report. Risk assessment & disaster management plan includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Critical aspects including safety culture, training and awareness, relationships and training of contractor staff and many others. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety measures, possibility of accidents either due to human errors and/ or due to equipment/ system failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster management and response plan to minimize the adverse impacts due to an unfortunate incident and disaster Management aspects. </li></ul>