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ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
 

ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation

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Authors: Matthias Max, German Red Cross Johannes Sautter, Fraunhofer IAO

Authors: Matthias Max, German Red Cross Johannes Sautter, Fraunhofer IAO

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  • Titel der Präsentation
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  • Titel der Präsentation they normally gain during real-life exercises – without limitations!
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  • Spatial planning of strategic areas: Staging area…BR – bereitstellungsraum Loading area…RMHP – Rettungsmittelhalteplatz Advanced medical post (PAL) patientenablage Area of danger Titel der Präsentation
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ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation Presentation Transcript

  • Practitioners‘ Track Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation Matthias Max, German Red Cross Johannes Sautter, Fraunhofer IAO
  • Real-life exercises have a set of limitations:  Lack of possibilities to vary the location and condition of injured  Difficult to achieve realistic time and capacity constraints  Costs in time and money to prepare the exercise  Impossibility to repeat the exercise in every detail Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • ISCRAM Summer School 2012 Motivation and Visions Real-life exercises are crucial and necessary to train leading personnel and first responders in handling special situations, but are difficult and costly to organize Vision 1: Computer-based simulation of tactical workflows allow crisis managers to elaborate suitable strategies for short-term planning of alternative tactical decisions Vision 2: Exercise-leader-support during exercise runs and for debriefing Gathering of key performance data (times and decisions) Reporting and visualization of workflows, times and decisions Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Context  Rural first responder unit at district level in Germany  Exercise in summer 2012  Observation and subsequent interviews Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Scenario description  A bus that crashes into a car  50 people injured  Realistic scenario  This kind of scenario could happen everywhere and every time. Accident Alert at Command & Control Center 9:00 AM 09:13 Start Operational Phase Arrival on site, Hazard Analysis Pre-Triage 09:18 Spatial planning 09:22 09:37 10:13 Transportation to hospitals 09:25 All injured on the way to hospitals Treatment of patients (on site, in vehicle) Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Spatial planning Output data vehicle logistic workflows: time needed to establish parking order User needs for short-term planning simulation tool  Pre-configuration: Local locations and capabilities (e.g. emergency services and hospitals)  Input from user: Simulation of different alternatives to position patients depot and an optional vehicle queue  Output of Simulation run: workflow times (e.g. walking with patient stretcher) dependent on vehicle positions Use cases during exercise  exercise data steward: maintain geographic locations for live- monitoring,  exercise leader: exercise-monitoring, estimation of the effectiveness of different spatial strategies Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Triage and transportation to patient depot Output data  Stretcher transport time (out of the damage zone to the patients’ depot/vehicles)  Available responders for carrying User needs for simulation tool  Pre-configuration: Integration of validated medical data on patients behavior  Pre-configuration: Disease and injury patterns dependent on time and the type of medical treatment. Use cases during exercise  Exercise data steward: assess triaged patients from the first responders in training/patient actors  exercise leader: identify problems during the pre-triage, monitor capacity bottlenecks. Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Transportation to the hospital Output data  Time vehicle/helicopter needs to arrive at the hospital/at the incident scene again. User needs for simulation tool  Pre-configuration: The integration of local road maps, geo-referenced collection of all hospitals in the districts around (150 km)  Output of Simulation run: real-time data on surgery capacities in the hospitals, real-time traffic data, data on weather conditions. Use cases during exercise  exercise data steward: gather data from command vehicle  exercise leader: e.g. report problems with vehicle queue and departure workflow Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Conclusion  Exact proceeding of a first responder exercise was analysed  Three relevant phases were identified  Output data, user needs and use cases were extracted  End-user requirements were identified:  Exercise-support software solution  Utilization of output data for simulation tools  Improvement of training, future exercises and capacity/resources planning by region-specific simulation tool Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
  • Thank You Very Much! Contact Matthias Max, MaxM@drk.de Johannes Sautter, johannes.sautter@iao.fraunhofer.de This research is funded by EU FP7/07–13, grant agreement n° 284552 within CRISMA – Modelling crisis management for improved action and preparedness www.crismaproject.eu Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation