Practitioners‘ Track
Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements
for Exercise-Support and Simulation
Matth...
Real-life exercises have a set of limitations:
 Lack of possibilities to vary the location and condition of injured
 Dif...
ISCRAM Summer School 2012
Motivation and Visions
Real-life exercises are crucial and necessary to train leading
personnel ...
Context
 Rural first responder unit at district level in
Germany
 Exercise in summer 2012
 Observation and subsequent i...
Scenario description
 A bus that crashes into a car
 50 people injured
 Realistic scenario
 This kind of scenario coul...
Spatial planning
Output data
vehicle logistic workflows: time needed to establish parking order
User needs for short-term ...
Triage and transportation to patient depot
Output data
 Stretcher transport time (out of the damage zone to the
patients’...
Transportation to the hospital
Output data
 Time vehicle/helicopter needs to arrive at the hospital/at the incident
scene...
Conclusion
 Exact proceeding of a first responder exercise was analysed
 Three relevant phases were identified
 Output ...
Thank You Very Much!
Contact
Matthias Max, MaxM@drk.de
Johannes Sautter, johannes.sautter@iao.fraunhofer.de
This research ...
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ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation

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Authors: Matthias Max, German Red Cross Johannes Sautter, Fraunhofer IAO

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
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  • Spatial planning of strategic areas: Staging area…BR – bereitstellungsraum Loading area…RMHP – Rettungsmittelhalteplatz Advanced medical post (PAL) patientenablage Area of danger Titel der Präsentation
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  • ISCRAM 2013: Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation

    1. 1. Practitioners‘ Track Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation Matthias Max, German Red Cross Johannes Sautter, Fraunhofer IAO
    2. 2. Real-life exercises have a set of limitations:  Lack of possibilities to vary the location and condition of injured  Difficult to achieve realistic time and capacity constraints  Costs in time and money to prepare the exercise  Impossibility to repeat the exercise in every detail Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    3. 3. ISCRAM Summer School 2012 Motivation and Visions Real-life exercises are crucial and necessary to train leading personnel and first responders in handling special situations, but are difficult and costly to organize Vision 1: Computer-based simulation of tactical workflows allow crisis managers to elaborate suitable strategies for short-term planning of alternative tactical decisions Vision 2: Exercise-leader-support during exercise runs and for debriefing Gathering of key performance data (times and decisions) Reporting and visualization of workflows, times and decisions Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    4. 4. Context  Rural first responder unit at district level in Germany  Exercise in summer 2012  Observation and subsequent interviews Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    5. 5. Scenario description  A bus that crashes into a car  50 people injured  Realistic scenario  This kind of scenario could happen everywhere and every time. Accident Alert at Command & Control Center 9:00 AM 09:13 Start Operational Phase Arrival on site, Hazard Analysis Pre-Triage 09:18 Spatial planning 09:22 09:37 10:13 Transportation to hospitals 09:25 All injured on the way to hospitals Treatment of patients (on site, in vehicle) Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    6. 6. Spatial planning Output data vehicle logistic workflows: time needed to establish parking order User needs for short-term planning simulation tool  Pre-configuration: Local locations and capabilities (e.g. emergency services and hospitals)  Input from user: Simulation of different alternatives to position patients depot and an optional vehicle queue  Output of Simulation run: workflow times (e.g. walking with patient stretcher) dependent on vehicle positions Use cases during exercise  exercise data steward: maintain geographic locations for live- monitoring,  exercise leader: exercise-monitoring, estimation of the effectiveness of different spatial strategies Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    7. 7. Triage and transportation to patient depot Output data  Stretcher transport time (out of the damage zone to the patients’ depot/vehicles)  Available responders for carrying User needs for simulation tool  Pre-configuration: Integration of validated medical data on patients behavior  Pre-configuration: Disease and injury patterns dependent on time and the type of medical treatment. Use cases during exercise  Exercise data steward: assess triaged patients from the first responders in training/patient actors  exercise leader: identify problems during the pre-triage, monitor capacity bottlenecks. Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    8. 8. Transportation to the hospital Output data  Time vehicle/helicopter needs to arrive at the hospital/at the incident scene again. User needs for simulation tool  Pre-configuration: The integration of local road maps, geo-referenced collection of all hospitals in the districts around (150 km)  Output of Simulation run: real-time data on surgery capacities in the hospitals, real-time traffic data, data on weather conditions. Use cases during exercise  exercise data steward: gather data from command vehicle  exercise leader: e.g. report problems with vehicle queue and departure workflow Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    9. 9. Conclusion  Exact proceeding of a first responder exercise was analysed  Three relevant phases were identified  Output data, user needs and use cases were extracted  End-user requirements were identified:  Exercise-support software solution  Utilization of output data for simulation tools  Improvement of training, future exercises and capacity/resources planning by region-specific simulation tool Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation
    10. 10. Thank You Very Much! Contact Matthias Max, MaxM@drk.de Johannes Sautter, johannes.sautter@iao.fraunhofer.de This research is funded by EU FP7/07–13, grant agreement n° 284552 within CRISMA – Modelling crisis management for improved action and preparedness www.crismaproject.eu Analysis of a German First Responder Exercise: Requirements for Exercise-Support and Simulation

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