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3 r's 3 r's Document Transcript

  •  
  • COMMON PROBLEM IN THE COUNTRY
    • MONEY
    • GARBAGE
  • unwanted, refuse, non-sense, rubbish, junk, litter . . .
  •  
  • QUEZON CITY WASTE COMPOSITION
  • COMPOSTABLES RECYCLABLES RESIDUAL
    • Left-over food / spoiled food
    • Fruit / vegetable peelings
    • Fish / fowl
    • Bones
    • Seeds
    • Hard shells
    • Leaves
    • Grass
    • Animal Manure
    • Bottles / Glass
    • Metal/ Tin cans
    • Aluminum/ Soft drinks in can
    • Paper (dry)
    • Cartons/ (dry)
    • Plastics (mineral water bottles, 1.5 liter soft drinks
    • Sanitary Napkins
    • Disposable Diapers
    • Used / worn out rags
    • Ceramics Styropore
    • Soiled tissue paper
    • Light bulbs
    • Tetra Packs
    • Candy wrappers
    • Sachets
    • Cigarette butts
    • Rubber
  • REPUBLIC ACT 9003 THE ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ACT OF 2000
  • WHAT IS RA 9003? It is an Act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary institutional mechanisms and incentives, declaring certain Acts prohibited and providing penalties, appropriating funds therefore, and for other purposes.
  • SALIENT PROVISIONS OF RA 9003
    • Section 10. The Role of the LGUs in Solid Waste Management –Pursuant to the relevant provisions of RA 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code, the LGUs shall be primarily be responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the provisions of this Act within their respective jurisdiction.
    • Segregation and collection of solid waste shall be conducted at the barangay level specifically for biodegradable, compostable and reuseable wastes: Provided, that the collection of non-recyclable materials and special wastes shall be the responsibility of the municipality or city.
    • Section 32. Establishment of LGU Materials Recovery Facility – There shall be established a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) in every Barangay or cluster of Barangay
  •  
    • Section 21 . Mandatory Segregation of Solid Waste – The LGUs shall evaluate alternative roles for the public and private sectors in providing collection services, type of collection system, of combination of systems, that best meet their needs: Provided, that segregation of wastes shall primarily be conducted at source , to include household, institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural sources:
  •  
    • Section 37. Prohibition Against the Use of Open Dumps for Solid Wastes – No open dumps shall be established and operated, nor any practice or disposal of solid waste by any person, including LGUs, which constitutes the use of open dumps for solid waste, be allowed after the effictivity of this Act:
  • ADVANTAGES OF SEGREGATION
    • Magtipid
    • Feeds
    • Composting (Household)
    • Composting (Barangay)
    • Barangay MRF
    • Junkshop
  • Income Generating (thru Recycling & Composting) Saves precious Landfill space
  • Environmental Protection and Preservation
  • Common sense tells us the most cost-effective way of managing waste is to do something at the source of generation. That is, at home, at the office or at the institutional level. Activities such as sorting and eventually recovery works best if done at this point. the 3Rs of Solid Waste Management
  • R REDUCE RE-USE RECYCLE
  • Composting refers to the controlled decomposition of organic matters by microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi, into a humus like product.
  • COMPOSTING Nature’s way of decomposing biodegradable waste. Natural means of recycling
  •  
  • 4 ESSENTIAL INGREDIENTS :
      • Nitrogen
      • Carbon
      • Water
      • Air
  • Use pots (or any object that would serve the same purpose. It should be at least 3x3 ft.
    • Chop the big pieces (the green and brown ingredients) to make it finer. This will catalyze the composting process.
    • NOTE:
    • Green and wet materials are rich in nitrogen (vegetable & fruit peelings, green leaves, etc.)
    • Brown and dry materials are rich in carbon (twigs, dried leaves, etc.)
    • Mix the green and brown ingredients.
    • In cases wherein entrails and other left over food will be mixed, burry these under the mixture of green and brown waste to avoid foul odor.
    • Add enough water to the mixture.
    • During the dry season, constantly add enough water to retain the moisture. During the wet season, cover your pot to prevent excessive water.
  • 5.It is essential that the compost breathes air. To keep air circulation, mix the compost once a week.
  • Benefits of Composting
    • Keeps organic wastes from land fills
    • Provides nutrients to the soil
    • Increases beneficial soil organisms (worms, etc.)
    • Suppresses certain plant diseases
    • Reduces the need for pesticides and fertilizers
    • Protects soil from erosion
    • Assists environmental remediation
    • Generates income from the sale of compost
  • THE PROBLEM WITH WASTE MANAGEMENT?
  • What do you prefer? Dirty? Clean?
  • WHAT TO DO?
    • Form a Committee or Core Group
    • Create a Solid Waste Management Plan
    • Enforce Environmental Laws
    • Establish a Materials Recovery Facility