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  • 1. Team of Rivals:
    “A Sacred Effort”
    Doris Kearns
  • 2. Lincoln was re-elected on November 10, 1864
    * Secretary of state was Seward Lafayette
  • 3. Leadership Role
    Lincoln’s established friendship Seward Lafayette, secretary of state.
    Seward was Lincolns only advisor, was very confident
    Ideas /concerns came to Lincoln he turned to Seward
    Some considered Seward “power behind the throne”, but Seward responded “There is but one vote in the Cabinet and that is cast by the President”
  • 4. Lincoln’s Partnership Stanton, volatile secretary of war
    Stanton controlled Lincoln at times, but it was clear who was in power
    “Each could veto the other’s act, but Lincoln was to rule when he felt it necessary”
  • 5. Dedication to the Leader/Country
    Suffered from asthma – kept him in bed during election
    “keep me alive till this rebellion is over, and then I’ll take a rest”
  • 6. Lincoln protected his secretary even when criticism was justified Lincoln stopped others from talk negatively about Stanton“Go home my friend and read attentively the tenth verse of the thirteenth chapter of Proverbs”
    Administration sticking up for teachers
  • 7. Bates/Lincoln
    Bates retired as Attorney General
    Gratitude to Lincoln:
    “Your uniform and unvarying courtesy and kindness during whole time in which we have been associated in the public service. The memory of that kindness and personal favor, I shall bear with me into private life, and hope to retain in my heart, as long as I live.”
    Strong leadership inspires life
  • 8. Lincolns Strong Leadership impacted Bates Views
    Lincoln asked Bates to speak in 1864 to deliver a legal opinion on the controversial question of the unequal pay scale for black soldiers
    Never escaped racial prejudices formed in his earlier years
    However, Lincoln’s leadership influenced Bates to learn more. From the Dred Scott decision, Bates researched citizenship and concluded that the place of birth, not color of skin, determined citizenship
    Interesting – Lincolns leadership influenced Bates to see beyond prejudice, look at the whole picture
  • 9. Bates at times did not agree with Lincolns management style, but at the end of his career formed a understanding of Lincolns unique leadership style
    • “Storytelling played a central role in the president’s ability to communicate with the public”
  • Confident in His Decision
    Appointed James Speed as Attorney General after Bates retirement
    “I should despise myself if I allowed personal differences to affect my judgment of his fitness for the office.”
  • 10.  Chase appointed as Chief-Justice
    Lincoln was confident that Chase would help secure the rights of the black man, for which he had fought throughout his career, a belief that outweighed concerns about Chase’s restless temperament
  • 11. Mary Lincoln/Family
      took pleasure in his victory, in debt
    Started the new rule of etiquette for visitors at public receptions in White House
    Still grieving over son “Willie”
    Did not want son, “Robert,” to enter war
    Lincoln wrote a letter to Attorney General asking if son could go in military with nominal ranks…Robert became captain..very popular
  • 12. Lincoln Paid Tribute
    Sherman's March to the Sea - capture of Savannah --- this still haunts civilians to this day
    General George Thomas – defeated Hood’s forces at Nashville
    Navy/Army - fall of Fort Fisher, Wilmington NC
  • 13. 13th Amendment
    January passage of 13th amend., abolish slavery
    Went to James Rollin to make an appeal to vote for 13th amend.
    1865 – put dramatic change to end slavery
  • 14. Francis Preston Blair
    Visited Jefferson Davis, confederate president
    Blair proposed that Davis end slavery
    Proposed to end southern independence
    Combine North and South to drive French out of Mexico (said north/south were two countries)
    Lincoln did not like, sent Blair back to report the securing peace to all as one country…not two….
  • 15. Hampton Road Conference
    Representing the US gov’t = Lincoln and Seward
    Representing Confederate State of America = Alexander Stephens (VP), Robert M.Y. Hunter (Senator), and John Campbell (Assistant Secretary of War)
    Unsuccessful effort to negotiate an end to American Civil War
    Lasted four hours
    NO agreements made
    The war continued
  • 16. Lincoln’s Requests
    “Voluntary abolition of slavery by the states”
    Refused treaty with Confederate Gov’t
    Would not weaken the Emancipation Proclamation
    Complete restoration of Union --- or war continues
    Not to have joint attack on the French in Mexico
  • 17. Lincoln depressed over John Yates Beall
    Former Confederate captain who was tried/found guilty as a spy
    Pending execution
    Lincoln felt compelled to stand by General John A. Dix, even though it troubled him so of convicting Beall.
  • 18. March 4
    • Estimated fifty thousand citizens gathered at Capitol to witness the inauguration
    • 19. Fused spiritual faith with politics
    • 20. The reception was public
  • Proud Friendship
    Frederick Douglass tried to enter the reception, but was denied access. He told the guards to get Lincoln.
    Fredrick could see Lincoln
    All around could hear Lincoln say “Hear comes my friend Douglas”
  • 21. Lincoln desire for Douglas Opinion
    Lincoln wanted Douglas opinion --“You must stop a little Douglas; there is no man in the country whose opinion I value more than yours. I want to know what you think of it.”
    “Mr. Lincoln, that was a sacred effort.”
  • 22. Lincoln’s Speech
    “The President’s inaugural is the finest state paper in all history”
    “This inaugural will read as one of the most inspiring speech ever spoken by a man.”