International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 1 de 5Área: English Asignatura: English Curso: 10thFecha: 04 al 10 -03 Periodo: I Nº Hor: 12hr Semana: 7Tema: PhrasalverbsIndicador Students will be able to use the phrasal verbsde Logro Exploración Contextualización Let‟s take a look at the phrasal verb „drop off‟. As you know, phrasal verbs can have more than one meaning. In this cartoon, „drop off‟ means both „fall off‟ and „fall asleep‟. For example: 1) Drop off – similar to fall The boys dropped stones off the cliff 2) Drop off – fall asleep I dropped off while watching TV last night Here are another 3 possible meanings for this phrasal verb. 3) Drop off- gradually decline/ become less Sales dropped off at the end of the month 4) Drop off- stop somewhere for someone Could you drop me off at the station? 5) Drop off- stop and give something to someone Could you drop this letter off at the post office for me?EMOCIÓN Conceptualización Phrasal verbsare usually two-word phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition. Think of them as you would any other English vocabulary. Study them as you come across them,
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 2 de 5 rather than trying to memorize many at once. Use the list below as a reference guide when you find an expression that you dont recognize. The examples will help you understand the meanings. If you think of each phrasal verb as a separate verb with a specific meaning, you will be able to remember it more easily. Like many other verbs, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning. Producción Phrasal verbsare mainly used in spoken English and informal texts. (The more formal a conversation or text, the less phrasal verbs are found.) Phrasal verbs consist of a verb plus a particle (preposition, adverb). The particle can change the meaning of the verb completely, e.g.: look up – consult a reference book (look a word up in a dictionary) look for – seek (look for her ring) look forward – anticipate with pleasure (look forward to meeting someone) There are no rules that might explain how phrasal verbs are formed correctly - all you can do is look them up in a good dictionary and study their meanings. In our lists, you will find some frequently used phrasal verbs and their meanings. Frequently Used Phrasal Verbs with: break, bring, call, carry, come, do, fall, get, go, keep, look, make, put, run, set, take, turn Position of the Particle The particle is placed either after the verb or after the object. Example: Write down the word. / Write the word down. If the object is a pronoun, however, the particle has to be placed after the pronoun (object). Example: Writeitdown. Modelación Idiomatic usage It is, however, the figurative or idiomatic application in everyday speech which makes phrasal verbs so important: "I hope you will get over your operation quickly." The literal meaning of “to get over”, in the sense of “to climb over something to get to the other side”, is not relevant here. Here "get over" means "recover from" or "feel better". PHRASAL VERBS Transitive and intransitive phrasal verbsACCIÓN Phrasal verbs also differ in their transitivity or intransitivity in the same way as normal verbs do. A transitive verb always has an object. For example:-
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 3 de 5 “Many people walked across the bridge.” "Across" in this sentence is the preposition to "the bridge". An intransitive verb does not have an object. For example:- “When I entered the room he looked up.” "Up" here is an adverb, and does not have an object. Separable or inseparable phrasal verbs A further way of considering phrasal verbs is whether they are separable or inseparable. In inseparable verbs, the object comes after the particle. For example:- "She got on the bus ." "On weekdays, we look after our grandchildren." Separable verbs have several ways of separating verb, particle and object. Usually, the object comes between verb and particle. For example:- "She looked up the word in her dictionary." "She looked it up in her dictionary." However, with some separable verbs, the object can come before or after the particle. For example:- "Switch the light off." "Switch off the light." "Switch it off." !Note - There is usually no way of telling whether they are separable, inseparable, transitive or intransitive. In most cases you have to get a feel for them. Taller Choose the correct definition for each phrasal verb... Get along means... a. Leave b. Make great progressEVALUACION c. Make a quick visit Eat into means... a. Laugh, cry or clap loudly b. Deal with something
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 4 de 5 c. Use something valuable when you dont want toFreeze over means... a. Pass for or serve as b. Become covered with ice (lake, river, pond, etc) c. Remove small problems or irregularitiesLash out against means... a. Return somewhere b. Criticise something strongly c. Be electedStick out means... a. Extend part of your body b. Be friendly and spend time with someone c. Smarten up, improvePlant out means... a. Criticise someone strongly b. Reduce the price of something c. Put a young plant that has been grown in a pot or greenhouse into the groundThrow out means... a. Appear in court charged with a crime or offence b. Get money off someone c. DislocateFly into means... a. Accelerate rapidly from stationary b. Do something that should have been done earlier c. Change emotion quicklyKeep to means... a. Live with someone when you are in a relationship. b. Make a mistake, do badly, spoil c. Stay within limitsZoom out means... a. Focus less closely b. Make someone appear in court c. Enter computer data or textBibliografía
International School Cartagena CLASE Versión 00-12 Código FO-DC-01 Página 5 de 5I. Understanding and using grammar (1999). Third edition. Betty SchrampferAzar.II. The big picture (2011). Santillana Education. S.L Richmond Publishing.III. Top Notch (2011). Second Edition, Student book. Pearson Education, Inc.