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Elementos de la oracion y tipos

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  • 1. Universidad Nacional Experimental
    “Francisco de Miranda”
    Complejo Académico El Sabino
    MEDICINA-INGLES I
    ELEMENTOS DE
    LA ORACIÓN
    LICDA. EVELIN PEÑA
  • 2. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    ¿Qué es la oración?
    Es una palabra o grupo de palabras que componen una clase de relación sintáctica
    • Thetraingotheresafely
    • 3. Juan reads a novel
  • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    SUJETO
    PREDICADO
    Es de quien se habla en la oración, quien realiza la acción
    Es lo que se dice del sujeto
  • 4. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL SUJETO
    ¿Quién o qué realiza la acción?
    ¿De qué o quién se habla en la oración?
    Sujeto
    Carolina bought a car yesterday
    She bought a car yesterday
    Sujeto
  • 5. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL SUJETO
    Sustantivos
    Pronombres
    Personas, lugares, cosas, John, Asia, pen, information…
    Personales: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
    My friendenjoyedtheparty
    o
    s
    v
    Sustantivo
    Sustantivo
  • 6. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL SUJETO
    • John often comes late to class.
    • 7. My friend and I both have a dog named Spot.
    • 8. The old hotel at the end of the street is going to be knocked down to make way for a new supermarket.
    • 9. On Saturdays I never get up before 9 o'clock.
    • 10. Before giving a test the teacher should make sure that the students are well-prepared.
  • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL PREDICADO
    Es lo que se dice del sujeto
    Esta formado por el verbo y el complemento (objeto directo o indirecto)
    Carolina bought a car yesterday
    Predicado
    Shebought a car yesterday
  • 11. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL PREDICADO
    Johncried
    Subject = John Verb = cried
    Verbo intransitivo
    Verbo transitivo
    MarygivesJohnthe ball
    Subject = Mary Verb = gives Indirect Object = John Direct Object = the ball
  • 12. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL PREDICADO
  • 13. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    EL PREDICADO
    • John often comes late to class.
    • 14. My friend and I both have a dog named Spot.
    • 15. The old hotel at the end of the street is going to be knocked down to make way for a new supermarket.
    • 16. On Saturdays I never get up before 9 o'clock.
    • 17. Before giving a test the teacher should make sure that the students are well-prepared.
  • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    TIPOS DE ORACIONES
  • 18. TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    TIPOS DE ORACIONES
  • 19. TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    ORACIONES SIMPLES
    Una oración simple, se llama clausula independiente y tiene un sujeto un verbo, la cual expresa un pensamiento completo y con sentido
    A. Some students like to study in the mornings.B. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon.C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
  • 20. TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    ORACIONES COMPUESTAS
    Una oración compuesta, esta formada por dos clausulas independientes, separadas por un conector: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
    Itried to speak Spanish, andmy friend tried to speak English. 
    B.  Alejandroplayedfootball, so Mariawent shopping. 
  • 21. TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    ORACIONES COMPLEJAS
    Whenhehanded in his homework,heforgot to give the teacher the last page. 
    The teacher returned the homework aftershenoticed the error. 
    The students are studying becausetheyhave a test tomorrow.
    After theyfinished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. 
    Juan and Maria went to the movies aftertheyfinished studying.
    Una oración compleja, esta formada por una clausula independiente, unida a una o dos clausulas dependientes. Siempre tienen una subordinada como: because, since, after, although, o when o un pronombrerelativoscomo: that, who, or which
  • 22. TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
    ORACIONES COMPUESTAS-COMPLEJAS
    A. WhileMitchellprefers watching romantic films, herented the latest spy thriller, andheenjoyed it very much.
    Una oración compuesta-compleja, esta formada por una o dos clausulas independientes, unida a una o dos clausulas dependientes.
    B. Jhonforgot her friend's birthday, so hesent her a card whenhe finally remembered.
  • 23. ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
    Let’s
    practice!!!
  • 24. EJERCICIOS
    LET’S DO IT!!!
    1. Identifica cual es el tipo de oración (simple, compuesta, compleja, y compuesta-compleja) en las siguientes oraciones:
    a. We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.
    b. Even though he prefers to eat with a fork, he chooses to use chopsticks in Chinese restaurants; however, they aren't easy to use.
    c. Shelovesherbaby.
    d. We can go see a movie, or we can get something to eat.
    e. He doesn't like to get his teeth cleaned, but he knows that it's necessary.
    f. He'll be able to maintain a healthy weight if he keeps exercising.

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