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Elementos de la oracion y tipos
 

Elementos de la oracion y tipos

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    Elementos de la oracion y tipos Elementos de la oracion y tipos Presentation Transcript

    • Universidad Nacional Experimental
      “Francisco de Miranda”
      Complejo Académico El Sabino
      MEDICINA-INGLES I
      ELEMENTOS DE
      LA ORACIÓN
      LICDA. EVELIN PEÑA
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      ¿Qué es la oración?
      Es una palabra o grupo de palabras que componen una clase de relación sintáctica
      • Thetraingotheresafely
      • Juan reads a novel
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      SUJETO
      PREDICADO
      Es de quien se habla en la oración, quien realiza la acción
      Es lo que se dice del sujeto
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL SUJETO
      ¿Quién o qué realiza la acción?
      ¿De qué o quién se habla en la oración?
      Sujeto
      Carolina bought a car yesterday
      She bought a car yesterday
      Sujeto
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL SUJETO
      Sustantivos
      Pronombres
      Personas, lugares, cosas, John, Asia, pen, information…
      Personales: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
      My friendenjoyedtheparty
      o
      s
      v
      Sustantivo
      Sustantivo
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL SUJETO
      • John often comes late to class.
      • My friend and I both have a dog named Spot.
      • The old hotel at the end of the street is going to be knocked down to make way for a new supermarket.
      • On Saturdays I never get up before 9 o'clock.
      • Before giving a test the teacher should make sure that the students are well-prepared.
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL PREDICADO
      Es lo que se dice del sujeto
      Esta formado por el verbo y el complemento (objeto directo o indirecto)
      Carolina bought a car yesterday
      Predicado
      Shebought a car yesterday
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL PREDICADO
      Johncried
      Subject = John Verb = cried
      Verbo intransitivo
      Verbo transitivo
      MarygivesJohnthe ball
      Subject = Mary Verb = gives Indirect Object = John Direct Object = the ball
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL PREDICADO
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      EL PREDICADO
      • John often comes late to class.
      • My friend and I both have a dog named Spot.
      • The old hotel at the end of the street is going to be knocked down to make way for a new supermarket.
      • On Saturdays I never get up before 9 o'clock.
      • Before giving a test the teacher should make sure that the students are well-prepared.
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      TIPOS DE ORACIONES
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      TIPOS DE ORACIONES
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      ORACIONES SIMPLES
      Una oración simple, se llama clausula independiente y tiene un sujeto un verbo, la cual expresa un pensamiento completo y con sentido
      A. Some students like to study in the mornings.B. Juan and Arturo play football every afternoon.C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      ORACIONES COMPUESTAS
      Una oración compuesta, esta formada por dos clausulas independientes, separadas por un conector: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
      Itried to speak Spanish, andmy friend tried to speak English. 
      B.  Alejandroplayedfootball, so Mariawent shopping. 
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      ORACIONES COMPLEJAS
      Whenhehanded in his homework,heforgot to give the teacher the last page. 
      The teacher returned the homework aftershenoticed the error. 
      The students are studying becausetheyhave a test tomorrow.
      After theyfinished studying, Juan and Maria went to the movies. 
      Juan and Maria went to the movies aftertheyfinished studying.
      Una oración compleja, esta formada por una clausula independiente, unida a una o dos clausulas dependientes. Siempre tienen una subordinada como: because, since, after, although, o when o un pronombrerelativoscomo: that, who, or which
    • TIPOS DE ORACIÓN
      ORACIONES COMPUESTAS-COMPLEJAS
      A. WhileMitchellprefers watching romantic films, herented the latest spy thriller, andheenjoyed it very much.
      Una oración compuesta-compleja, esta formada por una o dos clausulas independientes, unida a una o dos clausulas dependientes.
      B. Jhonforgot her friend's birthday, so hesent her a card whenhe finally remembered.
    • ELEMENTOS DE LA ORACIÓN
      Let’s
      practice!!!
    • EJERCICIOS
      LET’S DO IT!!!
      1. Identifica cual es el tipo de oración (simple, compuesta, compleja, y compuesta-compleja) en las siguientes oraciones:
      a. We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong.
      b. Even though he prefers to eat with a fork, he chooses to use chopsticks in Chinese restaurants; however, they aren't easy to use.
      c. Shelovesherbaby.
      d. We can go see a movie, or we can get something to eat.
      e. He doesn't like to get his teeth cleaned, but he knows that it's necessary.
      f. He'll be able to maintain a healthy weight if he keeps exercising.