Some rights reserved by spinning jenny
Access to Africa’s
knowledge
Publishing development research and
measuring value
Eve Gray (2010):Access to Africa’s Knowledge:
Publishing Development Research and MeasuringValue.
The African Journal of I...
What does Africa seek
to gain from its
investment in research?
ʻHow could the application of knowledge end
poverty and hunger in Africa? How could higher
education empower women and pro...
Some rights reserved by mrhayata
Higher education at a
crossroads?
Information and
communication
technology offers new
promise
Higher access, higher
quality, lower
cost
but we are still caught
up with old paradigms...
“Over the last few decades, some things
have not changed.There’s been no
significant break in relations of knowledge
produc...
there is a penalty...
In essence, what is being defined as ‘knowledge society’
means two different things to the developed world and
the African ...
National policies tend to
favour what Sir John Daniel at
the UNESCO conference
called ‘poles of superior quality’
rather t...
We measure impact factors
and citations in a highly
competitive and exclusionary
system
controlled by commercial
companies...
Science Research
http://www.worldmapper.org
2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michig...
We ask for research to
resolve development
challenges, help achieve
the Millennium Goals...
... even as the policy-makers
and international agencies
require journal articles and
patents as a measure of
success....
Some rights reserved by AMagill
..and offer little support
and recognition to the
publications that emerge
from development-focused
research.
Some rights reserved by stuartpilbrow
Is the problem what is being
produced, or what is being
measured?
It is not that our policy-
makers do not see the
problem...
Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World
Conference on Higher Education 2009
Our universities, in
particular, should be
directing thei...
But we are stuck in a
free rider mentality...
in which higher
education does not see
publication as its
responsibility.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
The result is tunnel
vision
which ignores all but a
small segment of the
publishing ecosystem..
the formal publishing
that does not work
very well for us...
Open
access is an
answer
Text
• Builds on collaboration and a
tradition of collegiality
• Depends upon sharing rather than
proprietorship, access r...
overcoming distribution
and access barriers
and working across
the whole ecosystem
Commercial publishing -
journals
offers citation impact,
global prestige, access,
reach...
and freedom to reuse
content for ‘translation’
of research...
Text
Books
Cooperative publishing
platforms
help reduce the South
to North knowledge
gap
South African national open
access initiative
and building the quality
and accessibility of
national journals...
Repositories profile the whole
range of scholarship
African research centres
produce research that
addresses vital
development needs
How do we develop
value systems, rewards
and recognition to
support development
Eve Gray
Honorary Research Associate
Centre for Educational Technology
University of Cape Town
http://www.gray-area.co.za
...
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
Publishing Development Research and Adding Value
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Publishing Development Research and Adding Value

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A presentation made at the UNESCO workshop on Open Access in Africa, Pretoria, 22-23 November 2010, co-sponsored by the Academy of Science of South Africa and EiFL

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Publishing Development Research and Adding Value

  1. Some rights reserved by spinning jenny Access to Africa’s knowledge Publishing development research and measuring value
  2. Eve Gray (2010):Access to Africa’s Knowledge: Publishing Development Research and MeasuringValue. The African Journal of Information and Communication Thematic Issue on A2K in Africa, Issue 10 2009/ 2010 http://link.wits.ac.za/journal/journal.html
  3. What does Africa seek to gain from its investment in research?
  4. ʻHow could the application of knowledge end poverty and hunger in Africa? How could higher education empower women and promote gender equity? How can knowledge be considered in the African context to address child mortality and improve maternal health?ʼ Nahas Angula, Namibian Prime Minister, UNESCO 29th Conference on Higher Education, 2009 Photo: coda Damien du Toit http://www.flickr.com/photos/coda/ Creative Commons Share-Alike
  5. Some rights reserved by mrhayata
  6. Higher education at a crossroads?
  7. Information and communication technology offers new promise
  8. Higher access, higher quality, lower cost
  9. but we are still caught up with old paradigms...
  10. “Over the last few decades, some things have not changed.There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras.African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2009
  11. there is a penalty...
  12. In essence, what is being defined as ‘knowledge society’ means two different things to the developed world and the African continent.The former are the producers and the latter are the consumers of knowledge, which seriously undermines the fostering of the multicultural nature of Higher Education, as virtually all partnerships are one-sided.This is not only negative for the African continent, but it also deprives global higher education of access to the indigenous knowledge of Africa, and it deprives Africans of the opportunity to develop their indigenous knowledge system and strengthen their relationship to western and eastern knowledge systems. Blade Nzimande, Minister of Higher Education and Training, South Africa
  13. National policies tend to favour what Sir John Daniel at the UNESCO conference called ‘poles of superior quality’ rather than ‘the public good’
  14. We measure impact factors and citations in a highly competitive and exclusionary system
  15. controlled by commercial companies...
  16. Science Research http://www.worldmapper.org 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  17. We ask for research to resolve development challenges, help achieve the Millennium Goals...
  18. ... even as the policy-makers and international agencies require journal articles and patents as a measure of success....
  19. Some rights reserved by AMagill
  20. ..and offer little support and recognition to the publications that emerge from development-focused research.
  21. Some rights reserved by stuartpilbrow
  22. Is the problem what is being produced, or what is being measured?
  23. It is not that our policy- makers do not see the problem...
  24. Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2009 Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their research should be measured by how much difference it makes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications.
  25. But we are stuck in a free rider mentality...
  26. in which higher education does not see publication as its responsibility.
  27. http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
  28. The result is tunnel vision
  29. which ignores all but a small segment of the publishing ecosystem..
  30. the formal publishing that does not work very well for us...
  31. Open access is an answer
  32. Text • Builds on collaboration and a tradition of collegiality • Depends upon sharing rather than proprietorship, access rather than protection • Efficiencies and economies of collaborative development • Networked rather than hierarchical structures The ethos of OA
  33. overcoming distribution and access barriers
  34. and working across the whole ecosystem
  35. Commercial publishing - journals
  36. offers citation impact, global prestige, access, reach...
  37. and freedom to reuse content for ‘translation’ of research...
  38. Text Books
  39. Cooperative publishing platforms
  40. help reduce the South to North knowledge gap
  41. South African national open access initiative
  42. and building the quality and accessibility of national journals...
  43. Repositories profile the whole range of scholarship
  44. African research centres produce research that addresses vital development needs
  45. How do we develop value systems, rewards and recognition to support development
  46. Eve Gray Honorary Research Associate Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://www.gray-area.co.za http://www.http://www.sca2kafrica.org/ http://www.cet.uct.ac.za
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