Open Access Week 2009 University of the Western Cape

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A seminar on the strategic advantages of open access for university researchers and their institutions. The University of the Western Cape, Open Access Week, October 2009

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  • Great presentation. This should be shared with the ICSU-World Data System (WDS)
    Bernard Minster (Chair, WDS-Scientific Committee)
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Open Access Week 2009 University of the Western Cape

  1. 1. Putting South African Research on the Map <ul><li>Open Access Day </li></ul><ul><li>University of the Western Cape </li></ul><ul><li>21 October 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Eve Gray </li></ul>Photo: Kudumomo
  2. 2. Open Access as a tool for researchers
  3. 3. Eve Gray Honorary Research Associate Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area
  4. 5. The aim in Open Access week - African knowledge, for Africa, from Africa, widely accessible...
  5. 6. Is this the case now? <ul><li>Are we stuck in an outdated paradigm? </li></ul>
  6. 7. “ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2009
  7. 8. Science Research - articles published http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  8. 9. Unequal global knowledge relations <ul><li>Africa produces around 3% of books published, but consumes around 12%. </li></ul><ul><li>Africa produced 0.4% of online content in 2002 – if South Africa is excluded, 0.02%. </li></ul><ul><li>Does this really mean that African research has nothing to say? </li></ul>
  9. 10. ... What we do have a lot of is poverty
  10. 11. http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). Human poverty
  11. 12. The dilemma for researchers - scholar or public intellectual? Photo: Kudumomo
  12. 13. Right now we are driven by reward systems linked to ‘publication counts’.... citation counts,
  13. 14. ... behind this is a commercial system seeking ever-stronger IP to ensure control over content for maximum profits.. .
  14. 15. Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their research should be measured by how much difference it makes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications. Speech at the Women in Science Awards, August 2009
  15. 16. [There is] the need for an education and training system that fosters the values of social solidarity and caring, in order to confront the ideological companion of neo-liberalism, that of promoting greed and selfishness...
  16. 17. Can Open Access help achieve these goals?
  17. 18. <ul><li>Builds on collaboration and a tradition of collegiality </li></ul><ul><li>Depends upon sharing rather than proprietorship, access rather than protection </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiencies and economies of collaborative development Networked rather than hierarchical structures </li></ul><ul><li>Networked rather than hierarchical structures </li></ul>The ethos of OA
  18. 19. Information on Open Access
  19. 20. What is Open Access? <ul><li>Free and immediate availability on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Allowing users to read, download, copy, distribute, print.... </li></ul><ul><li>Without unnecessary financial, legal, technical barriers </li></ul><ul><li>But with author control of the integrity of work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited </li></ul>
  20. 21. Advantages of Open Access <ul><li>Substantial increase in reach and impact, particularly for developing country publications </li></ul><ul><li>Openness decreases the risk of duplication, removal of competition makes science less wasteful </li></ul><ul><li>Science made faster, speeds up the solution of urgent development needs </li></ul><ul><li>Wider reach of research, better returns for research investment </li></ul><ul><li>Better monitoring, assessment and management of research </li></ul>
  21. 22. How does Open Access work?
  22. 23. Open Access repositories <ul><li>Digital collections of the outputs created within a university or research institution </li></ul><ul><li>Can be subject based or institutional </li></ul><ul><li>Used to enhance the profile of the institution and individual researchers </li></ul>
  23. 24. World map of repositories http://maps.repository66.org /
  24. 25. Directory of repositories http://www.opendoar.org /
  25. 26. How to have your cake and eat it...
  26. 27. The ‘green route’
  27. 28. The benefits for the researcher <ul><li>Much wider access to journal articles, removal of cost barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of access, leading to higher citations, more impact </li></ul><ul><li>Still linked to the prestige of major journals </li></ul>
  28. 29. Using repositories to profile a wider range of research
  29. 30. Profiling authors
  30. 31. Open access journals
  31. 32. 4,000 open access journals listed, all peer reviewed and quality controlled
  32. 33. ... and listed in the citation indexes..
  33. 34. OA journals part of SA national policy
  34. 35. Open Access for institutional profiling
  35. 37. This approach has proved very effective in profiling HSRC research worldwide
  36. 38. Can we conquer the world and create our own vision of what excellence means in South African research?

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