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OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development
 

OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development

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A paper delivered at the UNISA Open Access Seminar, 23 October 2013. ...

A paper delivered at the UNISA Open Access Seminar, 23 October 2013.
The paper argues that in a developing world context, and particularly in Africa, the narrow focus of conventional OA arguments on journal articles and an emphasis on the impact factor has been counterproductive. A wider approach, incorporating transformative uses of scholarly outputs for policy development and teaching and learning would be more appropriate.

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  • Institutional repositoriesSubject repositoriesRegional or world archives
  • The geopolitics of the impact factor and the marginalisation of developing country research Increasingly, I see this as the real problem, the single factor that most needs dealing with, largely because it creates an impenetrable barrier between strategy and reward systems
  • 2011 – November Endorsed by member nationsThere will probably be regional workshops The IDS online dialogue
  • Access to publicly funded research – read in the UN Declaration rights to scientific knoweldge,
  • The EC links this to regional research infrastructure development that in turn supports communication – a lesson for SADC? The problem in the South – research funds are limited, there is a very high level of dependency on donor funding, which is short term, Where does the money come from? Will a more open system that allows government to get a comprehensive view of what is being achieved lead to more investment?
  • OA for development impact, ‘transformational research
  • The EC links this to regional research infrastructure development that in turn supports communication – a lesson for SADC? The problem in the South – research funds are limited, there is a very high level of dependency on donor funding, which is short term, Where does the money come from? Will a more open system that allows government to get a comprehensive view of what is being achieved lead to more investment?

OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development OA 2013 - A Broader Vision of Open Access for Development Presentation Transcript

  • OA 2013: A broader world vision for Open Access for development UNISA Open Scholarship Seminar Open Access Week 23 October 2013 AttributionNoncommercialShare Alike Some rights reserved by Angry Asian Librarian
  • The beginning of Open Access, in Budapest in 2002…
  • The Budapest Open Access Initiative An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet... Budapest Open Access Initiative
  • A good strong definition of OA…
  • By “open access” to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. (BOAI 2002)
  • Two models emerged – the ‘Green route’ …
  • …leading to policies and mandates for the deposit of journal pre-prints and post-prints in institutional repositories…
  • … or the ‘gold route’ of open access journal publishing… AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ENOUGH Project
  • …which has had its successes in the developing world…
  • Brazil with its SciELO platform is now the second biggest producer of OA journals in the world Alperin et al., 2008, Open access and scholarly publishing in Latin America: ten flavours and a few reflections revista.ibict.br/liinc/index.php/liinc/article/vie
  • but less so in Africa…
  • …where technical platforms have been promoted as the easy solution…
  • Is this a case of tunnel vision? http://www.flickr.com/photos/adactio/ CC attribution licence
  • We have tended to base our advocacy for OA on the potential for increased impact in ‘mainstream’ ‘international’ journals..
  • …a competitive system in which the rules are weighted agains the developing world… Attribution Some rights reserved by Will Clayton
  • …like the Times Higher Education university rankings …
  • … the real problem has to more to do with promotion and reward systems… AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by ayomide!
  • ..particularly our reliance on the ISI Impact Factor…
  • Real impact? AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by emily_mas
  • So, one might ask, ten years later how much has really changed as a result of OA? Peter Murray Rust, #openaccess 10 years on; can we say “This is for everyone”? http://blogs.ch.cam.ac.uk/pmr/2013/10/
  • The outcome of our tunnel vision…
  • …at the same time as we seek development impact for our research production…
  • Something we have in fact delivered on for a long time…
  • ..and fail to deliver to our government’s satisfaction…
  • Our universities, in particular, should be directing their research focus to address the development and social needs of our communities. The impact of their research should be measured by how much difference it makes to the needs of our communities, rather than by just how many international citations researchers receive in their publications. Blade Nzimande, SA Minster of Higher Education and Training, Women in Science Awards. 2010
  • ..or deliver to our university vision..
  • “Towards the African university in the service of humanity”
  • …although in South Africa we have demonstrated the power of open social science book publishing through a science council…
  • …internationally, the born OA journals are helping address the marginal status of developing country research…
  • …and the megajournals offer new solutions to our capacity dilemmas and link journal articles to wider content and altmetrics..
  • The principles…research must be replicable, reusable, data must be capable of being mined, relevant research outputs must be linked to the core article…
  • Globally, things are changing…
  • We used to be a bunch of activists, planning the flight path of Open Access … iCommons 2008 Photo: Eve Gray 2008- CC-BY
  • …but now OA policy is in the mainstream…
  • Attribution Some rights reserved by James Cridland
  • UNESCO
  • … a human rights approach … AttributionNoncommercialNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by riac
  • EC Horizon 2020
  • …investment in open research and open data…
  • ...with a vision of the power of regional open networked science… Attribution Some rights reserved by Anthony_Joel
  • UK Policy Initiatives AttributionNoncommercial Some rights reserved by daniel.d.slee
  • The Finch Committee goes for gold http://www.researchinfonet.org/publish/finch/
  • .. provoking fierce arguments…
  • AttributionNo Derivative Works Some rights reserved by Tambako the Jaguar
  • … for us, the cost of APCs remains problem – and who is going to pay for and handle this? AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  • …major funders and government agencies insisting that publicly funded research must be openly available…
  • …with availability not only to scholars but to businesses and the broader public…
  • … major international agencies link OA policies to direct development impact…
  • … and the latest adherent, a large agricultural research co-operative …
  • …mandating the use of the most open of the Creative Commons licences – CC-BY…
  • …offering a treasure trove of policy and data management guidelines…
  • New models emerging for scholarly books, like Knowledge Unlatched …
  • The central messages…
  • …we have to take control of research dissemination and pay fo this… AttributionShare Alike Some rights reserved by 401(K) 2012
  • … we need a wider range of quality and impact measures
  • ...the ‘three pillars’ of the university research mission become a continuum – OA, OERs and ‘community engagement’…
  • Eve Gray Scholarly Communication in Africa Programme University of Cape Town Centre for Educational Technology IP Law and Policy Research Unit University of Cape Town http://www.gray-area.co.za Twitter: graysouth