Creative Commons Workshop for FAIFE, Bloemfontein 2009:
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Creative Commons Workshop for FAIFE, Bloemfontein 2009:

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A presentation on Creative Commons licences for a workshop of the Committee on Free Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) at the annual conference of the Library Association of......

A presentation on Creative Commons licences for a workshop of the Committee on Free Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) at the annual conference of the Library Association of South Africa (LIASA), September 2009.

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  • 1. Copyleft - enclosing the commons
    • LIASA-FAIFE Workshop
    • Bloemfontein
    • 29 September 2009
    • Eve Gray
  • 2. The aim - African knowledge, for Africa, from Africa, widely accessible...
  • 3. ... but this is not the case now...
  • 4. http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). Books published
  • 5. Unequal global knowledge relations
    • Africa produces around 3% of books published, but consumes around 12%.
    • Africa produced 0.4% of online content in 2002 – if South Africa is excluded, 0.02%.
    • Does this really mean that African research has nothing to say?
  • 6. Science Research - articles published http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  • 7. ... What we do have a lot of is poverty
  • 8. http://www.worldmapper.org © Copyright 2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan). Human poverty
  • 9. Why are we not more effective in getting African knowledge to work for our own needs?
  • 10. The context is a scarcity model...print books...
  • 11. In the wake of the growth of the knowledge economy, post WWII...
  • 12. Commercialisation of publishing....
  • 13. ... and massive media consolidation
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16. ... leading to profit-seeking companies as big as some countries... The Top 200 corporations' combined sales are bigger than the combined economies of all countries minus the biggest 10. http://www.globalissues.org/article/59/corporate-power-facts-and-stats
  • 17. ...seeking ever-stronger IP to ensure their control over content for maximum profits.. .
  • 18. Developing countries pushed to the margins...
  • 19. “ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” “ Over the last few decades, some things have not changed. There’s been no significant break in relations of knowledge production between the colonial and post-colonial eras. African universities are essentially consumers of knowledge produced in developed countries.” Blade Nzimande, UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education 2009
  • 20.  
  • 21. Can Creative Commons licences help?
  • 22.
    • Builds on collaboration and a tradition of collegiality Depends upon sharing rather than proprietorship, access rather than protection Efficiencies and economies of collaborative development Networked rather than hierarchical structures
    • Networked rather than hierarchical structures
    The ethos of OA
  • 23. Advantages of Open Access
    • Substantial increase in reach and impact, particularly for developing country publications
    • Openness decreases the risk of duplication, removal of competition makes science less wasteful
    • Science made faster, speeds up the solution of urgent development needs
    • Wider reach of research, better returns for research investment
    • Better monitoring, assessment and management of research
  • 24.  
  • 25. This approach has proved very effective in profiling HSRC research worldwide
  • 26. Eve Gray Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area Eve Gray Centre for Educational Technology University of Cape Town http://blogs.uct.ac.za/blog/gray-area