WINE TOURS                                                    pag. 3     The wines frim the Quijote’s Land                ...
WINES AND GASTRONOMY AT LA RIOJA                                                        group to San Millán deDAY 1 – AIRP...
THE WINES FROM RIBERA DEL DUERO AND RUEDA WINES                                                     Guided visit of the mo...
centuries, as well as exceptional fusion between       Transportation to Madrid. Dinner and overnight atthe city and its b...
GALICIA: RÍAS BAIXASDAY 1 – AIRPORT – RÍAS BAIXAS                         Transportation of the group to Hotel. Dinner and...
CANTABRIADAY 1 – AIRPORT – CASTRO URDIALES –                  only can visit a replica of the original due it’s notSANTILL...
THE AMAZING LIVE OF MIGUEL DE CERVANTESDAY 1 – MADRID – ALCALÁ D HENARES                      Breakfast at the Hotel. We w...
one of the most visited sites in the world, and it is   national museum of 20th century art (informallyconsidered to be am...
SEFARAD WAYS IN SPAINDAY 1 – BARCELONA                                        town features arcaded streets and squares an...
DAY 3 – BARCELONA – LOGROÑO                           Afternoon visit of Lavapiés, the Jewish Quarter ofBreakfast at the H...
The Jews of Ávila were mainly involved in craft-        scant data about its presence. They are familiesbased activity, pa...
MUSLIN HERITAGE AT SOUTH SPAIN: MAGIC ANDALUSIADAY 1 - SEVILLA                                           was registered in...
DAY 4 – CORDOBA – GRANADA                               Ghayyat, Isaac ibn Albalia, and Joseph ibnBreakfast at the Hotel. ...
The Generalife is a pleasure palace with attached    city. Its construction began during the Spanishromantic gardens, rema...
   Agrum Services is a Trade Mark.   All the tours are original and registred. So nay difussion must be penalized by Spa...
Tours 2013
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Tours 2013


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Tours 2013

  1. 1. WINE TOURS pag. 3 The wines frim the Quijote’s Land pag. 3 Wines and Gastronomy at La Rioja pag. 4 The wines from ribera del duero and rueda wines pag. 5CULTURAL TOURS pag. 3 World’s heritage cities in spain pag. 6 Historical cities from madrid pag. 6 Galicia: rías baixas pag. 8 Cantabria pag. 9 The amazing live of Miguel de Cervantes pag. 10 The great painters of Spain: Picasso, Miro, Dali, Goya and Velazquez. The most important museums and collections in Spain pag. 11 Sefarad ways in Spain pag. 13 Muslin heritage at South Spain: Magic Andalusia pag. 16
  2. 2. THE WINES FROM THE QUIJOTE’S LANDDAY 1 – MADRID – ALARCÓN DAY 3 – ALARCÓN – ALCAZAR DE SAN JUÁN – ELArrival of the group at the Madrid’s Airport and TOBOSO – MOTA DEL CUERVO – BELMONTE –meeting with the assistance and a coach. ALARCÓNTransportation to Alarcón, a medieval city in the Breakfast at Hotel. Transportation of the group tomiddle of La Mancha, the Quijote’s land. know the most pure Quijote’s route. Arrival of theCheck in at the Hotel. group to Alcazar de San Juán and visit to theFree time to visit the Castle of S. VIII, authentic Bodegas Viñasoro. We continued our visit until Elmedieval strength, is based in a meander of the Toboso, the famous town of the Don Quijote’sJúcar river, on a promontory in you are contiguous lovely muse, Dulcinea. Visit to the Bodega Fincaof La Mancha. The architecture of the Castle Venta de Don Quijote. Lunch on a local restaurant(nowadays is a Parador), which occupies the at El Toboso.medieval castle of the Marquises of Villena, is the Our next stop will be at Mota del Cuervo, whereresult of more than three centuries of history. you can see the famous mills of La Mancha.Founded by the Muslims in the 8th century, it was The last stop of the day will be Belmonte, where captured by King you can visit the famous Castle. Alfonso VIII in the Transportation of the group to Alarcón and the 12th century. Hotel. Dinner and overnight. Inhabited by the notable man of DAY 4 – ALARCÓN – CUENCA – ALARCÓN literature Don Juan Breakfast at the Hotel and full day visit to Cuenca, Manuel, it has been declared World’s Heritage by UNESCO in 1996.the scene of sieges and revolts. With a local guide we will go round the Old city,Dinner at the Hotel and overnight. visiting the Cathedral, the first Gothic cathedral of Spain, the marvellous landscape of the Hoces delDAY 2 – ALARCÓN – VILLAROBLEDO – LA RODA – Río Júcar and the Typical Casas Colgadas (PendingPOZAMARGO – ALARCON Houses).Breakfast at the Hotel and pick up with the Lunch at the restaurant situated at the Casasassistance at the lobby of the Hotel. Colgadas.This day is dedicated to do part of the route of the Free time to discover the city. And at theQuijote based on the most important wine cellars indicated time, transportation of the group toof La Mancha. Alarcón and the Hotel. Special goodbye dinner.First, the group will visit the town of Villarobledo, Overnight.named in the famous book of Miguel de Cervantes“El Quijote”, where they can visit the most famous DAY 5 – ALARCÓN –wine cellars: Bodegas Martínez Sáez. MADRID’S AIRPORTLunch at the town of La Roda, with a menu based Breakfast at the Hotel.on a typical cuisine. Transportation of theWe continued our route visiting the Bodegas group to the Airport.Illana. Arrival and end of ourOur last stop of the day will be at the town of services.Pozamargo, for visit Bodegas Casa Gualda whichwine is imported to USA.Transportation of the group to Alarcón and dinnerat the Hotel. Overnight.
  3. 3. WINES AND GASTRONOMY AT LA RIOJA group to San Millán deDAY 1 – AIRPORT – LOGROÑO la Cogolla, theArrival of the group at the Airport and meeting Monastery where thewith the assistance and a coach. language Spanish wasTransportation to Logroño. Arrival at the Hotel, born. This monasterydinner and overnight. was declared on 1997 a World’s Heritage by UNESCO.DAY 2 – LOGROÑO Lunch in a typical restaurant.Breakfast at the Hotel. The all day will be dedicated At the afternoon, visit to Nájera and thisto visit the city and the most important wine monastery Santa María la Real.cellars, like Bodegas Juan Alcorta, Bodega Olarra Transportation to Lorgoño and the Hotel. Dinnerand Bodegas Ontañón. Lunch in a typical and During the afternoon, we will visit thecity with a local guide. DAY 4 – LOGROÑO – ELCIEGO – HARO –Transportation to the Hotel. Dinner and overnight. LAGUARDIA – LOGROÑO Breakfast at the Hotel. Full day dedicated to know the most important wine cellars of La Rioja. Our first stop will be Elciego where we can visit the Bodegas Pago de Larrea and Bodegas Marques de Riscal which Hotel was designed by Frank O. Gehry. Transportation of the group to Haro and visit of Bodegas Cvune. Lunch at local restaurant. And our last stop will be Laguardia and visit to Bodegas Campillo. Way back to Logroño and to the Hotel. Dinner andDAY 3 – LOGROÑO- SANTO DOMINGO DE LA overnight.CALZADA – SAN MILLÁN DE LA COGOLLA –NÁJERA – LOGROÑO DAY 5 – LOGROÑO – AIRPORTBreakfast at the Hotel. This day is dedicated to Breakfast at the Hotel and transportation to thetravel across the Camino de Santiago. Our first stop Airport.will be Santo Domingo de la Calzada, where we will End of our services.visit its famous Cathedral. Transportation of the
  4. 4. THE WINES FROM RIBERA DEL DUERO AND RUEDA WINES Guided visit of the monumental city center andDAY 1 – MADRID - VALLADOLID lunch on a typical restaurant.Arrival of the group to Madrid’s Airport and meet Our visit will take us to Rueda, where we can visitwith the guide and the bus. the Bodegas Grupo Yllera. Then we can visitTransportation to Valladolid and to the Hotel. Medina del Campo and the BodegasDinner and overnight. Montepedroso. Back to Valladolid and to the Hotel, dinner and overnight. DAY 4 – VALLADOLID – MADRID Breakfast at the Hotel and transportation of the group to Madrid and to the Airport. End of our services.DAY 2 – VALLADOLID – SARDÓN DE DUERO –VALBUENA DE DUERO – PEÑAFIEL – VALLADOLIDBreakfast at the Hotel and full day visit to thewine cellars of the Ribera del Duero situated onValladolid.Our first stop will be Sarón de Duero where wecan visit Bodega Abadia Retuerta. Our next stopwill be Valbuena de Duero, where we will visitBodegas Lleiroso and Bodegas Matarromera.Arrival of the group to Peñafiel and lunch at atypical restaurant. During the afternoon, visit tothe Wine Museum, situated at the Castle ofPeñafiel.Back to Valladolid, dinner and overnight.DAY 3 – VALLADOLID – TORDESILLAS- RUEDA-MEDINA DEL CAMPO – VALLADOLIDBreakfast at the Hotel.This day will show us the wines from Rueda.Transportation of the group to Tordesillas, one ofthe most important cities of the Spanish History.
  5. 5. WORLD’S HERITAGE CITIES IN SPAINHISTORICAL CITIES FROM MADRIDDAY 1 – AIRPORT - MADRID Guided visit of Segovia.Arrival of the group to the Airport and pick up Segovia is a tourist city par excellence: the Romanwith the guide assistance and the coach. aqueduct, medieval Alcázar and proud CathedralTransportation of the group to hotel. Check in at are its best-known monuments, in addition toHotel. Dinner and overnight. numerous Romanesque Churches, evocate medieval neighbourhoods, charming museumsDAY 2 – MADRID AND ALCALÁ DE HENARES, the and renowned of Cervantes. Transportation to Madrid. Dinner and overnight atBreakfast at Hotel and time to get ready. Pick up hotel.of the group at hall of hotel and guided visit ofMadrid. DAY 4 – TOLEDO, the Imperial city.With a local guide, we discover the most Breakfast at hotel. Full day visit to Toledo.artistically and historical Madrid. Its old town features the highest density ofLunch in a typical restaurant with a menu based monuments-buildingson tapas. And at the afternoon, transportation of in the world, amongthe group to Alcalá de Henares, birth place of which it goes aboutCervantes. This city was very important during the its business.Middle Age due that was one of the University Toledo is a key pieceCity of Spain, including Salamanca. making up the spiritWay back to Madrid and Hotel. Dinner and of human kind. Itovernight. therefore always appears bothDAY 3 – AVILA AND SEGOVIA, roman and Middle impenetrable and close.Age steeps. Lunch on typical restaurant with a menu based onBreakfast at Hotel. The all day will be dedicated to Castilian dishes.follow the steeps of the History. Our first stop will Free time to discover Toledo and transportationbe Avila, one of the most important cities during of the group to Madrid. Dinner and overnight at the Middle Age, hotel. where during centuries 3 DAY 5 – CUENCA, between the rocks and the cultures lived river. together: Muslim Breakfast at hotel and transportation of the group culture, Jewish for an all day visit to Cuenca. culture and The city’s most outstanding feature is its beauty, Christian culture. arising, on the one hand, from the harmonyWalls, houses, palaces, churches and convents between nature andmake up the rich artistic heritage of this architecture, and on themonumental side, the result of an enriching other, from its long history,historic past centred on the different cultures. which has left an importantHistory, art, mysticism, traditions, gastronomy cultural and monumentaland nature come together to offer visitors an legacy.enriching stay in Ávila. Its magnificently preservedTransportation of the group to Segovia and typical original townscape,lunch at the restaurant Mesón de Cádido, known medieval fort, its rich civilall over the World for his famous rousted pork. and religious architecture from the 12th – 18th
  6. 6. centuries, as well as exceptional fusion between Transportation to Madrid. Dinner and overnight atthe city and its beautiful natural surroundings, led its being declared a UNESCO World Heritagecity in 1996. DAY 6 – MADRID – AIRPORTLunch at the restaurant of the Pending Houses, Breakfast at Hotel. Check out and pick up of thethe most typical buildings of the city. (Available group at Hotel’s hall. Transportation to Airportfor groups till 30 people). and end of our services.
  7. 7. GALICIA: RÍAS BAIXASDAY 1 – AIRPORT – RÍAS BAIXAS Transportation of the group to Hotel. Dinner andArrival of the group to the Airport and pick up overnight.with the guide assistance and the coach.Transportation of the DAY 4 - VIGOGroup to hotel. Check in at Hotel. Dinner and Breakfast at Hotel. We will spend the day in Vigo,overnight. the biggest city of Galicia and where we can visit the famous “Mercado daDAY 2 – PONTEVEDRA – POIO – COMBARRO Pedra” (Stone Market)Breakfast at Hotel. Morning dedicated to visit where you can taste thePontevedra with a local guide including the ticket famous oysters. Lunch onadmission to Region Museum hosted on a 17th a typical restaurant. Freecentury palace. Lunch on a local restaurant. At the time in Vigo for shopping.afternoon, visit to Poio, where we can visit the Transportation to HotelMonastery of San Xoán (Saint John) and the town for dinner and overnight.of Combarro where you can discover the typicalconstruction called HÓRREO, a small part of the DAY 5 – SANTIAGO –typical Galician farm. PADRÓN – AROUSATransportation of the group to Hotel. Dinner and ISLANDovernight. Breakfast at Hotel. Transportation to Santiago de Compostela, one of the most famous pilgrimage cities of the Christian culture that was declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1985. This is the end of the Saint James way and a meeting place of the Western faith. With a local guide we can discover this millenary city. Lunch on a local restaurant. At the afternoon, visit to Padrón the birthplace of Rosalía de Castro, one of the most importantDAY 3 – A TOXA – O’GROVE – CAMBADOS – writers of Spain, and Camilo José Cela, the onlySANXENXO writer of Spain that was win the Nobel’s LiteratureBreakfast at Hotel. Departure of the group to A Reward. We will continue to Arouse Island.Toxa, the spa area of Galicia. We will continue to Transportation of the group to Hotel. Dinner andO’Grove, port area and traditional fisherman, where you can assist to a typical fishmarket. Lunch on a typical restaurant. And we will DAY 6 – RÍAS BAIXAS – AIRPORTcontinue our drive to Cambados, the winery Breakfast, check out and transportation of theregion of Galicia where you can discover the group to the Airport. Arrival at the Airport andAlbariño white wine. Our last visit today will be end of our services.Sanxenxo, the most touristic area of this northernregion of Spain.
  8. 8. CANTABRIADAY 1 – AIRPORT – CASTRO URDIALES – only can visit a replica of the original due it’s notSANTILLANA DEL MAR allowed to visit the originals caves).Arrival of the group to the Airport and pick up Lunch on a typical restaurant and transportationwith the guide assistance and the coach. of the group toTransportation of the Santander, the mainGroup to hotel. We will stop in Castro Urdiales, city of Cantabria.the most important fisherman town of Cantabria. With a local guide,Check in at Hotel. Dinner and overnight. we will discover the monumental city,DAY 2 – CABÁRCENO – SUANCES – COMILLAS the Casino of theBreakfast at Hotel. At the morning, visit to the 18th century and theCabárceno Park, famous for the natural Sardinero Beaches.preservation of the animals. Lunch of a local Transportation ofrestaurant. the group at Hotel, At the afternoon, dinner and visit of Suances and overnight. Comillas, where we will visit the building DAY 4 – PICOS DE EUROPA – SAN VICENTE DE LA of Gaudi named “El BARQUERA Capricho”. Breakfast at Hotel. Morning visit of the National Way back to Hotel, Park of Picos de Europa, the last house of thedinner and overnight. spanish beard. Lunch on a restaurant at the town of Potes. At the afternoon, visit to San Vicente deDAY 3 – SANTILLANA DEL MAR – ALTAMIRA’S la Barquera and the Cantrabric coast.CAVE – SANTANDER Transportation to Hotel. Dinner and overnight.Breakfast at Hotel. During the morning, we willvisit Santillana del Mar, a Middle Age town of DAY 5 – SANTILLANA DEL MAR – AIRPORTCantabria. Visit to Almatira’s Cave, the most Breakfast at Hotel. Transportation of the group toimportant prehistorial paints cave in Europe (we the Airport. Arrival and end of our services.
  9. 9. THE AMAZING LIVE OF MIGUEL DE CERVANTESDAY 1 – MADRID – ALCALÁ D HENARES Breakfast at the Hotel. We will spend this day in Arrival to Madrid and Valladolid, the old capital city of Spain, during the pick up with your guide life of Cervantes. On this city, the writer stayed for and your bus. some years and where he decided to publish his Transportation of the main book “Don Quijote”. group to Alaclá de This city have a big relation with the famous Henares. writer. Free time for lunch. This town is the birth Back to Alcalá de Henares and to the Hotel, dinner place of Cervantes, the and overnight.famous writer of “Don Quixote”. It was declaredWorld Heritage Place by UNESCO at 1998. All DAY 5 – EL TOBOSOtown you will find buildings of 16th Century. Breakfast at the Hotel. We will visit El Toboso, theDinner at the Hotel and overnight. famous ton of the great love of Don Quijote, Mrs Dulciea del Toboso.DAY 2 - ALCALA DE HENARES As this town we will visit the Museum related ofBreakfast at the Hotel. the famous novel where you will find someMorning guided visit, following the steps of curiosities on ovr than 200 copies of the famousCervantes. We will visit the birth- house of the novel.famous writer, the renowned University, the We also visit the House – Museum of Dulcinea,Oldest University of the world and a reference at tradition has it that this house belonged to Doñathe Renaissance of knowledge all around Europe. AnaBack to the Hotel and lunch. MartínezAt the afternoon, we will continue our visit Zarco dearound Alcalá de Henares. Morales,End of the visit again at the Hotel. identified asDinner and overnight. Dulcinea in theDAY 3- MADRID novel Don Quixote. The museum is designed toBreakfast at the Hotel. Full day visit to Madrid. We recreate a 16th-century La Mancha farmhouse,will follow the steps of Cervantes in Madrid, with furnishings, rooms and utensils typical of thisvisiting the house where we live in Madrid and period. It contains numerous items of greatwhere is his tomb. The famous quarter of Las ethnological value, which were used on a dailyLetras (Writing Quarter) is really interested as you basis in the traditional rural lifestyle: ceramics,will also find famous Spanish writers as Quevedo, basketwork, iron and copper kitchenware, a wineLope de Vega or Gongora. cellar, a mill, farming tools and horse tack,This visit will show you the most traditional Spain equipment for making cheese, an orchard, etc.of the 16th and 17th Centuries. Back to Alcalá. Dinner and overnight at the Hotel.Free time for lunch.At afternoon late, back to Alcalá de Henares and DAY 6 – MADRID – BACK HOMEto the Hotel. Breakfast at the Hotel.Dinner and overnight. Transportation to the Airport and end of our services.DAY 4 – VALLADOLID
  10. 10. THE GREAT PAINTERS OF SPAIN: PICASSO, MIRO, DALI, GOYA AND VELAZQUEZ. THE MOST IMPORTANT MUSEUMS AND COLLECTIONS IN SPAINDAY 1 – ARRIVAL TO BARCELONA mayor of Figueres decided to rebuild it as aArrival to Barcelona and meet and great with your museum dedicated to the towns most famousguide and the bus at the airport. Transportation to son in 1960. The museum also occupies buildingsthe Hotel and check in. and courtyards adjacent to the old theatreDinner and overnight. building. Free time for lunch.DAY 2 – BARCELONA OF PICASSO AND MIRÓ Afternoon back to Barcelona.Breakfast at the Hotel. Full day visit dedicated to Dinner and the city of 19th / 20th Century. The Bohemian Barcelona. We DAY 4 – BARCELONA – ZARAGOZA will visit the Picasso Breakfast at the Hotel. Museum and the Miro Transportation of the group to Zaragoza, the city Foundation, where you of Francisco de Goya. Arrival and check in at the will find the most Hotel. representatives oeuvres Afternoon walking visit of Zaragoza where you can of the painters. This is a visit the Basilic of Pilar, with a paint of Goya or great opportunity to Zaragoza Museum. discover the personality End of the tour at the Hotel. Dinner and of Picasso and Miró, overnight.travelling on their paints.Optional lunch at Els Quatre Gats, a modern style DAY 5 – ZARAGOZA – MADRIDcafé-restaurant inspired on Le Chat Noir in Paris, Breakfast at the Hotel. Transportation of theand meeting place of great artist and where group to Madrid.Picasso made his first exhibition. Check in at the Hotel and free time for lunch andAfternoon visit to Miro Foundation, museum relax.created by Miro in order to be a reference of the Afternoon, visit to theContemporanean Arts. Walking around the city center with a localdifferent rooms, you will discover the live of Miro, guide and the Pradohis sculpture and his way of paint the reality. Museum.End of the tour at the Hotel. The Museo delDinner and overnight. Prado is the main Spanish national artDAY 3 – FIGUERES, DALI HOUSE-MUSEUM museum, located inBreakfast at the Hotel. central Madrid. ItWe will go to visit Figueres, features one of thewhere is located the House- worlds finestMuseum of Salvador Dali, collections ofthe most representative European art, from the 12th century to the earlypainter of the surrealist. 19th century, based on the former Spanish RoyalThe heart of the museum Collection, and unquestionably the best singlewas the building that collection of Spanish art. Founded as a museumhoused the towns theatre when Dalí was a child, of paintings and sculpture, it also containsand where one of the first public exhibitions of important collections of other types of works. Ayoung Dalís art was shown. The old theatre was new, recently opened wing enlarged the displaybombed in the Spanish Civil War and remained in area by about 400 paintings, and it is currentlya state of ruin for decades until Dalí and the used mainly for temporary expositions. El Prado is
  11. 11. one of the most visited sites in the world, and it is national museum of 20th century art (informallyconsidered to be among the greatest museums of shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofiaart. The large numbers of works by Francisco de Museum, El Reina Sofia, or simply The Sofia). TheGoya, the artist most extensively represented in museum was officially inaugurated on Septemberthe collection, and by Diego 10, 1992 and is named for Queen Sofia of Spain.Velázquez, Titian, Peter Paul The museum is mainly dedicated to Spanish art.Rubens and Hieronymus Bosch are among the Highlights of the museum include excellenthighlights of the collection. collections of Spains two greatest 20th centuryThe collection currently comprises around 7,600 masters, Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dalí. Certainlypaintings, 1,000 sculptures, 4,800 prints and 8,200 the most famous masterpiece in the museum isdrawings, in addition to a large number of other Picassos painting Guernica. The Reina Sofíaworks of art and historic documents collection has works by artists such as: JuanBack to the Hotel and dinner. Gris, Joan Miró, Julio González, EduardoOvernight. Chillida, Antoni Tàpies, Pablo Gargallo, Pablo Serrano, Lucio Muñoz, Luis Gordillo, JorgeDAY 6 – MADRID Oteiza and José Gutiérrez Solana.Breakfast at the Hotel. Free time for lunch.Morning visit to Reina Sofia Museum. Transportation of the group to the Airport andThe Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina end of our services.Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name of Spains
  12. 12. SEFARAD WAYS IN SPAINDAY 1 – BARCELONA town features arcaded streets and squares andArrival to Barcelona and pick up with your guide also a restored mikveh, a ritual Jewish bath datingand your bus. from the eleventh or twelfth century, as well asTransportation of the group to the hotel. Check in the remains of a medieval synagogue, located inand free time for get ready. the lower town near the riverAfternoon visit to the Jewish Quarter of Free time for lunch and transportation to Girona.Barcelona, called in catalan Call. Afternoon visit to the city, The 12th century saw a flourishing of the Jewish community of Girona, with one of the most important Kabbalistic schools in Europe. The Rabbi of Girona, Moshe ben Nahman Gerondi (better known as Nahmanides or Ramban) was appointed Great Rabbi of Catalonia. The history of the Jewish community of Girona ended in 1492, when the Catholic Kings expelled all the Jews from Catalonia. Today, the Jewish ghetto or Call is one of the best preserved in Europe and is a majorEl Call is Barcelonas Jewish Quarter. Located tourist attraction. On the north side of the old citybetween the Cathedral of La Seu, Plaça Jaume and is the Montjuïc (or hill of the Jews in medievalPlaça del Pi, its an atmospheric area which offers Catalan), where an important religious cemeterya fascinating insight both into Barcelonas hustory was located.and the story of Jews in Catalonia.Jews were hugely influential in the emergence ofBarcelona as a trading port of internationalsignificance during the medieval period andenjoyed the Kings protection. Until 1391 thatwas, when the Jewish Quarter was attacked andJewish priveliges recinded. An interesting spothere is the Centre dInterpretació del Call. This is amuseum dedicated to the history of the JewishQuarter. Its in a 14th Century house called theHouse of the Rabbi and conserves rare perioddetails in its architecture. Most traces of Gironas rich Jewish history wereAlso of interest is an ancient synagogue, the wiped out when the Jews were expelled fromSynagoga Mayor, believed to be one opf the Spain (see Spanish expulsion), however someoldest in Europe, dating back as far as the third remain. On Carrer de Sant Llorenc, the doorway ofcentury AD. an old building has a rectangular indentationBack to the Hotel. Dinner and overnight. which once held a mezuzah. Further along is the Centre Bonastruc ça Porta and the Catalan JewishDAY 2 – GIRONA AND BESALÚ Museum. The Bonastruc ça Porta project startedBreakfast at the Hotel. in the 1970s, when it became fashionable toWe will spend this day outside Barcelona, visiting renovate properties in the old town. ClearingGirona and Besalú. away nearly 700 years of construction, JoseWe will visit first Besalu. Tarres, a local restaurateur, discovered theBesalú was designated as a historical national remains of what turned out to be the medievalproperty ("conjunt històric-artístic") in 1966. The yeshiva founded by Nahmanides.towns most significant feature is its 12th- Back to Barcelona and the Hotel.century Romanesque bridge over the Fluvià river, Dinner and overnight.which features a gateway at its midpoint. Thechurch of Sant Pere was consecrated in 1003. The
  13. 13. DAY 3 – BARCELONA – LOGROÑO Afternoon visit of Lavapiés, the Jewish Quarter ofBreakfast at the Hotel. Madrid.Transportation of the group to Logroño. During Lavapiés is a central neighbourhood of the cityour trip, we will stop at Tudela. of Madrid, centered on the Plaza de Lavapiés.The town was used by Muslims as a bridge-head It was the Jewish quarter of the city untilto fight against the Christians of Pamplona. Later the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, theTudela became an important defensive point for church of San Lorenzo being built on the formerthe Kingdom of Navarre in battles with Castile and site of the synagogue. The name literally meansAragon. When Christians under Alfonso the "wash feet", and may refer to the ritual washingBattler conquered Tudela in 1119, three different of ones feet before entering the temple, possiblycommunities where living there: Muslim, Mozarab in the fountain in Plaza de Lavapiés which noand Jewish. In the aftermath of the conquest, longer relations appear to have been End of the tour at the Hotel.strained and Muslims were forced to live in a Dinner and overnight.suburb outside the town walls, whereas Jewscontinued to reside inside the walls (see Jews in DAY 6 – SEGOVIA AND AVILATudela). The co-existence of different cultures is Breakfast at the Hotel.reflected in Tudelas reputation for producing Full day visit to Segovia and Avila.important medieval writers such as Al-Tutili. Closed by seven gates as from 1481, the JewishFree time for lunch and continuation of the trip to quarter ofLogroño. SegoviaArrival to the Hotel and check in. Free time to get comprises aready for dinner at the Hotel. space which isDinner and overnight. totally delimited onDAY 4 – ESTELLA – LIZARRA the southernBreakfast at the hotel. side of theFull day excursion to Estella-Lizarra, situated on walled city, athe area of Navarra, the town was founded in district now1090 when the place, lying by the fortified made up of thesettlement of Lizarra, was granted a charter by remains ofthe Pamplonese king Sancho Ramirez. The town synagogues, palaces, museums and buildingsbecame a landmark in the Way of St. which evoke its Jewish past, distributed amongst aJames pilgrimage route to Santiago de set of streets rife with medieval mystery. A walkCompostela, thriving on the privileged location through the Jewish quarter – revealing a city quiteand the melting pot of Francos called in by distinct from that of the conventional routesNavarrese kings (mainly Occitans from Auvergne through Segovia of the Aqueduct and the Citadel –and Limousin), Jews and the is further complemented by a visit to the Jewishoriginal Navarrese inhabitants. The wealth cemetery of Pinarillo on the other side ofresulted in a development of Romanesque Clamores stream where there are some remainsarchitecture, well represented in the town: of burials which are of great value.Church of San Pedro de la Rúa, Palacio de los The first indications of the presence of Jews in theReyes de Navarra, Church of San Miguel, among city of Segovia date back to 1215 when Giraldo,others. the bishop of the city, placed a ban on gamblingFree time for lunch. between Jews and Christians in the parish of SanLate afternoon back to Logroño and the Hotel. Miguel right in the centre of the city. This revealsDinner and overnight. a context of daily cohabitation between the two groups and the settlement of the Jews in theDAY 5 – LOGROÑO – MADRID centre of Segovia since at least slightly before thisBreakfasr at the Hotel. time.Transportation of the group to Madrid.Arrival of the group to Madrid and check in at the Free time for lunch, and afternoon transportationHotel. Free time for lunch. to Avila.
  14. 14. The Jews of Ávila were mainly involved in craft- scant data about its presence. They are familiesbased activity, particularly rich cloth trading. This who cohabit with the Christian population, doingprosperity allowed, inter alia, the learned Moses business and working in the fields. Their fate wasde León, settled at the house of Yuçaf de Ávila, tied to that of the Reconquest whose ebbing andthe Kings tax collector, to put the finishing flowing directly impacted the state of things.touches here to his Sefer ha-Zohar or Book of Moslem Spain afforded great opportunities a highSplendour which closes the great trilogy of Jewish standard of living. The Jews of Al-Ándalus tookKabbalistic mysticism along with the Talmud andthe Bible. Nissim ben Abraham wrote in this citytoo, better known as the Ávila prophet, his Bookof the wonders of wisdom, and here the heightsof Christian mysticism were reached by Teresa ofJesus and John of the Cross, the offspring of NewChristians rooted in old families of Jewish stock.The Almohad invasion of 1147 had majorrepercussions on the Hebrew expansion throughthe peninsula. The threat of this people led to theexodus of Jews and Christian from the south ofthe Peninsula to the centre and north of Spain. advantage of the tolerant climate of the CaliphateWith Alfonso VIII (1155-1214) the Jews situation and took the values of that refined civilization asdid not vary greatly. The monarch generally their own without giving up their religious beliefs.treated his subjects as equals in terms of the law. Royal favouritism to the Jews was frequently theIt was attempted to increase the Jews in the Court cause of unrest such as the revolt of 1178 in whichwhich gave rise to criticism but this favour came the Jewish lover of King Alfonso VIII died. Thisat a price: Jewish collaboration was vital for revolt also put paid to Judá and Samuel Alnaqua.commercial life and administration. Whats more, Or the revolt of 1212, coinciding with the arrivaltheJewish quarter contributed a significant of Jews fleeing French intolerance. Theamount in taxes which was usually granted by the Archbishop of Toledo responded by burdening theking: in 1176, Jewish community withnew taxes: any Jews agedthe king over twenty would have to pay an annualgranted to the encumbrance, whilst they would have to pay anCathedral and additional charge for profits foregone whenits bishop purchasing houses from Christian owners.Sancho a third The reign of Alfonso X the Wise was the oneof the income which entailed the greatest prosperity andhe received by splendour for the Jewish community of Toledo.way of tolls Their situation is attested to by the amount offrom Jews at a time when the Jewish quarter in taxes the aljama paid in 1284: oneÁvila was one of the most important in Castile. At million maravedis. During his reign the Jewishthis time the Jewish community was prosperous quarter of Toledo became known for its scale, theand had achieved a greater degree of harmony luxuriousness and beauty of its public buildingsthan in other Castilian Jewish quarters. and the intellectual quality of its rabbis.Back to Madrid. Dinner on your Hotel and Free time for lunch and transportation back toovernight. Madrid. Dinner on your Hotel and overnight.DAY 7 – TOLEDOBreakfast at the Hotel, and full day excursion to DAY 8 – MADRIDToledo. Breakfast at the Hotel.In around 1000 the Jewish community of Toledo Transfer to the Airport and end of our services.was insignificant and prior to this date there is
  15. 15. MUSLIN HERITAGE AT SOUTH SPAIN: MAGIC ANDALUSIADAY 1 - SEVILLA was registered in 1987 by UNESCO as a WorldArrival to Sevilla and pick up with your guide and Heritage Site, along with the Seville Cathedral andyour bus. the General Archive of the Indies.Guided transfer to your Hotel. The Almohades were the first to build a palace,Check in and free for lunch. Afternoon river cruise which was called Al-Muwarak, on the site of thefor the Guadalquivir River. modern day Alcázar. The palace is one of the bestBack to your Hotel. remaining examples of mudéjar architecture.Dinner and overnight. Subsequent monarchs have added their own additions to the Alcázar. The upper levels of theDAY 2 – SEVILLA Alcázar are still used by the royal family as theBreakfast at the Hotel. official Seville residence and are administered bySeville was founded as the Roman city of Hispalis, the Patrimonioand was known as after the Muslim conquest in Nacional.712. During the Muslim rule in Spain, Seville came Pick up with theunder the jurisdiction of the Caliphate of bus andCórdoba before becoming the independentTaifa transportation ofof Seville; later it was ruled by the the group toMuslim Almoravids and the Almohads until finally Cordoba.being incorporated into the Christian Kingdom of Arrival and checkCastile under Ferdinand III in 1248. After the in at the Hotel.discovery of the Americas, Seville became one of Free time for lunch.the economic centres of the Spanish Empire as its Afternoon walking tour at the City center ofport monopolised the trans-oceanic trade and Cordoba.the Casa de Contratación (House of Trade) Cordoba is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and wielded its the capital of the province of Córdoba. An Iberian power, opening and Roman city in ancient times, in the Middle a Golden Age of Ages it became the capital of an Islamic caliphate. arts and The old town contains numerous architectural literature. In reminders of when Corduba was the capital 1519, Ferdinand of Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Magellan depart Republic and capital of Hispania Baetica during ed from Seville the Roman Empire; and when Qurṭubah was the for the first capital of the Islamic Caliphate of Córdoba,circumnavigation of the Earth. Coinciding with the including most of the Iberian Peninsula.Baroque period of European history, the 17th It has been estimated that in the 10th centurycentury in Seville represented the most brilliant Córdoba was the most populous city in the world,flowering of the citys culture; then began a and under the rule of Caliph Al Hakam II it hadgradual economic and demographic decline as also become a center for education under itssilting in the Guadalquivir forced the trade Islamic rulers. Al Hakam II opened many librariesmonopoly to relocate to the nearby port on top of the many medical schools andof Cádiz.Free time for lunch Universities which existed at this time. SuchEnd of the tour on your Hotel, dinner and Universities contributed towards developments inovernight. mathematics and astronomy. During these centuries Córdoba had became the intellectualDAY 3 – SEVILLA - CODOBA center of Europe and was also noted for itsBreakfast at the Hotel. predominantly Muslim society that was tolerantMorning visit to Real Alcázar de Sevilla. toward its Christian and Jewish minoritiesThe Alcázar of Seville is a royal palace End of the tour at the Hotel. Dinner andin Seville, Spain, originally a Moorish fort. It is the overnight.oldest royal palace still in use in Europe, and it
  16. 16. DAY 4 – CORDOBA – GRANADA Ghayyat, Isaac ibn Albalia, and Joseph ibnBreakfast at the Hotel. Migash were prominent.Morning visit to Medina Azahara. Lucena was taken from the Moors early in theMedina Azahara (meaning "brilliant town", 14th century; it was in the attempt to recapture it"beautiful town", or "the town of Zahra") is the that King Boabdil of Granada was taken prisonerruins of a vast, fortified Arab Muslim medieval in 1483.palace-city built by Abd-ar-Rahman III al-Nasir, Free time for lunch.(912–961) Ummayad Caliph of Córdoba, and Continuation of the route to Granada. Check in atlocated on the western outskirts of Córdoba, the Hotel.Spain. It was an Arab Muslim medieval town and Dinner and overnight.the de facto capital of al-Andalus, or MuslimSpain, as the heart of the administration and DAY 5 – GRANADAgovernment was within its walls. Built beginning Breakfast at the 936-940, the city included ceremonial reception Morning visit to Alhambra Palace.halls, mosques, administrative and government The Alhambras Islamic palaces were built for theoffices, gardens, a mint, workshops, barracks, last Muslim Emirs in Spain and its court, ofresidences, and baths. Water was supplied the Nasrid dynasty. After thethrough aqueducts. Reconquista (recoThe main reason for its construction was politico- nquest) byideological: the dignity of the Caliph required the the Reyesestablishment of a new city, a symbol of his Católicos ("Catholipower, imitating other Eastern Caliphates. Above c Monarchs") inall, it demonstrated his superiority over his great 1492, somerivals, the Fatimids of Ifriqiya in Northern Africa. portions wereLegend also says it was built as a tribute to the used by thefavourite of the Caliph: Azahara. Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, builtDeparture of the group to Granada. by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, wasWe will stop in Lucena, in early times Lucena was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasridinhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had fortifications. After being allowed to fall intoarrived together with its founders; hence it was disrepair for centuries, the Alhambra wascalled "Jews City", a nickname also applied to "discovered" in the 19th century by EuropeanGranada and Tarragona. The Jews of Lucena, who scholars and travelers, with restorationscarried on extensive trade and industries, were, commencing. It is now one of Spains major touristaccording to the 11th century Moslem attractions, exhibiting the countrys mostgeographer, Mohamed al-Edrisi, richer than those significant and well known Berber Islamicof any other city. They enjoyed the same freedom architecture, together with 16th-century and lateras their coreligionists in the large Muslim cities. Christian building and garden interventions. The Their rabbi, who was Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and elected by the entire the inspiration for many songs and stories. community, was granted The decoration consists, as a rule, of Arabic special privileges and inscriptions that are manipulated into sacred acted as judge in the geometrical patterns wrought into arabesques. civil and criminal cases Painted tiles are largely used as panelling for the arising in the walls. The palace complex is designed in community. The Jews the Mudéjar style which is characteristic of lived peaceably until the western elements reinterpreted into Islamic forms Almoravides came into and widely popular during the Reconquista, the power. reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula from the At the beginning of the Muslims by the Christian kingdoms. eleventh century, Free time for lunch.several important Jewish scholars lived in Afternoon walking visit to Granada city center.Lucena. Isaac Alfasi founded a large Talmudic The greatest artistic wealth of Granada isacademy in Lucena, and here also Isaac ibn its Spanish-Muslim art — in particular, the compound of the Alhambra and the Generalife.
  17. 17. The Generalife is a pleasure palace with attached city. Its construction began during the Spanishromantic gardens, remarkable both for its location Renaissance in the early 16th century, shortlyand layout, as well as for the diversity of after the conquest of Granada by the Catholicits flowers, plants and fountains. The Alhambra is Monarchs, who commissioned the works to Juanthe architectural culmination of the works Gil de Hontañón and Enrique Egas. Numerousof Nasrid art that were undertaken in the 13th grand buildings were built in the reign of Charlesand 14th centuries, with most of the Alhambra V, Holy Roman Emperor, so that the cathedral ishaving been built at the time of Yusuf contemporary to the Christian palace of theI and Mohammed V, between 1333 and 1354. Alhambra, the University and the RealAt present, the buildings of Granada are Chancillería (supreme court).typically bourgeois in appearance, with much of End of the tour at the Hotel, dinner and overnight.the architecture dating from the 19th Century,together with DAY 6 – GRANADAnumerous Renaissance andBaroque buildings. Breakfast at the Hotel.The cathedral of Granada is built over the Nasrid Transportation of the group to the Airport.Great Mosque of Granada, in the center of the End of our services.
  18. 18.  Agrum Services is a Trade Mark. All the tours are original and registred. So nay difussion must be penalized by Spanish Law. All tours can be quoted for your group, on private basis and the dates that you indicate. Note that we can arrange all services for your group. This tours are orientative, so we can modified. For moreinformation, quotations or reservations, you can contact us at: AGRUM SERVICES Phone: +34 93 388 83 37