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# Conversion

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### Conversion

1. 1. Conversion
2. 2. <ul><li>Base Unit Abbrev. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass gram g </li></ul><ul><li>Volume liter l or L </li></ul><ul><li>Length meter m </li></ul><ul><li>Temp. Celsius ° C </li></ul>
3. 3. <ul><li>To convert mass/volume/length, use the conversion chart. </li></ul>kilo- k hecto- h deca- da deci- d centi- c milli- m Meters Liters Grams
4. 4. <ul><li>1. mg = </li></ul><ul><li>2. decaliter = </li></ul><ul><li>3. kilometer = </li></ul><ul><li>4. dl = </li></ul><ul><li>5. m = </li></ul>milligram dal km deciliter meter mm = millimeter
5. 5. <ul><li>How to use the conversion chart. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Find your starting point </li></ul><ul><li>2. Find your ending point </li></ul><ul><li>3. Find the direction…R or L </li></ul><ul><li>4. Count the # of steps from the starting to ending point. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Move the decimal in the direction and # of steps. </li></ul>
6. 6. <ul><li>Ex: 3 mg = ______ g </li></ul>k h da d c m 1. Start Pt. 2. End Pt. 3. Left 4. Count # of steps 1. 2. 3. 5. 3. 0 0 . 1. 2. 3. so…3 mg = .003 g m l g
7. 7. <ul><li>Ex: 1. 4.6 km = m </li></ul><ul><li>2. .009 dg = dag </li></ul><ul><li>3. 2 kl = cl </li></ul><ul><li>4. 8.53 g = hg </li></ul><ul><li>5. 17 m = mm </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>200000 .00009 4600 .0853 17000
8. 8. <ul><li>Temperature Conversion </li></ul><ul><li>3 Ways to measure temperature </li></ul><ul><li>1. °C </li></ul><ul><li>2. °F </li></ul><ul><li>3. K- Kelvin </li></ul>
9. 9. <ul><li>To convert to °F </li></ul>___ °C X 1.8 + 32 Ex: 100 °C X 1.8 + 32 = 212 °F To convert to °C ___ °F - 32 / 1.8 Ex: 32 °F -32 / 1.8 = 0 °C
10. 10. <ul><li>Kelvin (K)- unit of temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Kelvin scale – a temperature scale where absolute zero is 0 K. At 0K, is the temperature where there is no thermal energy. </li></ul><ul><li>To find K </li></ul><ul><li>___ °C + 273 </li></ul>
11. 11. <ul><li>Ex: 20 °C = ____K </li></ul>20 °C + 273 = 293 K Absolute zero (0K) is extremely cold. Coldest on Earth = -89°C or -128°F or 184K Closest 9/03 = MIT 4.5 X 10-10 Pluto = -233°C or -387°F or 40 K Neptune = -235°C or -391°F or 38 K
12. 12. Boiling and Freezing Points of Water <ul><li>The Boiling points of water are 212°F, 100°C and </li></ul><ul><li>373 K. </li></ul><ul><li>The Freezing points of water are 32°F, 0°C and 273 K. </li></ul>
13. 13. <ul><li>36 °C = </li></ul><ul><li>62 °F = </li></ul><ul><li>98.6 °F = </li></ul><ul><li>-10 °C = </li></ul><ul><li>50 °C = </li></ul><ul><li>45 °F = </li></ul><ul><li>500 K = </li></ul><ul><li>60 °F = </li></ul>96.8 or 97 °F 16.6 or 17 °C 37 °C 14 °F 323 K 7.2 or 7 °C 227 °C 228.5 or 289 K