Eukaryotic Cell Prokaryotic Cell Nucleus- a distinct central organelle that contains the cell's genetic material (DNA) Organelles-Specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions. Organisms that are made up of eukaryotic cells are called eukaryotes. Plasma Membrane- Special boundary that helps control what enters and leaves the cell. Has no nucleus or organelles. Organisms that are made up of prokaryotic cells are called prokaryotes. This includes most unicellular organisms like bacteria.
Similarities between plant cells and animal cells
Both have a cell membrane surrounding the cytoplasm
Both have a nucleus Both contain mitochondria
Differences between plant cells and animal cells Animal cells Plant cells Relatively smaller in size Irregular shape No cell wall Relatively larger in size Regular shape Cell wall present
Differences between Plant Cells and Animal Cells Animal cells Plant cells Vacuole small or absent Glycogen as food storage Nucleus at the center Large central vacuole Starch as food storage Nucleus near cell wall
You do not salt meat before cooking because the salt forms a hypertonic solution on the meat’s surface and the water inside the meat’s cells diffuses out. The result is cooked meat that is dry and tough.