Chapter 6 4
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Chapter 6 4

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Chapter 6 4 Chapter 6 4 Presentation Transcript

  • Organic and Biochemistry
    • Organic Compound- compound that contain Carbon.
    • Remember what you know about Carbon
    • Atomic # = 6 p=6 n=6 e=6
    • Atomic mass = 12
    • Oxidation number = 4
    • Why Carbon is different?
    • Bonding- Carbon can form 4 covalent bonds.
    • Arrangement-
    • Carbon can form
    • -chains
    • -branched chains
    • -rings
    • Polymer - when smaller molecules are hooked together to make a new very large molecule.
    • Monomer - a small molecule. Many monomers make up a polymer.
    Monomer Polymer
    • Carbohydrates - organic compounds that consist of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. There are 2 times as many hydrogens than carbon and oxygen.
    • Ex: C 6 H 12 O 6 Glucose 1:2:1
    • Sugars are major type of carbohydrates. Sugars are monomers while starches are polymers. Carbohydrates are energy sources.
    Glucose Starch
  • How Glucose is Formed
    • Lipid - organic compound that consist of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Does not have a 1:2:1 ratio.
    • Saturated fats- fats that contain only single bonded carbon atoms. It’s saturated with hydrogen atoms.
    • Unsaturated fats - fats that contain at least one double bond or triple bond.
    • Protein - large organic polymer formed by many organic monomers called amino acids.
    • All proteins contain an amine group (NH 2 ) and a carboxyl group. These groups combine together to make a peptide. The bond between them is called a peptide bond.
  • Carboxyl group Amine group Peptide Peptide Bond Making of Protein
    • Nucleic Acids- organic compounds that consist of sugar, phosphate and a nucleotide.
    • Ex: DNA and RNA
  •  
  • Nucleotides