Formatting APA Style Citations
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  • 1. Evans Library FORMATTING APA STYLE CITATIONS
  • 2. stock.xchng Formatting citations shouldn’t make you cry.
  • 3. You just need to know where to start. stock.xchng
  • 4. And then remember three steps… stock.xchng
  • 5. 1. Know the requirements. 2. Use the tools. 3. Check your work.
  • 6. Your instructor tells you which citation style to use. Sam Range. (2010). Materials Science Professor Donald R. Sadoway removes the foil on a bottle of Champagne in his final lecture. Retrieved from: http://tech.mit.edu/V130/N60/graphics/sadowaylastlecture.html
  • 7. The style manual gives you the details. • Can purchase in a bookstore. • On reserve at the Library Service Desk: BF76.7 .P83 2010B • Find an excellent online tutorial on the APA website: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorial s/basics-tutorial.aspx Photo: Amazon. (2014). http://www.amazon.com/Publication-Manual-American-Psychological-Association-ebook/dp/B00CPUBEBM
  • 8. APA Style requires author-date style in-text citations. Photo: American Psychological Association. (2014). The basics of APA style. Retrieved from: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx Author Date Author Date Date Author
  • 9. Follow the rules for number of authors and usage. Photo: American Psychological Association. (2014). The basics of APA style. Retrieved from: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx Usage Authors
  • 10. When in doubt, cite it – in text and in the reference list. Always cite: • Full and partial quotations • Paraphrasing • Summaries Don’t cite: • Your original lab results, photos, artwork, etc. • Well-known facts • Common knowledge “
  • 11. Full and partial quotations… Verbatim sentences or passages from other authors are surrounded by quotation marks, with in-text citations following each. ““I beheld the wretch—the miserable monster whom I had created” (Shelley, 1999). Author Date Quotation Marks Citation after quotation mark
  • 12. Paraphrasing… Restatements of other people’s words or writing in your own words do not require quotation marks, but definitely require in-text citation. “I looked at the unhappy monster that I had created (Shelley, 1999). Author Date No Quotation Marks Punctuation after citation
  • 13. Summaries… Summaries of the source material in fewer words are not quoted, but are always cited in-text. “I looked at the monster I made (Shelley, 1999). Author Date No Quotation Marks Punctuation after citation
  • 14. Reference lists help your audience find your sources.
  • 15. Follow the guidelines for formatting references. • Center “References” (without quotes) at top of page. • List every source you cited in the text. • Alphabetize by primary author’s last name. • Each citation has a 1/2” hanging indent. • No extra space before or after lines. • Double-space everything.
  • 16. Citations contain author, date, title, and publication information. Photo: American Psychological Association. (2014). The basics of APA style. Retrieved from: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx
  • 17. Websites contain 4 items. Miller, L. (2012, April 30). “Frankenstein” remixed. Retrieved from http://www.salon.com/2012/04/30/frankenstein_remixed_salpart/ 1. Author 2. Date 3. Page title 4. URL
  • 18. Journal articles contain 7 items – online articles contain 8. Photo: American Psychological Association. (2014). The basics of APA style. Retrieved from: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx 1. Author 2. Date 3. Article title 4. Journal title 5. Volume 6. Issue (usu.) 7. Pages 8. DOI or URL
  • 19. Most databases and Google Scholar contain citation tools. stock.xchng
  • 20. Export citations from the library catalog.
  • 21. Export citations from Summon.
  • 22. Export citations from databases.
  • 23. Export citations from Google Scholar.
  • 24. Import citations to RefWorks, then create a bibliography.
  • 25. Use the style guide to check your work. stock.xchng
  • 26. Look up the right section in the table of contents. rose petralia
  • 27. READ the instructions and look at examples.
  • 28. Once you know what’s expected, just follow directions. stock.xchng
  • 29. KNOW the requirements. Clarify with your instructor. Find the style guide in the library.
  • 30. Use the TOOLS. Cite from the library catalog. Cite from Summon. Cite from the databases. Cite from Google Scholar. Use RefWorks.
  • 31. CHECK the work. Look up your resource type in the style manual. Don’t forget in-text citations! Read instructions and look at examples. Double check!
  • 32. Some resources… • lib.fit.edu • Ask a Librarian • RefWorks • apastyle.org • owl.english.purdue.edu
  • 33. Rose Petralia Questions? All images courtesy of rose petralia , stock.xchng, and Flickr Commons