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  1. 1. By: Evangeline de Jesus
  2. 2. Case Study <ul><li>You are working as an ECE in the Junior preschool room. Simon (age 3) has just been diagnosed with autism. Wheels and cars fascinate Simon. He has very little impulse control and his language is primarily echolalic. His father is a single dad who has two older children in their teens. He is new to Toronto and asks your advice about services in the area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Special Needs <ul><li>Echolalic: The repetition of words or phrases spoken by others </li></ul><ul><li>Very little impulse control: a sudden spontaneous inclination to some unpremeditated action (Webster’s Dictionary) </li></ul><ul><li>Single dad household with two older children in their teens </li></ul><ul><li>New to Toronto </li></ul>
  4. 4. Background <ul><li>Autism Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term which includes the following diagnoses: Autism, Pervasive Development Disorder (PDD), Asperger’s Syndrome, and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. (Learning Together 1) </li></ul><ul><li>There have been numerous theories explaining the cause of Autism and has yielded significant results (Sears 61), but there has not been a general answer to what causes the disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>What is known for sure is that it is a result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain. (Learning Together 1) </li></ul><ul><li>Autism occurs in all ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic groups. It is four times more likely to occur in boys than girls. </li></ul><ul><li>A few common traits associated with autism are: impaired communication, problems with social relationships and play skills, engagement is stereotypical/repetitive behaviours, sensory impairment (Learning Together2) </li></ul><ul><li>Although there is no cure for autism, there is effective treatment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What I Would Do <ul><li>The other children in the daycare need to be taught about Simon’s condition since he has very little impulse control and his language is echolalic. There may be conflict between some of the children and Simon, because they cannot communicate easily with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>I would implement more activities that involve wheels and cars so that Simon would be more engaged. I will make sure that Simon has an enriching learning environment which will put him at ease when he goes home. </li></ul><ul><li>Language and communication skills: focus on using spoken language (words or sounds), written, or visual language (picture symbols) to be understood by others. </li></ul><ul><li>Environment set-up: age appropriate toys, books and material should be at eye-level, sensory materials, music and lighting to soothe </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geneva Centre website <ul><li>The child as well as his family has needs that can be met with assistance from many agencies in Toronto. </li></ul><ul><li>Their mission is to empower individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder, and their families, to fully participate in their communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Simon’s family would greatly benefit from this agency, because they aim to build the capacity and skills of individuals, families, community agencies and professionals to help individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder realize opportunities for successful community inclusion. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The centre raises awareness and understanding of Autism Spectrum Disorders and promote the rights of all individuals to be treated with dignity and respect. </li></ul><ul><li>The agency started out as a camp of 20 children, but now serves individuals and families with an ASD. </li></ul><ul><li>Through donations and government funding families are able to receive the help that they need. </li></ul><ul><li>Services they offer: </li></ul><ul><li>Parent training </li></ul><ul><li>Parent support </li></ul><ul><li>Services for children </li></ul><ul><li>Services for parents/caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Information for individuals with ASD </li></ul>
  8. 8. ErinoakKids website <ul><li>ErinoakKids Centre for Treatment and Development is Ontario’s largest Children's Treatment Centre (CTC) – they serve approximately 10,000 children and their families each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Clients have a wide range of physical and/or developmental disabilities, communication disorders, autism, and some of the children we care for are blind and/or deaf. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ontario government funds the main programs through its Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS). </li></ul><ul><li>Services they offer: </li></ul><ul><li>Child and Youth Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Intervention Services </li></ul><ul><li>Preschool Speech and Language Services </li></ul><ul><li>Connections for Students </li></ul><ul><li>Infant Hearing Services (including hearing screening) </li></ul><ul><li>Blind-Low Vision Services </li></ul>
  9. 9. Works Cited <ul><li>Learning Together package from ECEP 233 </li></ul><ul><li>Geneva Centre </li></ul><ul><li>ErinoakKids </li></ul>