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Frenchandindianwar 110912131359-phpapp01


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  • 1. What do you think is the meaning of this cartoon? What might the abbreviations represent? What are people supposed to join?
  • 2. Prompt In what ways did the French & Indian War alter the political, economic, and ideological relationship between England and its American colonies?
  • 3. What might the English and French who lived in North America fight about? •Each wanted control of more land •British frontier towns were getting raided by Native Americans (allies of French) •Boundaries in North America? In Europe? •They had a history of bad blood Hmm
  • 4. Who??? French And Indians vs. England and the 13 colonies
  • 5. GW makes a name for himself!
  • 6. George Washington • Lieutenant Colonel • ~ 22 years old during French and Indian War • Surrendered to French troops at Fort Necessity, but became a hero for his bravery (AP Photo/Kevin Wolf)
  • 7. BritishBritish FrenchFrench TheThe Ohio ValleyOhio Valley 17541754  The First ClashThe First Clash
  • 8. Taking Sides •Since the colonists are British, they need to unite to fight the French •In walks Ben Franklin…
  • 9. Ben FranklinBen Franklin  representatives fromrepresentatives from New England, NY, MD, PANew England, NY, MD, PA A Albany CongressAlbany Congress  failed Iroquoisfailed Iroquois broke off relations withbroke off relations with Britain & threatened toBritain & threatened to trade with the with the French. 17541754  Albany Plan ofAlbany Plan of UnionUnion Big Idea First time most of the colonies got together in one place!
  • 10. Gen. Edward BraddockGen. Edward Braddock  evict theevict the French from the Ohio Valley &French from the Ohio Valley & Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia)Canada (Newfoundland & Nova Scotia) A Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley,Attacks OH Valley, Mohawk Valley, & Acadia.& Acadia. A Killed 10 mi. from Ft. DuquesneKilled 10 mi. from Ft. Duquesne  by 1500 French and Indian 1500 French and Indian forces. Only British SuccessOnly British Success  expelled Frenchexpelled French Acadians from Nova Scotia.Acadians from Nova Scotia. (They moved to Louisiana and became “Cajuns.”)(They moved to Louisiana and became “Cajuns.”) 1755  Br. Decides to Eliminate Fr. Presence in North America 1756  War Is Formally Declared!1756  War Is Formally Declared!
  • 11. BritishBritish • March in formation orMarch in formation or bayonet charge.bayonet charge. • Br. officers wanted toBr. officers wanted to take charge of colonials.take charge of colonials. • Prima Donna Br.Prima Donna Br. officers with servantsofficers with servants & tea settings.& tea settings. • Drills & toughDrills & tough discipline.discipline. • Colonists should payColonists should pay for their own defense.for their own defense. • Indian-style guerillaIndian-style guerilla tactics.tactics. • Col. militias servedCol. militias served under own captains.under own captains. • No mil. deference orNo mil. deference or protocols observed.protocols observed. • Resistance to risingResistance to rising taxes.taxes. • Casual,Casual, non-professionals.non-professionals. Methods ofMethods of Fighting:Fighting: MilitaryMilitary Organization:Organization: MilitaryMilitary Discipline:Discipline: Finances:Finances: Demeanor:Demeanor: British-American ColonialBritish-American Colonial TensionsTensions ColonialsColonials
  • 12. A He understood colonial concerns.He understood colonial concerns. A He offered them a compromise:He offered them a compromise: -- colonial loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br.colonial loyalty & mil. cooperation-->Br. would reimburse col. assemblies forwould reimburse col. assemblies for their costs.their costs. -- Lord Loudoun would be removed.Lord Loudoun would be removed. RESULTS?RESULTS?  Colonial moraleColonial morale increased by 1758.increased by 1758. 1757  William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
  • 13. 1758-17611758-1761  The Tide Turns forThe Tide Turns for EnglandEngland 1758-17611758-1761  The Tide Turns forThe Tide Turns for EnglandEngland ** By 1761, Spain has become an ally of FranceBy 1761, Spain has become an ally of France
  • 14. Before After
  • 15. 1.1. It increased her colonial empire inIt increased her colonial empire in the Americasthe Americas 2.2. It greatly enlarged England’s debt.It greatly enlarged England’s debt. 3.3. Britain’s contempt for the colonialsBritain’s contempt for the colonials created bitter feelings.created bitter feelings. Therefore, England felt that aTherefore, England felt that a major reorganization of hermajor reorganization of her American EmpireAmerican Empire was necessary!was necessary! Effects of the WarEffects of the War on Britain?on Britain?
  • 16. 1.1. It united them against aIt united them against a common enemy for the firstcommon enemy for the first time.time. 2.2. It created a socializingIt created a socializing experience for all theexperience for all the colonials who participated.colonials who participated. 3.3. It created bitter feelingsIt created bitter feelings towards the British thattowards the British that would only intensify.would only intensify. Effects of the War on theEffects of the War on the American ColonialsAmerican Colonials
  • 17. 17631763  Pontiac’s RebellionPontiac’s Rebellion Fort DetroitFort Detroit British “gifts” of smallpox-infectedBritish “gifts” of smallpox-infected blankets from Fort Pitt.blankets from Fort Pitt. The Aftermath: TensionsThe Aftermath: Tensions
  • 18. BritishBritish  ProclamationProclamation Line of 1763.Line of 1763. BACKLASH!BACKLASH!