Confusing verb tenses
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Confusing verb tenses

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Present Simple vs Present Continuous

Present Simple vs Present Continuous
Simple Past vs Past Continuous
Simple Past vs Present Perfec

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Confusing verb tenses Confusing verb tenses Presentation Transcript

  • Confusing Verb Tenses
  • Present Simple vs Present Continuous Simple Present Present Progressive + verb / verb+s I speak German. She speaks Spanish. Do/does + + verb ? Do you speak English? don’t/ doesn’t + verb She doesn't speak Portuguese. To be and verb + ing + am/is/ are + verb + ing I am learning English. Am/is/are + + verb+ing Are you learning English? + am/is/are + not + verb+ing I am not learning English.
  • Present Simple vs Present Continuous Simple Present Present Progressive in general (regularly, often, never) Colin plays football every Tuesday. present actions happening one after another First Colin plays football, then he watches TV. action set by a timetable or schedule The film starts at 8 pm. daily routine Bob works in a restaurant. right now Look! Colin is playing football now. also for several actions happening at the same time Colin is playing football and Anne is watching arrangement for the near future I am going to the cinema tonight. only for a limited period of time Jenny is working in a restaurant this week.
  • Present Simple vs Present Continuous Signal words
    • always
    • every ...
    • often
    • normally
    • usually
    • sometimes
    • seldom
    • never
    • first
    • then
    • at the moment
    • at this moment
    • today
    • now
    • right now
    • Listen!
    • Look!
  • Simple Past vs Past Progressive Simple Past Past Progressive Simple Past Past Progressive irregular verbs: see 2nd column of irregular verbs regular verbs: verb + ed + verb I saw Jane and she saw me. Did + + verb? Did you see Jane? + didn’t+ verb She didn’t see me. past form of 'be' + ing form of verb   + was/ were + verb+ing I was speaking to Jane. Were/was + + verb+ ing? Was she listening? + wasn’t/ weren’t + verb+ ing They weren’t working
  • Simple Past vs Past Progressive Simple Past Past Progressive after another She came home, switched on the computer and checked her e-mails. new action My mobile rang (when I was sitting in a meeting.) just mentioning Colin played football yesterday. at the same time Simon was playing on the computer while his brother was watching TV. action already in progress While I was sitting in a meeting, (my mobile suddenly rang.) emphasizing progress Yesterday at six o'clock, Colin was playing football.
  • Simple Past vs Past Progressive Signal words
    • first
    • then
    • Last
    • Ago
    • when
    • while
    • as long as
  • Simple Past vs Present perfect Simple Past Present Perfect irregular verbs: see 2nd column of irregular verbs regular verbs: verb + ed + verb I saw Jane and she saw me. Did + + verb? Did you she Jane? + didn’t+ verb She didn’t see me. To have + past participle + have/ has + past participle I have bought a car. Have/ has+ + past participle? Where have you been? + haven’t/ hasn’t+ past participle I haven’t seen him.
  • Simple Past vs Present perfect Simple Past Present Perfect Simple certain time in the past I phoned Mary 2 minutes ago. certain event in the past He went to Canada last summer. Emphasis on action I bought a new bike. just / already / not yet I have just phoned Mary. whether / how often till now Have you ever been to Canada? / I have been to Canada twice. Emphasis on result I have bought a new bike.
  • Simple Past vs Present perfect Signal words
    • yesterday
    • ... ago
    • in 1990
    • the other day
    • last ...
    • just
    • already
    • up to now
    • until now / till now
    • ever
    • (not) yet
    • so far
    • lately / recently