ROSETTA’s LAST EARTH SWINGBY  ESA Control Centre,  Darmstadt Friday, 13 November 2009
The Rosetta Mission Dr Gerhard Schwehm Rosetta Mission Manager &  Head of Solar System Science Operations Division, ESA
Rosetta - a brief overview <ul><li>Rosetta is an ESA scientific cornerstone mission </li></ul><ul><li>Initially studied as...
Rosetta firsts <ul><li>Rosetta will be the first mission to rendezvous with a comet    nucleus and orbit it for an extende...
Rosetta’s objectives <ul><li>Bringing a lab to a comet! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>determine the physical properties and the ch...
Rosetta’s journey to  67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko <ul><ul><li>Basically it is half-time for the mission  </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Rosetta’s journey to  67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko <ul><li>All major milestones to bring Rosetta to the comet are completed… ...
Launch 2 March 2004,  from Kourou, French Guyana
First Earth swingby, 4 March 2005
Mars swingby, 25 February 2007
Second Earth swingby  13 November 2007
Steins flyby at a distance of  800 km, 5 September 2008
<ul><li>Today final planetary swingby to bring Rosetta on its way to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014. </li></ul>
Rosetta Earth swingby 3 Scientific Observations Dr Rita Schulz Rosetta Project Scientist, ESA
<ul><li>Last planetary swingby of Rosetta </li></ul><ul><li>Closest approach: 13 November 07:45 UT, 2,480 km above Earth s...
ROSETTA EARTH SWING BY 3 Scientific Observations Participating instruments and science measurements  (6-19 November) RPC A...
Rosetta Critical swingby events Andrea Accomazzo Rosetta Spacecraft Operations Manager, ESA
Interplanetary Trajectory <ul><li>Heliocentric speeds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth  30 km/s @ 150 Mkm from the Sun </li></...
Earth swingby 3
Navigation Towards the Earth
OSIRIS image 12 Nov 2009 Credit: ESA ©2009 MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/RSSD/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA
The swingby as seen from the Earth <ul><li>Closest approach (or perigee): </li></ul><ul><li>Time 07:45:40 UTC </li></ul><u...
Rosetta Future Mission Milestones Dr Paolo Ferri Head of Solar and Planetary Missions Division
Mission Profile
Future Mission Milestones <ul><li>Asteroid Lutetia flyby:  10 th  July 2010; </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Space Hibernation:  Ju...
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Rosetta Earth Swingby media presentation 13.11.2009

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Presentation to the media given at ESA/ESOC on 13 November 2009 during the closest approach of Rosetta for her third and last earth swingby.

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Rosetta Earth Swingby media presentation 13.11.2009

  1. 1. ROSETTA’s LAST EARTH SWINGBY ESA Control Centre, Darmstadt Friday, 13 November 2009
  2. 2. The Rosetta Mission Dr Gerhard Schwehm Rosetta Mission Manager & Head of Solar System Science Operations Division, ESA
  3. 3. Rosetta - a brief overview <ul><li>Rosetta is an ESA scientific cornerstone mission </li></ul><ul><li>Initially studied as an ESA/NASA comet-nucleus sample return mission, it later became a European-only mission (with 3 NASA instruments) to perform in-situ measurements at the comet </li></ul><ul><li>Rosetta was endorsed by ESA in 1993 and launched in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko is the final target comet, to be reached in 2014 </li></ul><ul><li>A very precise injection into interplanetary orbit by Ariane 5 allowed Rosetta to have enough fuel for two asteroid encounters on the way: </li></ul><ul><li>- (2867) Steins, 5 September 2008 - (21) Lutetia, 10 July 2010 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rosetta firsts <ul><li>Rosetta will be the first mission to rendezvous with a comet nucleus and orbit it for an extended period </li></ul><ul><li>Rosetta will be the first mission to deploy a Lander (Philae) onto the surface of a comet nucleus. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rosetta’s objectives <ul><li>Bringing a lab to a comet! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>determine the physical properties and the chemical composition of a comet by in-situ investigations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study the evolution of the cometary phenomena (coma and tail) while the comet approaches the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Observe at least one asteroid from close by, so to study another class of primitive members of the solar system to understand better how it was formed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rosetta’s journey to 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko <ul><ul><li>Basically it is half-time for the mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A little more than 5 years after launch and a little less than 5 years to reach the comet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The spacecraft has been performing extremely well and so have the teams here at ESOC, who are at the controls, at ESAC and the experiment teams </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rosetta’s journey to 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko <ul><li>All major milestones to bring Rosetta to the comet are completed… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Launch 2 March 2004, from Kourou, French Guyana
  9. 9. First Earth swingby, 4 March 2005
  10. 10. Mars swingby, 25 February 2007
  11. 11. Second Earth swingby 13 November 2007
  12. 12. Steins flyby at a distance of 800 km, 5 September 2008
  13. 13. <ul><li>Today final planetary swingby to bring Rosetta on its way to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Rosetta Earth swingby 3 Scientific Observations Dr Rita Schulz Rosetta Project Scientist, ESA
  15. 15. <ul><li>Last planetary swingby of Rosetta </li></ul><ul><li>Closest approach: 13 November 07:45 UT, 2,480 km above Earth surface </li></ul><ul><li>Moon closest approach: 13 November 15:41 UT at 220,000 km </li></ul><ul><li>Remote sensing instruments will perform science and calibration measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Limited visibility of Rosetta from Earth (observations from ESA/OGS on Tenerife) </li></ul><ul><li>Closest approach over day side </li></ul><ul><li>Over night side until shortly before the closest approach over the Pacific Ocean </li></ul>ROSETTA EARTH SWINGBY 3 Scientific Observations
  16. 16. ROSETTA EARTH SWING BY 3 Scientific Observations Participating instruments and science measurements (6-19 November) RPC All sensors active (9-16 November) Earth-Moon system, plasma & magnetospheric studies OSIRIS Imaging of Earth (e.g. Berlin, NYC, Atlantic, islands in south pacific) and Moon ALICE Star occultation by Moon VIRTIS Earth night-side observations MIRO Moon studies (search for water) OSIRIS/VIRTIS/ALICE Auroral search and study, upper atmosphere, oxygen night glow
  17. 17. Rosetta Critical swingby events Andrea Accomazzo Rosetta Spacecraft Operations Manager, ESA
  18. 18. Interplanetary Trajectory <ul><li>Heliocentric speeds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth 30 km/s @ 150 Mkm from the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comet 33 km/s @ 186 Mkm from the Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rosetta heliocentric speeds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After launch 30.0 km/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After 1 st Earth swingby 33.8 km/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After 2 nd Earth swingby 35.1 km/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After 3 rd Earth swingby 38.7 km/s </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Earth swingby 3
  20. 20. Navigation Towards the Earth
  21. 21. OSIRIS image 12 Nov 2009 Credit: ESA ©2009 MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/UPD/LAM/IAA/RSSD/INTA/UPM/DASP/IDA
  22. 22. The swingby as seen from the Earth <ul><li>Closest approach (or perigee): </li></ul><ul><li>Time 07:45:40 UTC </li></ul><ul><li>Altitude 2481 km </li></ul><ul><li>Geocentric speed 13.34 km/s or 48,024 km/h </li></ul>
  23. 23. Rosetta Future Mission Milestones Dr Paolo Ferri Head of Solar and Planetary Missions Division
  24. 24. Mission Profile
  25. 25. Future Mission Milestones <ul><li>Asteroid Lutetia flyby: 10 th July 2010; </li></ul><ul><li>Deep Space Hibernation: July 2011-January 2014; </li></ul><ul><li>Comet arrival: May 2014; </li></ul><ul><li>Landing: November 2014; </li></ul><ul><li>Perihelion: August 2015; </li></ul><ul><li>End of mission: December 2015. </li></ul>

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