Herschel: Seeing the world in a different light

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ESA Space Science Talks March 2009. Eckard Sturm: Seeing the world in a different light: the Herschel infrared observatory's Photoconductor Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) instrument in a …

ESA Space Science Talks March 2009. Eckard Sturm: Seeing the world in a different light: the Herschel infrared observatory's Photoconductor Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) instrument in a nutshell.

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  • 1. Eckhard Sturm Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics Garching, Germany Herschel and Planck – Space Science Talks ESOC / Schloss Braunshardt 19/03/2009 SEEING THE WORLD IN A DIFFERENT LIGHT HERSCHEL-PACS IN A NUTSHELL
  • 2. The PACS Consortium: 15 Institutes in 6 Countries Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page PACS has been designed and built by a consortium of institutes and university departments from across Europe under the leadership of Principal Investigator Albrecht Poglitsch located at Max-Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany. Consortium members are: Austria: UVIE; Belgium: IMEC, KUL, CSL; France: CEA, OAMP; Germany: MPE, MPIA; Italy: IFSI, OAP/OAT, OAA/CAISMI, LENS, SISSA; Spain: IAC.
  • 3. Germany Europe France Beligum PACS – Industrial Partners and Funding Agencies Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page Austria Italy http://pacs.mpe.mpg.de/  Industrial Partners & Funding Agencies Spain Thomas Markl GmbH
  • 4. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
  • 5. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
    • Imaging photometer ( Camera)
    • two detector arrays („chips“):
    • 512 and 2048 pixel
    • simultaneous imaging in two
    • out of three colours
    • (70, 100, 160 μm)
    • Spectrometer
    • - two detector arrays: 400 pixel each
    • integral field spectroscopy,
    • i.e. images in the light of spectral
    • lines of atoms, ions and molecules
    • (wavelength f rom 57 to 210 μm)
    A P hotodetector A rray C amera & S pectrometer
  • 6. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
    • Imaging photometer ( Camera)
    • two detector arrays („chips“):
    • 512 and 2048 pixel
    • simultaneous imaging in two
    • out of three colours
    • (70, 100, 160 μm)
    • Spectrometer
    • - two detector arrays: 400 pixel each
    • integral field spectroscopy,
    • i.e. images in the light of spectral
    • lines of atoms, ions and molecules
    • (wavelength f rom 57 to 210 μm)
    A P hotodetector A rray C amera & S pectrometer
  • 7. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page PACS Focal Plane Unit (FPU)
  • 8. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
  • 9. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
  • 10. Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page PACS – The Advantage of the Infrared
  • 11. PACS – The Instrument Blue focal plane Photometer unit with blue + red focal planes and 3 He cooler Pixel Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page Bolometer Arrays (Photometer) - Two filled arrays: 64x32 Pixel (Blue) and 32x16 Pixel (Red) - Bolometer and multiplexing read-out electronics: operated at 0.3K (≈ -273°C)
  • 12. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page Spectrometer Arrays
    • simultaneous 57-105 & 105-210 μ m spectroscopy - two 16x25 Ge:Ga detector arrays, partially under high mechanical stress
  • 13. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page DPU SPU BOLC DMC
  • 14. DPU SPU BOLC DECMEC
  • 15. PACS – The Science Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
  • 16. PACS – The Science Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page JCMT SCUBA
  • 17. THANK YOU Dr. Eckhard Sturm [email_address] http://www.mpe.mpg.de/ http://pacs.mpe.mpg.de/
  • 18. HERSCHEL-PACS IN A NUTSHELL Eckhard Sturm Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics Garching, Germany Herschel and Planck – Space Science Talks ESOC / Schloss Braunshardt 19/03/2009
  • 19. HERSCHEL-PACS 1 IN A NUTSHELL Eckhard Sturm Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics Garching, Germany Herschel and Planck – Space Science Talks ESOC / Schloss Braunshardt 19/03/2009 1 PACS = P hotodetector A rray C amera & S pectrometer
  • 20. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page
    • Imaging photometer ( Camera)
    • two detector arrays („chips“): 512 and 2048 pixel
    • simultaneous imaging in two
    • out of three colours
    • (70, 100, 160 μm)
    • Spectrometer
    • - two detector arrays: 400 pixel each
    • integral field spectroscopy,
    • i.e. images in the light of spectral
    • lines of atoms, ions and molecules
    • (wavelength f rom 57 to 210 μm)
  • 21. PACS – The Instrument Herschel-PACS in a Nutshell | Eckhard Sturm | Schloss Braunshardt| Page