Euro Cat Cscl Paul Kirschner

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Euro Cat Cscl Paul Kirschner

  1. 1. Can we afford CSCL? …and do we have the TIME? Paul A. Kirschner Open Universiteit Nederland 1
  2. 2. Affordances 2
  3. 3. Affordance??? Possibility for action • reciprocal relation • perception-action coupling (you perceive something and thus you do something) 3
  4. 4. In other words, while an object can offer an opportunity, it does not have an affordance 4
  5. 5. What is CSCL? • Learning • With others (Collaboration) • Supported by a computer network PLACE (Electronic) project Problem-based same co-located rooms learning place groups contiguous learning group synchronous asynchronous TIME co-presence time deferred asynchronous distributed learning group Video Threaded conferencing discussion lists different place distributed 5
  6. 6. Premise 1 Artifacts and our perception of them influence our behavior 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Premise 2 Behavior is determined by: • Culture • Material • Technology In other words: Behavior is context- bound 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Premise 3 Education is always a combination of technological, social and pedagogic/educational affordances 10
  11. 11. Educational authentic task group responsibility external internal control control individual responsibility constructed task 11
  12. 12. interdependence positive negative none interaction promotive oppositional none acceptance, support, rejection, distrust, affordances none trust, liking disliking information exchange, no or misleading activities mutual influence, none communication resource utilization emotional high low none involvement cooperative competitive individualistic Social 12
  13. 13. Presence Trust 13
  14. 14. Cohesiveness / Group forming Form Storm Norm Perform Adjourn Belonging 14
  15. 15. (Tele)proximity Archetypical Social Affordance Devices 15
  16. 16. Technical 16
  17. 17. What’s time got to do with it? Social awareness • Presence – Being aware of others • Cohesiveness – Group forming takes time • Trust – Needs to be built • Belonging – Feeling must grow Attitudes & Beliefs Team Psychological Safety Orientation Mutual Trust Coordinating Mechanisms Shared Mental Models Closed‐Loop Communication Behavioral Components Mutual Performance Monitoring Team Effectiveness Back-Up Behavior Team Leadership Adaptability Developmental Forming Storming Norming Performing 1 Reforming Performing 2 Conforming Perspective First meeting Phase 1 Transition Phase 2 + = Intermediate variables + = Variables not included in the research = Direct influence = Conditional or supporting effect 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. What’s time got to do with it? Educational awareness • Transaction costs – Communication – Coordination • Benefits – Effectiveness – Efficiency – Understanding 19
  20. 20. Elegant? Negotiation process Unshared knowledge External knowledge Externalisation Shared knowledge Internalisation Shared formalism 20
  21. 21. Negotiation Tool 21
  22. 22. What’s time got to do with it? Technological opportunities and constraints – Platform features – Synchronicity – Bandwidth – Mobility Platform features + Learner features = Learning AFFORDANCE How can CSCL be optimized by proper usage of technological, educational and social affordances? Analyze the Design CSCL combination of (environments) and educational, social, tools for optimizing and technological (the perception of) affordances for affordances for collaborative learning. learning. 22
  23. 23. Learner / user What do learners actually do? experience What do learners want to do? Support / How can we support what they do? affordances What affordances are needed? Constraints / What are the physical, logical and conventions cultural limitations encountered? How does the learner perceive the Learner / user support? perceptions How does the learner actually use Learner / user the support? experience What has the learner / learning Learning group actually achieved? Moltes gràcies / Muchas gracias / Kiitos paljon / Merci beaucoup / Hartelijk bedankt / Thanks paul.kirschner@ou.nl 23

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