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The Russian Consonant Sounds

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Reading Rules for the Russian consonants.

Reading Rules for the Russian consonants.

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  • 1. Russian Consonant Sounds by Eugenia Vlasova http://properrussian.com
  • 2. The Russian consonant sounds can be voiced or voiceless, hard or soft
  • 3. Russian Consonant Sounds Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless Б В Г Д Ж З Л М Н Р Б' В' Г' Д' З' Й Л' М' Н' Р' К П С Т Ф Х Ц Ш К' П' С' Т' Ф' Х' Ч Щ
  • 4. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ББ' ПП'
  • 5. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ВВ' ФФ'
  • 6. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ГГ' КК'
  • 7. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ДД' ТТ'
  • 8. Paired consonants Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ЗЗ' СС'
  • 9. Always Hard Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless Ж— Ш—
  • 10. Always Hard and Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— Ц—
  • 11. Always Soft and Voiced Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —Й ——
  • 12. Always Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— ХХ'
  • 13. Always Soft and Voiceless Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless —— —Ч
  • 14. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ЛЛ' ——
  • 15. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless ММ' ——
  • 16. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless НН' ——
  • 17. No Voiceless pairs Soft Hard Voiced Voiceless РР' ——
  • 18. Reading Rules A character represents a soft consonant sound if it is followed by any of these letters: Ь, И, Е, Ё, Ю, Я
  • 19. Reading Rules otherwise, the character represents a hard consonant sound
  • 20. Reading Rules Ж, Ш, Ц are always hard
  • 21. Reading Rules Щand Ч are always soft
  • 22. Reading Rules A voiced consonant turns into a voiceless one when: ● is the last letter of a word ● is followed by a voiceless consonant
  • 23. Thank you For more information, visit http://properrussian.com

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