Photo 1 Beginning Photography
Eugene Louie Foothill College
Circle the Correct Answer
This Final Examination must be turned in at the end of class.
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Which one of the following f/stops produces the least amount of depth of field?
22 5.6 2.8 11 4 1.4 16 32 2 8 45
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When a negative is enlarged to a great degree, which term best describes the film’s structure or
a) focal matter
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Selective focus is used to: ____________________.
a) increase contrast to highlight structure
b) isolate the plane of foucs and make the subject stand out from the background.
c) make the enlargement sharper all the way to the edges
d) increase depth of field and have everything in focus
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To increase the depth of field, one should ________________.
a) use a larger f/stop number
b) use a smaller f/stop number
c) change the metering mode
d) give more exposure while enlarging
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If you point a photographic light meter to measure a completely black door and
make an exposure using what the light meter suggests, what tone will result in
the finished photograph (assuming exposure meter, film development, and print
exposure have been standardized)?
a) black overall
b) 18% gray overall
c) white overall
d) can’t determine from the information given in the question.
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Using the same light meter as above, the photographer measures the reflectance
of light from a white polar bear. The reading is 1 / 500 th of a second at f / 11.
What answer best describes what the photographer would do if he wanted the
polar bear to appear white, versus an overall gray tone?
a) close down 1 f/ stop, so the exposure is 1 / 500 th of a second at f/ 16
b) expose as the meter suggested, at 1/500 th of a second @ f/ 11
c) open up 2 stops, at 1/500 th of a second @ f / 5.6
d) close down two stops, at 1/500 th of a second @ f / 22
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If a photographer is taking a portrait of a person, the photographer should focus
a) the tip of the person’s nose so the most of the depth of field will make the
face appear the sharpest in the final picture.
b) focus on the subject’s eyes, because even if part of the portrait is out of
focus, the viewer will accept the portrait because it is natural to believe the
portrait is sharp if the eyes are sharp.
c) use a small f/stop like f/ 16 and it won’t matter what part of the face the
photographer focuses on.
d) focus on a person’s mouth and the entire face will be on the same plane
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On a lens, a maximum aperture of f 1.4 is considered ______________.
a) a slow lens
b) the optimum f top for making enlargements
c) the best aperture to use for color negative films
d) useful in situations where there are low light levels
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If you have a very thin negative , and you want to produce the best possible,
a) use a # 1 filter or lower
b) use a # 2 filer
c) don’t use any filter in this case
d) use a # 3 filter or higher
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A thick or heavy negative can be described as:
a) having an overall appearance of clear film
b) being too contrasty
c) having the appearance of being too opaque
d) the film edge numbering and film type coding missing
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What is ONE important purpose for using fixer?
a) to bring out the contrast in an enlargement
b) to make the film more flexible for the enlarging step
c) to keep the film moist during the entire process
d) to ensure that the photograph will not fade
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The recommended film and paper time development time will increase if the
temperature of the developer rises.
13 of 40
When printing a black and white negative on an enlarger in the darkroom, the
technique of “burning in” makes a local area darker than other areas on the same
piece of paper.
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You can intentionally control film contrast by decreasing or increasing the
development time of black and white film.
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The angle of view in a photograph is determined by the lens’ focal length
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What is the equivalent exposure for 1 / 60 th of a second at f / 16?
a) 1 / 4 th of a second at f / 32
b) 1 / 125 th of a second at f / 8
c) 1 / 500 th of a second at f / 5.6
d) 1 / 30 th of a second at f / 11
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You can achieve maximum black by
a) using longer exposure time and / or a wider aperture
b) selecting a higher numbered f/ stop
c) using an opaque board for burning
d) waiting a few moments longer after exposure before developing
18 of 40
You should never set the aperture at intermediate values, i.e. halfway between f/
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What is the recommended f / stop to use when making an enlargement?
a) use the smallest f/ stop on the enlarger’s lens.
b) close down two stops from the maximum aperture, on the enlarger’s lens.
c) open the enlarging lens to maximum aperture
d) use the same aperture that was set on the camera when the film was
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The base side of the film can be identified when _________.
a) the pre-printed frame numbers on found on the edge of the film can be
properly read, and is not reversed.
b) the film is wet because the base side will appear dull
c) cannot be identified, because the film base looks the same after it is
d) none of the above
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When performing the final wash in film processing, which is the procedure that
conserves the most water, yet washes the film most effectively?
a) washing film under a faucet of running water for 5 minutes
b) a quick 30 second water rinse followed by a vigorous shaking motion to rid
the reel of excess water.
c) using a hypo clearing agent like Permawash, followed by a plain water
wash at the manufacturer’s recommended time, with the water as close to
68 degrees as possible.
d) none of the above.
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While loading your exposed black and white film on to a reel, it is ok to have an
amber-colored-safelight on so you can see that your are loading the film properly.
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What does the rule of thirds refer to?
a) a method of creating visually effective compositions
b) a way to keep bothersome elements out of a composition
c) a way of thinking whereby there MUST exist an odd number of elements
(as opposed to an even number) in a composition to make a more
d) an equation from geometry that states good exposures must be divisible
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Which of the following photographer is most closely associated with composing
his photographs using the rule of thirds?
a) Ansel Adams
b) Brett Weston
c) Henri Cartier-Bresson
d) Jerry Uelsmann
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A 400 mm lens, for a 35 mm camera, is considered a:
a) short lens
b) a long lens
c) a fisheye lens
d) a long lens
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Which is the correct sequence and times for processing RC prints?
a) developer 60 seconds, stop bath 15 seconds, fixer 2 minutes
b) developer 60 seconds, stop bath 5 seconds, fixer 3 minutes
c) developer 90 seconds, stop bath 5 seconds, fixer 3 minutes
d) developer 90 seconds, stop bath 15 seconds, fixer 2 minutes
27 of 40
The minimum focus distance of a lens ____________.
a) is the equivalent of a low contrast filter
b) permits you to focus as close as the lens allows
c) makes you frame your subject squarely
d) allows you to take pictures without thinking
28 of 40
When using an electronic strobe attached to a 35 mm camera that has a focal
plane shutter it is important to:
a) Check the batteries in the flash unit to make sure they are fresh.
b) Measure the distance between the strobe and the subject.
c) Read the camera’s user manual to determine the correct “synch” speed to
use, so this type of shutter can accommodate the very brief burst of light.
d) Set the f /stop to f /8 and take the picture.
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Focusing on the hyperfocal distance will give you maximum depth of field in a
30 of 40
Which of the following statements most accurately describe perspective, or how
the camera sees.
a) Perspective is affected by the lens-to-subject distance, not by lens focal
b) Perspective is affected by the values your parents taught you as you were
growing up. This is the nurture versus nature theory.
c) Perspective seems to increase if background objects appear larger than
d) Perspective is an illusion.
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The light meter built inside a 35 mm camera is most likely a ____________
a) Incident meter
b) Reflected meter
c) Color temperature meter
d) Densitometer meter
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A light meter that usually looks like it has half a “ping pong ball” to allow light to
fall on it is called:
a) A reflected light meter
b) An incident light meter
c) An old fashion light meter used only with 4x5 view cameras
d) A middle gray light meter
33 of 40
When judging a black and white print, density refers to:
a) the contrast between the tones of a photograph
b) the light or darkness of a print
c) how smart the photographer is
d) a very opaque, heavy, negative
34 of 40
To a western or European audience, a subtle tension can be created in a
photograph by movement of a subject from right to left.
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A standard recommendation for landscape photography is:
a) Put something in the foreground to give a sense of depth.
b) Put the subject in the middle of the viewfinder so the landscape will be the
c) Place a person in the scene wearing a red sweater.
d) Always use the rule of thirds.
36 of 40
Which is the best way to eliminate or lessen the affect of a distracting
a) Physically move to a new position so whatever is annoying behind your
main subject is not in the viewfinder.
b) Use a telephoto lens at maximum aperture, so only the subject will be in
c) Have the subject move, so the noisy background is not in the frame, if the
type of photography allows you to do so ethically.
d) All of the above
37 of 40
If the purpose of your photograph is to emphasize and enhance the texture of an
object, and you want to portray the object in an appealing light (like advertising
photography) a very common method of lighting is?
a) Use a strobe in an umbrella, at camera level right next to you.
b) Sidelight the subject. This approach will produce the most texture in the
c) Place the light source on the ground and pointed up toward the subject.
d) Don’t use strobes because they are too unpredictable. It would be better
to use “hot” lights, which are large studio lights that are constantly on.
38 of 40
If a photographer uses a diagonal line in composing the picture, the affect
created will be?
a) Boring, because a horizontal line is much more active.
b) The photograph will have a sense of movement, or feel more dynamic.
c) Produce a peaceful calming feeling in the viewer
d) A sense of balance.
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