What is needed to advance African agriculture?

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By Steve Wiggins, Overseas Development Institute - Bruxelles, 17 octobre 2007

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What is needed to advance African agriculture?

  1. 1. What is needed to advance African Agriculture? Steve Wiggins Overseas Development Institute
  2. 2. Main messages <ul><li>African agriculture can advance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reasons to be optimistic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tailor solutions to different: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>problems, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regions, & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social groups </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Is African agriculture in crisis?
  4. 4. No single way forward: Problems <ul><li>Market failures </li></ul><ul><li>Government & policy failure </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate technology lacking </li></ul><ul><li>Too little effective demand for output </li></ul><ul><li>Different circumstances, different limitations </li></ul>
  5. 5. No single way forward: territories Intensification à base de travail et/ou capital en fonction de la structuration préalable du milieu (Kano vs Koutiala) Culture d'autosubsistance intensive en travail faiblement rémunératrice forte émigration Forte Grandes exploitations mécanisées intensives en capital (fronts pionniers cotonnier, deuxième couronne péri-urbaine) Culture extensive d'auto-subsistance ou émigration. Importance de 1'élévage Faible Pression sur les ressources Fort Faible (ou trop risqué) Accès au marché Snrech 1995
  6. 6. No single way forward: Social Groups …. Land holding amongst small farmers (Jayne et al. 2005)
  7. 7. No single way forward: Social Groups Three Options (Dorward et al. at Wye/SOAS) Technology: food staples Social Protection Early start for next generation Hang In  protect & survive Education & Skills Migration: info, rights, remittances Step Out  into non-farm economy Transport, Inputs, Credit Technology Farmer organisation Step Up  intensifying farming
  8. 8. Summing up <ul><li>Success possible </li></ul><ul><li>But need detailed thinking about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Particular problems faced, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of different districts, & </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences between households </li></ul></ul>

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