Policy context: the case of eastern and central Africa
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Policy context: the case of eastern and central Africa

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By Michael Waithaka, ASARECA ...

By Michael Waithaka, ASARECA
Brussels, 4 July 2007

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  • 1. Policy context: the case of eastern and central Africa Michael Waithaka ASARECA Entebbe, Uganda Briefing session on Key challenges for rural development in the ACP countries, Brussels, 4th July 2007
  • 2. Some features of the region
    • high variability over space and time
      • no dominant food crops and farming systems
      • complicates targeting of innovations
    • low productivity and fragile resource base
    • small and fragmented informal markets
    • weak links along R4D chains
      • research and extension
      • donor, public and private sector
  • 3. Commodity yields - 2003 2,197 496 427 Kg/anim/yr cow milk 1.72 1.17 0.92 kg/anim chicken 200 148 127 kg/anim beef 65.29 56.75 4.11 mt/ha sugar cane 13.49 4.32 4.29 mt/ha s potato 1.75 0.69 0.51 mt/ha oilseeds 1.33 1.96 1.85 mt/ha tea 15.25 6.59 4.69 mt/ha banana 0.70 0.62 0.60 mt/ha beans 10.76 8.83 8.18 mt/ha cassava 4.47 1.61 1.39 mt/ha maize Global Africa ECA units
  • 4. Regional dimensions
    • Common Market for Eastern and Central Africa
      • 400 million people
      • annual trade US$160, exports US$82
    • 80% of trade in eastern and central Africa is domestic and informal - food staples
    • intra regional trade hampered by
      • informal markets – low volumes, quality and safety
      • poor rationalization and harmonization of policies, regulations and laws
      • non tariff barriers
  • 5. Examples of policy changes
    • Seed companies producing and selling in different countries
    • Regional training curricula for informal milk traders supported by regional dairy regulators
    • Pilot countries developing quality standards and policy guidelines for cassava products
    • COMESA spearheading biosafety regulation in the region
    • Improving capacity to effecting policy changes
  • 6. Framework for African Agricultural Productivity farmer 1. Evolution & reform of agricultural institutions & services 3. Aligned & coordinated financial support 2. Increasing the scale of Africa’s investment Extension, research, training & education African countries, private sector Development agencies, int’l financing institutions
  • 7. Conclusion
    • rural development – integrated affair
      • markets, infrastructure, education, finance, health
    • development of high value crop chains
      • value addition, grades and standards, partnerships
    • coordination of public private institutions
      • flexible and effective cooperation including resource mobilization
    • CAADP and regional coordination
      • public goods and spillovers
      • innovation systems and capacity building
      • contribution to EPAs