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After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective
 

After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective

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Presentation by Yehualashet Mekonen (ACPF) during the High Level Policy Forum - After 2015: Promoting Pro-poor Policy after the MDGs - Brussels, 23 June 2009 - http://www.bit.ly/after2015

Presentation by Yehualashet Mekonen (ACPF) during the High Level Policy Forum - After 2015: Promoting Pro-poor Policy after the MDGs - Brussels, 23 June 2009 - http://www.bit.ly/after2015

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    After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective Presentation Transcript

    • After 2015 Agenda for AfricaWhy development should be seen from individual persons perspective Yehualashet Mekonen Coordinator, Information and Statistics The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) 23rd June 2009, Brussels
    • The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) An independent pan-African policy and advocacy centre on child rights and wellbeing. Mission: to put children in Africa at the centre of public and political agenda It also aims to contribute to: Knowledge generation Identifying policy options  Strengthening the capacity of NGOs, GOs
    • The African Report on Child Wellbeing Ranking based on the Child- friendliness Index An African voice for children Rich in information and analysis Policy recommendations www.africanchildforum.org
    • Human Development in Africa  Expanding people’s choice  Ensuring people’s enjoyment of their civil and political rights  Two sets of initiatives:  Initiatives by Africa  Programmes initiated for Africa  Initiatives by Africa  Were opposed and not supported  Based on the principles– self-reliance, self-sustainment and socio-economic transformation
    • Human Development in Africa… Development programmes initiated for Africa: Prescriptions by the global financial institutions  The infamous structural adjustment Poverty was highly rampant
    • The Millennium Declaration and Goals Africa’s special need recognised Pledge to support for poverty eradication and sustainable development Bringing Africa into the world economy Key role in monitoring development A framework for international development cooperation
    • Current Status of Poverty in Africa Poverty remains generally high in Africa the proportion of the poor in Africa is in the range of 50 – 60 percent A slight decline in the last few years (prior the food crisis)
    • People in sub-Saharan Africa living on less than $1.25 a day (2005 PPP) by yearPeople in sub-Saharan Africa living on less than $1.25 a day (2005 PPP) by year 60 380 58 Share of the Share of population (%) population (%) Number (millions) 56 Number of people (millions) 54 330 52 50 280 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 Year
    • Current Status of Poverty in Africa…Increase in the absolute number of people living in poverty Child poverty is very serious concernIncidence of poverty higher among children than adults In Ethiopia: child poverty was 3 percentage-points higher in 2004/2005.
    • Current Status of Poverty in Africa…Nutrition Underweight among children under-five is estimated 28 percent in SSA (2007) It was 31 percent around 2000 The actual number of children who suffer from malnutrition increased by 12 percent. It was nearly 32 million in 2000 Increased to 36 million in 2007
    • Increase in the number of underweight children Increase in the number of underweight children 30 20 Chad In absolute number Eritrea In percentage Niger 10 SSA Ethiopia 0 -10
    • Impact of climate change in Africa  Shrinking lakes and reduction in reserviors  Shortage of water  Recurrent drought due to erratic rain  Vulnerability to food security
    • Access to Education Investing in human capital is critical for economic growth and poverty reduction Access to primary and secondary Encouraging developments All except sub-Saharan Africa will meet the goal: universal primary enrolment Net enrolment ratio reached 71 percent in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Pupil-to-teacher ratio in countries with high net enrolment rate (90+) for 2006 Rwanda 69 Madagascar 49 Sao Tome and Principe 31 Mauritius 22 Seychelles 12 World 25 Sub-Saharan Africa 45 0 20 40 60 80
    • Quality of Education Survival rate to last primary grade lower Low quality of education hurts the poor Preoccupation with primary educationSecondary enrolment (net) Female - 24% Male – 28% The need to emphasis on secondary and tertiary education Improving quality at all levels
    • Agenda for 2015 No more universal targets Qualifying indicators on quality Population dynamics Long-term capacity building programmes on:  Science Technology Policy space
    • Thank you