After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective


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Presentation by Yehualashet Mekonen (ACPF) during the High Level Policy Forum - After 2015: Promoting Pro-poor Policy after the MDGs - Brussels, 23 June 2009 -

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After 2015 Agenda for Africa - Why development should be seen from individual persons perspective

  1. 1. After 2015 Agenda for AfricaWhy development should be seen from individual persons perspective Yehualashet Mekonen Coordinator, Information and Statistics The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) 23rd June 2009, Brussels
  2. 2. The African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) An independent pan-African policy and advocacy centre on child rights and wellbeing. Mission: to put children in Africa at the centre of public and political agenda It also aims to contribute to: Knowledge generation Identifying policy options  Strengthening the capacity of NGOs, GOs
  3. 3. The African Report on Child Wellbeing Ranking based on the Child- friendliness Index An African voice for children Rich in information and analysis Policy recommendations
  4. 4. Human Development in Africa  Expanding people’s choice  Ensuring people’s enjoyment of their civil and political rights  Two sets of initiatives:  Initiatives by Africa  Programmes initiated for Africa  Initiatives by Africa  Were opposed and not supported  Based on the principles– self-reliance, self-sustainment and socio-economic transformation
  5. 5. Human Development in Africa… Development programmes initiated for Africa: Prescriptions by the global financial institutions  The infamous structural adjustment Poverty was highly rampant
  6. 6. The Millennium Declaration and Goals Africa’s special need recognised Pledge to support for poverty eradication and sustainable development Bringing Africa into the world economy Key role in monitoring development A framework for international development cooperation
  7. 7. Current Status of Poverty in Africa Poverty remains generally high in Africa the proportion of the poor in Africa is in the range of 50 – 60 percent A slight decline in the last few years (prior the food crisis)
  8. 8. People in sub-Saharan Africa living on less than $1.25 a day (2005 PPP) by yearPeople in sub-Saharan Africa living on less than $1.25 a day (2005 PPP) by year 60 380 58 Share of the Share of population (%) population (%) Number (millions) 56 Number of people (millions) 54 330 52 50 280 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 Year
  9. 9. Current Status of Poverty in Africa…Increase in the absolute number of people living in poverty Child poverty is very serious concernIncidence of poverty higher among children than adults In Ethiopia: child poverty was 3 percentage-points higher in 2004/2005.
  10. 10. Current Status of Poverty in Africa…Nutrition Underweight among children under-five is estimated 28 percent in SSA (2007) It was 31 percent around 2000 The actual number of children who suffer from malnutrition increased by 12 percent. It was nearly 32 million in 2000 Increased to 36 million in 2007
  11. 11. Increase in the number of underweight children Increase in the number of underweight children 30 20 Chad In absolute number Eritrea In percentage Niger 10 SSA Ethiopia 0 -10
  12. 12. Impact of climate change in Africa  Shrinking lakes and reduction in reserviors  Shortage of water  Recurrent drought due to erratic rain  Vulnerability to food security
  13. 13. Access to Education Investing in human capital is critical for economic growth and poverty reduction Access to primary and secondary Encouraging developments All except sub-Saharan Africa will meet the goal: universal primary enrolment Net enrolment ratio reached 71 percent in sub-Saharan Africa
  14. 14. Pupil-to-teacher ratio in countries with high net enrolment rate (90+) for 2006 Rwanda 69 Madagascar 49 Sao Tome and Principe 31 Mauritius 22 Seychelles 12 World 25 Sub-Saharan Africa 45 0 20 40 60 80
  15. 15. Quality of Education Survival rate to last primary grade lower Low quality of education hurts the poor Preoccupation with primary educationSecondary enrolment (net) Female - 24% Male – 28% The need to emphasis on secondary and tertiary education Improving quality at all levels
  16. 16. Agenda for 2015 No more universal targets Qualifying indicators on quality Population dynamics Long-term capacity building programmes on:  Science Technology Policy space
  17. 17. Thank you