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Advancing African Agriculture through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)

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By Dr Angel Elias Daka, COMESA - Brussels, 17 October 2007

By Dr Angel Elias Daka, COMESA - Brussels, 17 October 2007

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    Advancing African Agriculture through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Advancing African Agriculture through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) Presentation Transcript

    • ADVANCING AFRICAN AGRICULTURE THROUGH THE COMPREHENSIVE AFRICA AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CAADP) By Dr. Ir.Angel Elias Daka, Food Security Advisor Email:adaka@comesa.int
    • FOOD INSECURITY: AFRICA’S MAJOR PROBLEM 1. Low Agriculture productivity causing food insecurity. 2. Food insecurity affecting Over 60% of the population and about 370 million people in COMESA at risk of starvation. 3. Food supply or production rate is lower than population rate of increase which averages about 3%. 4. Low irrigation Development(12.6 million hectares ) vs the high potential of 596.7 million hectares that represents about 20% of the land area.
    • CAUSES OF FOOD INSECURITY 1. Unsustainable farming systems – Low productivity. 2. Under-utilization of available water resources (low irrigation development). 3. Frequent droughts. 4. Desertification. 5. Soil erosion and soil fertility loss. 6. Loss of biodiversity and general natural resources. 7. Declining world market share due to uncompetitiveness of African agricultural products and generally. 8. Declining commodity prices for some traditional export crops-hence the need for diversification.
    • Why CAADP & Agriculture? 1. 874 million hectares of Africa’s land is considered suitable for agricultural production. 2. 83% of this land is restricted by serious soil fertility or other limitations 3. Land degradation affects 67% of Sub-Saharan Africa. 4. Over 80% of the African population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods. 5. In COMESA Region, Agriculture accounts for; - 32% of GDP within the COMESA - provides a livelihood for about 80% of the labour force
    • WHAT IS THE CAADP AGENDA? 1. To cut hunger by half by the year 2015. 2. Achieve a sustained Agriculture annual growth rate of 6% from the present dismal average of 2.5% by 2015. 3. Attain an Agricultural investment budget at 10% of total country's annual budget by 2015. 4. Reduce food deficit member states from 15 to 5. 5. Regional compacts dev. Covering Regional priorities- multi-country development programmes. *This Agenda is pursued through a CAADP process in each of the COMESA member states.
    • Step 1 Step8: Fund raising Step 2: National and implementation Stakeholder Focal Point inclusiveness, Partnerships appointed Donor conference and and attends Implementation meeting CAADP processes launched 4. Research and Round Table Technology Step 7:Stakeholders conference and 3. Food security endorsement signing of compact Step 3 2. Markets and Policy guidance trade Technical input Steering 1. Land an d and Step 6: Consensus Water Technical building management The Committees National appointed Compact developed and Cabinet memo discussed discussed and Stock taking and approved gap analysis Step 4: Government Steps Leading to support and backing Compact Round Table and Step 5: Identify gaps and investment Implementation options
    • CAADP’S FOUR PILLARS 1. Pillar 1:Extending the area under sustainable land management and reliable water control systems (NEPAD/WWF/W.bank). 2. Pillar 2: Improving Rural Infrastructure and Trade Related Capacities for Market Access (G8/EU) 6. Pillar3:Increase Food Supply, Reduce Hunger and Improve Responses to Food Emergency Crises(MSU/NEPAD/USAID) 9. Pillar4:Improving agriculture research technology dissemination & adoption (G8/ASARECA/FANRPAN)
    • PRIORITY COUNTRIES FOR EARLY ACTIONS 1. Rwanda 2. Malawi 3. Zambia 4. Uganda 5. Kenya 6. Ethiopia * By December 2007 CAADP Fully Launched in these countries.Rwanda already launched.
    • CONCLUSIONS 1. CAADP –all COMESA 2. Technical stocktaking process - at various stages in COMESA. 3. Rwanda was the first country to fully launch the CAADP. 4. technical stocktaking process of respective states is at various stages 5. Development partners in Agriculture for Africa should be aligned to the CAADP
    • Thank You