Capacity Development needs Climate Change Capacity Development


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Presentation given by Isabelle Niang (ENDA TM) on a side event of the European Development Days - Lisbon, 7 November 2007

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Capacity Development needs Climate Change Capacity Development

  1. 1. Capacity development needs Climate change capacity development Dr Isabelle NIANG ENDA TM (Energy, Environment, Development team) [email_address]
  2. 2. Why capacity development is necessary in Africa? <ul><li>Africa is one of the continents the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change (IPCC WGII report, chapter 9) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of the negative impacts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very limited capacities to adapt </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The main impacts of CC in Africa
  4. 5. Why capacity development is necessary in Africa? <ul><li>The capacities to adapt are limited and will certainly be insufficient to adapt to climate change (IPCC WGII 4th SPM) </li></ul>
  5. 6. From B. Osman-Elasha
  6. 7. The need for capacity development <ul><li>Must address different levels in Africa </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local stakeholders and communities </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. The need for capacity development <ul><li>The institutional level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A positive context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The declaration of the African Union (january 2007) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The development of sub-regional strategies to adapt to climate change (ECOWAS for example) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The existence of national frameworks for climate change (national committees on climate change) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A number of existing projects related to CC (ACCCA, CCAA, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be strengthened to address the integration of CC issues into national development plans </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The need for capacity development <ul><li>The research community is there </li></ul><ul><li>But still weak </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geographical and thematic distribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of continuous funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited links with policy and local levels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A necessary component for adaptation to climate change </li></ul>
  9. 10. Scholes et al., 2006
  10. 11. Recommendations: research <ul><li>Support existing/emerging networks (AfricanNESS) </li></ul><ul><li>Increase funding to retain and create scientific capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Support centres of excellence and encourage multidisciplinary research </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage large, international research campaigns in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Address key observational gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the links between science and policy and with education at all levels </li></ul>
  11. 12. The need for capacity development <ul><li>The local capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation will take place mainly at local level </li></ul><ul><li>The main reasons of low adaptive capacity are known </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of / destructuration of the society organizations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited power of local communities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>The development of a guidebook for local decision makers </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The development of a guidebook for local decision makers </li></ul>
  14. 15. TOTAL Idem pour les considérations à appliquer Idem Améliorer la Santé des populations Is there a need to reconsider the timing for the activities? If CC risks have to be considered is there a need to extend sites or change activities? . Which is the problem? . Which kinds of climate risks will affect this problem ? . Which activities/changes need to be done to integrate CC risk ? Improve the quality and access to health care for the populations X x x Autres Etat Commune Other sources of funding with CC risk Sources of funding in thousands of CFA Additional cost with climate risk Estimated cost in thousands of CFA Period 2005 - 2009 Localisation Activities (with climate risks) Activities (in the local dvpt plan) Objectives
  15. 16. Recommendations: local level <ul><ul><ul><li>Links with poverty reduction strategies as well as sustainable development plans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support/encourage the decentralization process: empower local decision makers and communities associations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop awareness/information campaigns at local level (tools) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding projects which include CC issues at local level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collection and exchange on traditional adaptation practices at local level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Empower local organizations and decision makers </li></ul></ul></ul>