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Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT Deployments

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This presentation discusses how cloud computing and open source software intersect to provide economical, flexible, and secure benefits in IT deployment. …

This presentation discusses how cloud computing and open source software intersect to provide economical, flexible, and secure benefits in IT deployment.

Topics covered include:

- Findings from a recent Lockheed Martin and Market Connections, Inc. study tracking the state of open source awareness, understanding and usage in government
- The relationship between open source software and cloud computing
- Federal case studies of open source cloud computing success stories
- Recommendations for adopting open source cloud applications in your organization from federal IT professionals actively using open source software
- Recommendations on specific open source platform and tool suites

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  • 1. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT Deployments May 11, 2011 Sponsored by:© 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 2. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsModerator Andrea White, Director of Events Government Executive Media Group © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 3. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsSpeakers Cynthia Poole, Market Connections Director Research Services Ken Rojas, USDA Senior Project Manager NRCS-Information Technology Center Gunnar Hellekson, Red Hat Chief Technology Strategist US Public Sector Group Melvin Greer, Lockheed Martin Senior Fellow Chief Strategist Cloud Computing © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 4. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsCynthia Poole, Market Connections, Inc.Director, Research Services Cynthia Poole has extensive experience in all facets of the design, management, analysis and reporting of complex quantitative research studies targeting audiences of interest on behalf of public sector clients and commercial organizations. Her range of research and analysis expertise includes competitor analysis and tracking, the identification and interpretation of trends, and brand research. Poole has more than fifteen years of experience in research, analysis and financial management in a variety of industries. Poole has a BA in Psychology from Dartmouth College and an MBA from George Washington University. She is on the Board of Women in Technology, a member of AFCEA and NVTC, and maintains an Expert-Level Professional Researcher Certification (PRC) from the Marketing Research Association (MRA). Celebrating its 15th anniversary this year, Market Connections provides comprehensive B2B and B2G market research services, enabling organizations to make informed, intelligent decisions that drive significant and measurable business and process improvements. The firm offers deep domain expertise in numerous markets, including federal, state and local governments; information technology and telecommunications; education; healthcare; and associations and non-profits. For more information visit: www.marketconnectionsinc.com. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 5. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsFederal GovernmentOpen Source Survey240 participants involved with OpenSource, IT implementation or IT policy: ► Federal civilian and independent agencies ► Dept of Defense ► Federal Legislature/Judicial ► State/Local government ► Government contractors/Industry © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 6. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsOpen Source Software Use © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 7. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsOSS Applications © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions. 2010
  • 8. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsAnticipated OSS Changes © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions. 2010
  • 9. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsOpen Source Considerations © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions. 2010
  • 10. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsBenefits and Challenges © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions. 2010
  • 11. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsGovernment Perceptions 75% • Open Source is the wave of the future and their organization should get on board.Believe 63% • The OSS development approach helps produce reliable, high quality software Agree quickly and inexpensively. 57% • There is a lack of formal support and training for Open Source in their Say organization. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions. 2010
  • 12. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsKen Rojas, USDA-NRCS-Information Technology CenterSenior Project ManagerEucalyptus Customer Ken Rojas has worked 20 years creating agricultural simulation models for the USDA- Agricultural Research Service. These models are still being used all over the world for comparative ag-management analysis. He has also been involved in the conception of the Object Modeling System (OMS), in a partnership with USDA-ARS and Colorado State University (CSU).Rojas’ interest in Cloud computing started in the early 2000’s with investigations into “grid computing”, butthe business area of his agency wasn’t ready to invest in that early technology. Upwards of two yearsago they started to investigate the use of cloud infrastructure in support of the OMS project. Last spring,they accumulated a collection of surplus server equipment and created the Cloud Service InnovationPlatform (CSIP) to investigate how best to provision simulation tools and data services in a cloudenvironment. The CSIP system has provided a low cost startup platform that is still built up around theEucalyptus system.There are many federal implementations of open source clouds mostly from Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus canshow a simple and functioning hybrid/private cloud infrastructure in a federal government research contextfrom rack to mobile (end-to-end). This is a hot topic since many federal institutions are standing on hugelegacy server investments which they want to leverage, but need to expand to commercial resources asthe need arises. Eucalyptus’ solution shows them a simple repeatable path as applied to a real worldbusiness driven need for Conservation Delivery to the NRCS field planner. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 13. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsCloud First Policy © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 14. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsUSDA-NRCS Business DriversDiminishing Budgets…► New IT infrastructure to support Agency Mission► Legacy “Stovepipe” environmental modeling tools► Optimize available enterprise architecture► Legacy “Big Iron” service data centers •Outdated solution to answer server needs#1 Help the Farmer… – Best tools to answer concerns… • User expectations are high, need to adapt… © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 15. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsCloud Services Innovation Platform Services Database OMS3 CSIP Business Compute Process Cloud Monitor © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 16. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsKey Breakpoints Still Persist► Partitioning of legacy IT resources to balance Public and Secure access needs► Optimization of emerging cloud usage with Department enterprise architecture► Elastic adaptation to varying load expectations► Computational scalability of environmental tools► Movement towards DaaS► Scalability of GeoSpatial data • Multiple TB data sources © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 17. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT Deployments Lessons Learned & Practical Benefits► This is a work in progress…► Open Source offerings fill all our needs • Eucalyptus IaaS Cloud► Hybrid cloud model ideal for public toolsets► Physical versus Virtual savings ► Manageable 10% hit► Resource Balancing Simulation • Highly dynamic Tool o Case specific Cloud Data Configuration Sources © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 18. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsGunnar Hellekson, Red HatChief Technology Strategist, US Public Sector Group Gunnar Hellekson is the Chief Technology Strategist for Red Hat’s US Public Sector group, where he works with systems integrators and government agencies to encourage the use of open source software in government. He was recently named co-chair of Open Source for America and one of Federal Computer Week’s Fed 100 for 2010. He is an active member of the Military Open Source working group and a GTO-21 commissioner. He is specifically interested in cross-domain security, edge innovation, and interagency collaboration through the open source model.Prior to joining Red Hat, he worked as a developer, systems administrator, and IT director for anumber of Internet businesses. He has also been a business and IT consultant to not-for-profitorganizations in New York City. During that time, he spearheaded the reform of safety regulations forNew York State’s electrical utilities through the Jodie Lane Project.When he’s not spreading the Good News about open source, he’s wishing he had a dog.As Red Hat’s Largest Government Reseller, DLT Solutions helps the DoD and other governmentagencies overcome real-world challenges through its best-in-class information technology productsand superior services. From open source and virtualization to cloud computing and more, DLTprovides the most trusted and innovative Red Hat solutions available to federal, state and municipalgovernments.Website: www.dlt.com/redhat © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 19. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsA Classic Case► 40 legacy infrastructure servers, handling DNS, DHCP, Active Directory, etc.► Facing a “cloud first” mandate► Unsustainable maintenance costs► No excess capacity► Mostly Windows, some Linux► Danger of vendor capture © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 20. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsA Comprehensive Approach► Revised systems management► Use existing administrator skills► Virtual machines Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (KVM)► Lifecycle management Red Hat Network Satellite (Spacewalk, Cobbler) © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 21. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsA Comprehensive Improvement► 40 computers became 4.► The excess capacity is now useful.► Same or better performance at half the cost of alternatives.► Better visibility.► Better separation of tasks.► Better security.► Smarter lifecycle management. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 22. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsWhat Open Source Provides► Vendor independence • Each component works with a new provider • No friction from sunk licensing costs► Feature velocity • Each layer cleanly separated • 18-month-old product beat a 9 year veteran► Better agility • Each layer cleanly separated • Innovations can be quickly incorporated • Can be easily integrated with future clouds © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 23. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsMelvin Greer, Lockheed MartinSenior Fellow, Chief Strategist Cloud Computing Melvin Greer is Senior Fellow and Chief Strategist, Cloud Computing Lockheed Martin, Chief Technology Office. With over 25 years of systems and software engineering experience, he is a recognized expert in Service Oriented Architecture and Cloud Computing. He functions as a principal investigator in advanced research studies. Greer is a Certified Enterprise Architect, the Vice-chair of the Network Centric Operations Industry Consortium (NCOIC), Cloud Computing Working Group and an Advisory Council member of the Cloud Security Alliance.Greer is a frequent speaker at conferences and universities and is an accomplished author, “The WebServices and Service Oriented Architecture” and “Software as a Service Inflection Point, Using CloudComputing to Achieve Business Agility” are his most recently published books.Greer received his Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Information Systems and Technology andhis Master of Science in Information Systems from American University, Wash. D.C. He also obtained hisPost Graduate Certificate in Executive Leadership, Cornell University, Johnson Graduate School.Headquartered in Bethesda, Md., Lockheed Martin is a global security company that employs about132,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture,integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. The company hasdeveloped and implemented its own OS cloud environment called Eureka Streams, and is developingnumerous federal applications, including those for emergency response, healthcare, and weather andocean observance. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 24. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsElements of Openness► Participation / community► Transparency► Accountability► Availability► Licensing / right to use © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 25. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsOpen Standard► A standard is like a blueprint: it tells you what you must do if you actually get around to building something.► An open standard is the enemy of lock-in.► An open standard is one that is developed and maintained in a particularly transparent way with community involvement, and is “freely” available and implementable © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 26. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsOpen Source► Open source is code, actual concrete software, and it may implement open standards► Open source is built and maintained in a particularly transparent way with community involvement, and is “freely” available.► Creative common licenses, for example, should be used for non- source code content. © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 27. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT Deployments Open Source for AmericaOpen Source for America (OSFA) is an organizationof technology industry leaders, non-governmentassociations and academic and research institutionsdedicated to advocating the use of open sourcesoftware in the U.S. federal government.Participation is open to any individual or entity. (>120 members) © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 28. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsFederal Open Source and Cloud © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 29. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsWhat questions do you have? • Any questions we are not able to answer during this session, we will endeavor to follow-up with responses © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.
  • 30. Open Source and the Cloud: Benefits to Your Agency’s IT DeploymentsMelvin Greer melvin.greer@lmco.comCathy Cromley cathyc@marketconnectionsinc.comDavid Butler david@eucalyptus.comLuice Woo, Marketing Specialist Redhat-Solutions@dlt.com © 2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation, Market Connections, Inc., Eucalyptus Systems, Red Hat, Inc. and DLT Solutions.