7 Steps to Deploying A Private Cloud


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If your organization has been looking into deploying a private cloud, you must know the seven steps to take to initiate its development. In particular, there are key operational and IT processes that organizations need to agree upon in order to build a cloud successfully.

Eucalyptus CTO Rich Wolski explains how to bring about greater efficiencies within the data center through a scalable, elastic private cloud.

Get an overview of Infrastructure as a Service clouds to understand:

- Application workloads
- Application governance
- Designing and testing your deployment
- Real world, production use cases

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7 Steps to Deploying A Private Cloud

  1. 1. 7 Steps to Enterprise Cloud “Heaven” Rich Wolski CTO Eucalyptus Systems© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  2. 2. 3 approaches to on-prem IaaS CLOUD (APPS) APPROACH DATACENTER APPROACH IaaS SERVICE PROVIDER APPROACH© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  3. 3. The Apps Perspective:Services are the Infrastructure• IaaS is really backwards – Infrastructure is really an application component• Resources are really API and QoS – No idea “what” hardware is actually being used• Cloud platform is the unifying framework – The services interact to provide complete infrastructure functionality regardless of underlying hardware• Users, applications, operating systems, and data sets “touch” only the services – Hardware becomes peripheral and interchangable© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  4. 4. Step 1 – Understand theApplication Workload• Application workload characteristics – Cloud abstractions • Compute • Network • Storage • Identity – Deployment requirements for the application • Reliability • Load balance • Geographic distribution (e.g. regulatory)© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  5. 5. Step 2 – UnderstandApplication Governance• Who owns the application workload? – Different than who owns the code• Must design a way for the cloud administrators to “see” what the application is doing and to “talk” to the workload owners• Software ecosystem© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  6. 6. Step 3 – Design the PhysicalDeployment• The cloud is a control plane – Once the apps are running, the cloud is out of the “way”• Imagine, after the apps are deployed, that the cloud control plane vanishes for an instant – Will the apps survive?• VM capacities, network design, storage requirements© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  7. 7. Step 4 – Design the CloudDeployment• Private cloud is a scalable service venue – Many cooperating service components requiring network, storage, and compute• High-availability and redundancy• Traffic planning• Memory requirements for cloud components© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  8. 8. Step 5 – Test everything andthen test it again• Figure or merit testing should be worst case – Test failures – Test upgrade – Test failures during upgrade – Test upgrade during failures• Observe the testing results from the application perspective – What does the application experience if the cloud is degraded?© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  9. 9. Step 6 – Integrate cloud withexisting management policies• The cloud is a new platform – Not a set of independent tools• Capacity planning• HW budgeting• Racking• Identity management and security• Coordination of scheduled down time – Who gets called?© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  10. 10. Step 7 – Lifecycle planning• Plan to build incrementally• Plan to hybrid incrementally – Internal: Cloud and non-cloud components need to interact in the data center – External: Enterprise cloud and public clouds• Plan to sunset incrementally© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  11. 11. Eucalyptus• Elastic Utility Computing Architecture Linking Your Programs To Useful Systems• Web services based implementation of elastic/utility/cloud computing infrastructure – Linux image hosting ala Amazon• How do we know if it is a cloud? – Try and emulate an existing cloud: Amazon AWS• Functions as a software overlay – Existing installation need not be altered• Open Source – Built from best-of-breed Open Source technologies for eCommerce© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  12. 12. Architecture Client-side API Translator Cloud Controller Database Walrus CCCluster Controller Node Controller NC SC ESXvSphere ESXi RHEV-M ESX ESX ESX ESXi Storage Controller © 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  13. 13. Who Cares?© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  14. 14. Three Production Use Cases• eCommerce company• Social gaming company• Telco© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  15. 15. eCommerce Company• Highly varied web content• Transaction processing• Eucalyptus administration via internal network only© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  16. 16. eCommerce Deployment Load Balancer CLC Corporate network Walrus 192.168 CC CC SC SC 10.0 10x 10x NC NC© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  17. 17. Social Gaming Company• High interactivity rate• Churn in the application population – New games – Sunsetting games• Test/dev/ops and user access – Game development and ops are outsourced© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  18. 18. Social Gaming Deployment 10G CC CLC SC Walrus 2x10G DB x12 36x1G 36x1G 36x 4x1G iSCSI NC SAN© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  19. 19. Telco• Modular QoS – Scalable QoS units• Bandwidth optimized• Port-cost controlled© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  20. 20. Cloud Service Modules • Front End Unit 48 – 48 ports 10G CLCiSCSI – 16 cores SAN – 32GB RAM Walrus – Dual NIC – SAN • Middle End Unit 32 – 32 ports 10G SCiSCSI – 16 cores SAN CC – 32 GB RAM – Dual NIC – SAN 32 • Back End Unit NC – 32 ports 1G + 2x10G up 30x – 8 cores – 64 GB x30 – 1 NIC© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  21. 21. ~500 VMs 48 CLC iSCSI SAN Walrus 32 SC iSCSI SAN CC 32 NC 30x 32 NC 30x© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  22. 22. ~5000 VMs Front End ME ME ME ME ME x5© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  23. 23. ~50000 VMs Front End ME ME ME© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  24. 24. Other Configurations Possible© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  25. 25. Thanks!• rich@eucalyptus.com• @richwolski• Questions?© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
  26. 26. Learn More Overcoming Public and Private Cloud Uncertainty with Monitoring Next Webinar: Feb 5 at 2pm GMT and Feb 7 at 2pm EST www.eucalyptus.com/webinar Do More Download Eucalyptus FastStart Deploy your own private cloud in minutes. www.eucalyptus.com/faststart© 2013 Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
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