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ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation
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ASIS&T ProQuest Dissertation of the Year Award Presentation

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Presentation of "Socio-Technical Perspectives on Digital Photography: Scientific Digital Photography Use by Marine Mammal Researchers" at the 2008 ASIS&T Annual Meeting in Columbus, Ohio (October 27). …

Presentation of "Socio-Technical Perspectives on Digital Photography: Scientific Digital Photography Use by Marine Mammal Researchers" at the 2008 ASIS&T Annual Meeting in Columbus, Ohio (October 27). This presentation was of work that was awarded the ASIS&T ProQuest Doctoral Dissertation of the Year.

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  • Starting with a description of a project, ending with a potential challenge for OeRC
  • Transcript

    • 1. Socio-Technical Perspectives on Digital Photography Scientific Digital Photography Use by Marine Mammal Researchers Eric T. Meyer, PhD Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford United Kingdom [email_address] http://people.oii.ox.ac.uk/meyer ASIS&T presentation for the ProQuest Doctoral Dissertation of the Year Award Columbus, Ohio, USA, October 27, 2008 Source: Image from NOAA, Image ID: sanc0602, NOAA's Sanctuaries Collection Dissertation completed in 2007 at: School of Library and Information Science Indiana University, Bloomington USA
    • 2. Switching from Film to Digital cameras
      • Several possible results
      • Simple substitution resulting in minor elaborations?
      • Greater efficiencies and ‘better’ science?
      • Unintended consequences (both positive and negative) with implications throughout the domain?
    • 3. Photography Domains Meyer, E.T. (2008). Digital Photography. In St. Amant, K. and Kelsey, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication . Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
    • 4. Socio-Technical Interaction Networks (STIN) Strategy
      • Identify a relevant population of system interactors
      • Identify core interactor groups
      • Identify incentives
      • Identify excluded actors and undesired interactions
      • Identify existing communication forums
      • Identify resource flows
      • Identify system architectural choice points
      • Map architectural choice points to socio-technical characteristics
      Sources: Kling, R., McKim, G., & King, A. (2003). A Bit More to IT: Scholarly Communication Forums as Socio-Technical Interaction Networks. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54 (1), 46-67. Meyer, E. T. (2006). Socio-technical Interaction Networks: A discussion of the strengths, weaknesses and future of Kling's STIN model. In J. Berleur, M. I. Numinem & J. Impagliazzo (Eds.), IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, Volume 223, Social Informatics: An Information Society for All? In Remembrance of Rob Kling (pp. 37-48). Boston: Springer.
    • 5. Marine Mammalogy Source: All images from NOAA, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
    • 6. Photo-identification
      • Dolphins
    • 7. Photo-identification
      • Humpback whales
    • 8. Photo-identification
      • Humpback whales
    • 9. Origins of photo-identification
      • “ The original seed of the idea…came from talking around the campfire… It was one of these fun things where ideas come to fruition independently due to synergism and the overall status of the sciences. In the 50s, I don’t think anyone would have really come up with that idea... I remember telling [a prominent scientist in 1971] about this idea of photo-identifying, and he said, ‘Don’t do it. It is not worthwhile. You’re barking up the wrong tree. You can’t do it, you’ll be disappointed. The only way to do it is to catch them and brand them.’ But, of course, they use photo-identification now very successfully.“
      • Respondent discussing development of photo-id methods in the 1970s
    • 10. Source: National Geographic January 2007: http://www7.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0701/feature2/index.html
    • 11. Methods
      • Multi-site case study
      • ‘ Following a thing’ (Marcus, 1995)
    • 12. Participants
    • 13. Data in the field
    • 14. Matching techniques on screen (manual and automated)
    • 15. DARWIN
    • 16. NOAA-Mizroch
    • 17. DIGITS
    • 18. Matching techniques on paper
    • 19. Research Questions
    • 20. Photo-ID process: film Field photos External lab film developing Time = relative size of arrow (thick=longer time) Printing or sleeving Labeling Organizing Identification Analysis LEGEND In field At lab External to project Shot logs
    • 21. Photo-ID process: digital Field photos Download, backup, initial organizing Printing (in some cases) Labeling and organizing Data entry Identification Analysis Time = relative size of arrow (thick=longer time) LEGEND In field At lab Summary logs
    • 22. Photo-ID process: changes Field photos Download, backup, initial organizing Printing (in some cases) Labeling and organizing Data entry Identification Analysis Time = relative size of arrow (thick=longer time) LEGEND In field At lab Summary logs
      • Quick feedback
      • Less loss of data
      • More time at end of long days
      • Storage issues
      • More photographs
      • More complex info systems
      • Database designers
      • IT staff
      • Skilled users
      • More animals
      • Larger catalogs
      • Better health
      • Instant feedback
      • Efficiency
      • Better coverage
      • Less selective shooting styles
      • Less detail
      • Less tedium
    • 23. Dealing with the digitals
      • Rita Price: But the other thing we do, years ago when we first started the digital stuff, I’d get an external hard drive and we’d back everything up on the external hard drive. Plus, we’d make CDs of everything. So, the problem was, you know, before all I had to do was make a label and put it around the film. Now, I’m processing and batching and renaming and trying to find all these, okay now it’s 07CA001 (for roll “1”), ‘D’ for digital, 00 for Orcinus Orca, 001 for frame 1; and it’s just like, “Oh my god.” And me being not raised up with computers and stuff…I mean it was a cool tool and everything like that; I loved it. But all of a sudden when we got back to the ship we’re processing all this stuff and you’re looking at a couple hours worth of work…. And all of a sudden my computer that I had initially was [working] all night long [on] the batch rename or converting to .tiffs or something; I can’t remember which one it was. It took forever, you know? I’d wake up in the middle of the night and I’d see the thing flashing that it got stuck, and I’d have to…oh god! [laughing]
      • So anyway. That’s kind of the deal with the digitals.
    • 24. Research Questions
    • 25. Sharing
      • Dr. Marcia Parrett: It just it’s complicated – so, right now I have two data bases; one on my older data from 2003 back, which was all of the data collected on film, and now I have a new…database that’s all the data collected on digital.. So, this spring, I’m actually going to [location]…and we have a collaborative agreement where we share data back and forth and we’d kept it pretty much in the same format except we need to get more on the same page and we’re going to work with their computer guy up there at the end of May and really get our databases uniform. Maybe then, it won’t be all…the data won’t be the same but they’ll be the same format.
    • 26. Idiosyncratic systems
    • 27. The standards issue
      • Robert Newton: And if you don’t have a really good filing system standardized, that doesn’t change every time someone thinks it might be better done a different way. So I’m kind of waiting, I guess, to see it really stabilizes with a naming protocol and a filing protocol that is not going to wander every time someone comes up with a new software for digital pictures. That happens frequently and you’ll get, people send us pictures off a camera and they’ll be in files maybe a Canon software, or a Nikon one. And you can convert them all to jpegs and fart around with them but, basically, I don’t want to be a film processor.
    • 28. Organizing digital photos
    • 29. Organizing digital photos
    • 30. Field-based system? Grid Boat-based Automated matching Database Cameras GPS Periodic upload automatically Analysts from distributed organizations Combine with other data: Environment, ecology, oceanography, etc. Environmental Data Ruggedized tablets
    • 31. Eric T. Meyer, PhD Oxford Internet Institute University of Oxford [email_address] http://people.oii.ox.ac.uk/meyer Presentation available at: http://www.slideshare.net/etmeyer Special thanks for support from: Howard Rosenbaum Noriko Hara Pnina Shachaf Barry Bull Rob Kling Michelle Osborne Source: Image from NOAA, Image ID: anim0840, NOAA's Ark - Animals Collection Oxford e-Social Science Project

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