1. Copyright & PiracyAnd the Evolution of the Internet.
2. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution OfInternet1. What is copyright?"Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creatorof an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time" -- WorldIntellectual Property Organisation (2008) "Understanding Copyright andRelated Rights"2. The Evolution Of Internet & Copyright."The idea that major copyright treaties should be negotiated in secret is losingtraction around the world. Legislators from all the ACTA negotiating countriesare demanding that this process be opened up to the press, activist groups,and the public." -- Cory Doctorow (2010) "Copyright Undercover: ACTA & theWeb"
3. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution OfInternet ● US copyright Laws: ○ Copyright Act of 1790 ○ Copyright Act of 1831 ○ Copyright Act of 1909 ○ Universal Copyright Convention - ratified by the U.S. in 1954, and again in 1971 ○ Copyright Act of 1976 ○ Berne Convention Implementation Act of 1988 ○ Copyright Renewal Act of 1992 ○ Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) of 1994 ○ Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 ○ Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 ● Piracy vs. Copyright: what fuels the future for content?
4. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution OfInternetIntroAchtergrond, n.a.v.: http://goo.gl/WB0Bo TED: Clay Shirky: Why SOPA is a bad idea: a. opinion media companiesTimeline: hoe was alles, welke wetten werden er gehandhaafd b. opinion artistssnel richting recente zaken; het is namelijk waar we het over gaan hebben in de presentatie en we moeten snel [ik vind dit erg moeilijk; een paar google queries leveren op dat er wat bewegingen zijnzijn met tijd. van schrijvers tegen piracy, en dat er een paar blogposts zijn over hoe erg het wel niet is,- Copyright Renewal Act of 1992 maar nergens staat of het wat meer of minder te lijden heeft dan de muziek/filmindustrie]- Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA) of 1994 c. opinion pirates- Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 (herzien: Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 ) 1. A violation of copyright is “piracy”. a. opinion John DoeVervolgens: Copyright is like you buy a product, but instead of using it just for yourself, you copy it.Die laatste wet staat nog steeds: “To meet the treaty requirements, protections were extended to architecture This way, the product originally intend for one person gets to more than one person,(where previously only building plans were protected from copying, not buildings, though currently the law makes violating copyright. But piracy is from my point of view deviated from the classical piratesexception for reproduction of buildings in photographs or paintings if they are ordinarily visible from a public such as in the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. These pirates steal stuff and keep it forplace), and certain moral rights of visual artists.” themselves; there is no mean of copying treasures. Piracy is by this definition stealingMaar is deze wet nog wel te handhaven? Hij stamt van 1998 af, toen het internet pas enkele jaren particulier content and making profit out of it, but it is not copying. A violation of copyright is it as well,gebruikt werd, en het linken naar, kopieren en veranderen van naar elkaars content ontstond en exponentiëel because when you steal something, it leaves the rightful owner and get ito the hands of angroeide -> zijn deze wetten nog adequaat? unrightful owner. So in short, the answer is ‘yes’, because stealing results in a loss of the rightful owner (who paid for it)Partijen moeten voorgesteld worden: b. opinion media companiesA. John Doe Onderscheid maken tussen experts en non-experts? Of bij elk statement (te) onwetend overkomen, c. opinion artistswat leidt tot vaak dezelfde antwoorden? (bijv. :”ik wist niet dat er een bill kwam” of “ik blijf gewoon downloaden, d. opinion piratesmij maakt het niet uit“. Verwijzingen noemen lijkt me in dit geval een beetje overbodig, tenzij dus de mening wat can live without violating copyright. 2. Yougenuanceerder is.) a. opinion John DoeDenk hierbij aan wat dat engelse meisje zei mbt “het maakt mij niet uit dat alle bedrijven weten wat ik 24 uur van Well, life is bound to be a bit more expensive if you would pay for absolutely everything,de dag doe”? Dat een beetje? Wordt moeilijk voor je man ;) Mwja inderdaad. Ik kan beter geen onderscheiding but I guess it wouldn’t be impossible. This only if presumed I would use as much contentmaken tussen expert. en non-expert. En ja als onwetende ben je snel de klos =P. Sucks to be me. as I would now. I reality, I guess that I would use ess media that is copyrighted, becauseB. Media Companies, misschien een bekende game-ontwikkelaar zoals Will Wright of een fictief persoon (om in it costs money. Would’ve been a bit of a sucky life, since I’m a big fan of stuff like filmsdat geval geen meningen te verkondigen waar hij het niet mee eens zou zijn)? and music, which I all download illegally.C. Artiest, een bassist van een willekeurige band met een deal bij een groot label. b. opinion media companiesD. Distributors (Copyers/Downloaders/Pirates) c. opinion artistsDiscussiepunten en meningen (5 a 5 min) d. opinion piratesQUESTIONS ON THE SHEETS 3. Companies should adapt their business models to new technology usage. 1. Copying a book and lending it to a neighbour is a violation of copyright. a. opinion John Doe a. opinion John Doe This has something to do with the fact that, as a result of illegal downloads, record labels I thought violation of copyright and piracy were the same things? Anyway, I think that and movie making companies make less money as they should without illegal downloads. depends on whether or not the person you lend it to is making some of copied material out But don’t really have an idea about how the business model is implemented by those of it, like taking a photograph or copying certain pages. Self-made notes about the content companies. Maybe they should make the media a lot cheaper, so the people who respect wouldn’t suffice as piracy, would it? I see lending a person your book is also lending your these companies and artists pay less for a digital download instead of hesitating of buying right to use that item to another person: still only one person uses that book at the same a more expensive DVD, BlueRay or CD? This way, the threshold would be a bit lower and time. When multiple persons uses content meant for one person, that counts as copying the costs of making the media available for the people (less material costs and more so it should be penalised. online advertising) would be lower. b. opinion media companies c. opinion artists d. opinion pirates 4. The law will be eventually be able to keep up with the changing methods of copying.. a. opinion John Doe At the moment, laws are really falling behind so in the near future, this keeping up is completely impossible. Maybe, when the development of technology gets on to some sort of plateau of complexity, laws would eventually have time to catch up with it. There are so many possibilities of copying stuff so it is difficult to really make a lineair boundary between non-copying and copying. For example, is copying a page with a copying
5. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution Of Internet QUESTIONS NOT ON THE SHEETS / OLD QUESTIONSThe law will be eventually be able to keep up with the changing methods of copying.. 1. What is your opinion on copyright and piracy? a. opinion John Doe a. opinion John Doe: At the moment, laws are really falling behind so in the near future, this keeping up is - “I want to do what I want to do. There are so many people downloading. completely impossible. Maybe, when the development of technology gets on to some sort - I didn’t know about the specifics of this bill and don’t understand how this will change of plateau of complexity, laws would eventually have time to catch up with it. There are so anything? I don’t download copyrighted material.” many possibilities of copying stuff so it is difficult to really make a lineair boundary - I think that the corporations make enough money to withstand copyright and piracy. It between non-copying and copying. For example, is copying a page with a copying won’t get them bankrupt. machine a violation of copyright when writing the same page as a hand-written note is “ It is astonishing what is happening. The internet is the most free "press" we have....it not? Therefore, does writing these hand-written notes on a copied paper make the paper must not be squashed in any way. The corporations that are for this...we need to watch lose it’s copyright, because it is changed by a third party? them and let everyone know what they are up to...stealing our freedom to make more b. opinion media companies profits” - Lilly Summer, Facebook. c. opinion artists “ SOPA and PIPA wont stop the freedom of speech on the internet, its like an hydra... you d. opinion pirates can cut one head but 2 more shall rise. “ -Vince Boyzo, FaceBook. 1. New question: Everyone should be punished for piracy or violation of copyright and “ I have not completely read the bills but my general feeling is I DO NOT trust the federal depending on the gravity of the offence, a sum of money should be paid. government and in general most of the legislation that is meant to correct something a. opinion John Doe usually makes it worse. So my gut reaction is to leave it alone and leave the issue to You have to be reasonable; punishing everyone for a violation of copyright is like current patent and copyright law. How is internet piracy any different than other IP piracy. punishing every drunk person on the street on a Friday night; it’s undoable. Only the worst Why do we need any more laws than we already have? “ Lynda J. Roth, Facebook should be punished. b. opinion media companies b. opinion media companies What companies are publicly supporting SOPA/PROTECT-IP? c. opinion artists What companies are publicly opposing SOPA/PROTECT-IP? d. opinion pirates “Paul Vixie: SOPA/PIPA Would Be Good For My Business, But Im Still Against It” - Paul 2. New question: we have entered a new and digital era. More alternatives to current media Vixie (is an American Internet pioneer, the author of several RFCs and well-known Unix should be developed software author) lijkt alleen sterk op de businessmodel discussie. interessant is wel om na tedenken of huidige dingen On November 15, Google, Facebook, Twitter, Zynga, eBay, Mozilla, Yahoo, AOL, and verbeterd moeten worden icm de wetvoering (ergo: ALLES een keer op spotify gooien ipv het wiel LinkedIn wrote a letter to key members of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, opnieuw uitvinden) saying SOPA poses "a serious risk to our industrys continued track record of innovation a. opinion john doe and job creation, as well as to our nations cybersecurity. (source) b. opinion media Michael OLeary, who oversees policy and external affairs for the Motion Picture c. opinion artists Association of America, the trade group for the top film studios, will tell lawmakers that d. opinion pirates: "fundamentally" the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) is about saving jobs. (source) 3. To what extent is it good that organisations like BREIN operate? c. opinion artists wat betekent BREIN nou voor de media en artists? hoe hindert het piraterij en john doe? wat betekent What is actually on the bill → The Library of Congress - Bill Text hun huidige strategie (censuur) voor de toekomst van het internet? “I have heard from the critics and I take seriously their concerns regarding proposed a. opinion john doe legislation to address the problem of online piracy. It is clear that we need to revisit the b. opinion media approach on how best to address the problem of foreign thieves that steal and sell c. opinion artists American inventions and products. We need to revisit the approach on how best to d. opinion pirates: address the problem of foreign thieves that steal and sell American inventions and 4. Anti-piracy organisation do what we are funding them for products. "The problem of online piracy is too big to ignore. American intellectual property a. opinion john doe industries provide 19 million high-paying jobs and account for more than 60% of U.S. We pay tax, we don’t know how much it’s really helping. Pirate Bay is not really doing exports. The theft of Americas intellectual property costs the U.S. economy more than something wrong; they’re about spreading torrent files, but not the files itself. Like $100 billion annually and results in the loss of thousands of American jobs. Congress transportation of illegal fireworks. cannot stand by and do nothing while American innovators and job creators are under attack.” - Lamar Smith, author of the bill. (source)
6. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution Of Internet a. opinion pirates 2. What’s the best way to protect against online Piracy? a. opinion John Doe a. The above is moot as we’ve decided not to let the government take part of the discussion I would prevent stuff sensitive to piracy from coming online. When I am forced to do this, I opinion artists: don’t have a choice and have to accept the risk of piracy. I could minimise it by applying 25% of the well-known artists have less income than before, while the other 75% have more. there’s filters on certain social networks, though. In general I just have to be careful, but piracy is a couple of explainations for that: everywhere I guess. - pirates download music from popular artists because it’s shared better. they can save money in b. opinion media companies order to buy less popular music 7 Ways to Prevent Piracy - Juuso, game-developer. - people can discover music for free Microsoft Product Activation Technology - there is a rise in income for concerts -> more interest, probably thanks to communities like pandora SUE THE BASTARDS! and last.fm. c. opinion artists source (see references also) http://torrentfreak.com/why-most-artists-profit-from-piracy/ These Two Bills Are the Best Approach - Chris Dodd, a former U.S. senator who also a valid point: people who “pirate” your work would’ve probably not even have spent money on represented Connecticut from 1981 to 2011, is the C.E.O. and chairman of the Motion your work anyway. Picture Association of America. (source) b. opinion pirates The Pirate Bay: “SOPA houdt ons niet tegen” (source) A prominent Russian intellectual property lawyer Svetlana Kokina told Ria Novosti on Wednesday that even if SOPA were adopted it would not impede copyright and intellectual property infringement of U.S. companies.Anonymous Lists Their Demands (source) - We believe a healthy society doesn’t allow its artists, musicians and “It’s impossible to tackle internet piracy,” she said. “Several attempts have already been made and they failed.”other creators to starve. The copyright industry has been justly criticized for abusing the political process in a (source)desperate attempt to maintain its role as a cultural gatekeeper, a business model made obsolete by a digital age The above is moot as we’ve decided not to let the government take part of the discussionof free copies. But the RIAA, MPAA & IFPI deserve our opprobrium for making enormous profits while often connect with the fans -- if you can get them to grant you the money for a cd, they will. true fans will buy your workleaving the very artists it claims to represent *poorer* than they would be as independents. While the public may out of support.have greater access to the few artists deemed sufficiently marketable to gain mass media promotion, fewer and piracy costs a lot of money to stop and it seems better to think of alternatives instead of stopping it.fewer of us are making art and music in our own lives. d. opinion piratesRussias Internet Pirates Against SOPA (source) - “If these bills are adopted, U.S. judges would get the legal right It´s not possible if the software is online. (not sure about this one, though)to block the Russian social network Vkontakte as internet pirate, as well as Twitter and Facebook,” Pirate Party List of protective technology (encrypion methods, advanced code-verification methods) Ikmember Sergei Kolennik, 26,told Ria Novosti newswire in Moscow on Wednesday. zoek nog een source, maar het idee van de zo gedefinieerde “pirates” is veelal dat deA dozen party members attempted to stage a rally near the U.S. embassy in Moscow but were prevented by definitie van Piracy aangepast moet worden. Beschermen tegen andere zaken ipv hetpolice. Two were arrested. Ria Novosti got a picture of this one guy, a lone wolf in the ex-pat Russian pirates fight kopieeren/delen.against SOPA. The activists managed to pass a petition to U.S. Ambassador Michael McFaul through the stop the internet itself, as it’s purpose is to copy information from one computer to anotherembassy’s post office. 3. Integriteit creatief / intellectueel eigendom opinion“We ask you not to remain indifferent but to convey to the U.S. public and government how important it is for the a. opinion John Doedemocratic future of Russia to save the freedom of internet,” When something belongs to me and it’s meant for me to make some money out of it, it’s 3. Is copying two dvd’s for a neighbour and receiving a small payment for the favor a violation of logical that I am quite frustrated by it when it is copied without my permission. If this loss copyright? Is it also piracy? Why? of money is not taken into account, wouldn’t it be a form of a compliment if someone a. opinion John Doe would be using your content? I would be maybe even a bit flattered! Still the potential loss This one is easy! Because you don’t give money to the rightful creators of the media there of money bothers me. should be some case of violation of copyright. Whether or not you recieve money for it is b. opinion media companies irrelevant. “Lesson 1: Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than b. opinion media companies piracy. Lesson 2: Piracy is progressive taxation. Lesson 3: Customers want to do the right c. opinion artists thing, if they can. Lesson 4: Shoplifting is a bigger threat than piracy. “ - Tim O’Reilly, the well, you know, dvd’s cost money. but profit should be ours. hey, maybe we should ask founder and CEO of OReilly Media, Inc., thought by many to be the best computer book pirates to donate their profits to us so they can be our agents ;-) publisher in the world. (source) c. opinion artists [lastig, moet ik op terugkomen] d. opinion pirates
7. Copyright, Piracy, The Evolution Of InternetSOPA helps protect “a business model made obsolete by a digital age of free copies. “ The copyright industry do itself because it is built on the perception that we want to consume media. That businessmodel has to fail.not try to change their business model to fit todays possibilities of digital distribution. But instead try to sue / a.block the people that do. 1. Who can be held liable for piracy? What are/should be the penalties? 1. What do you think should be protected? -> Erg moeilijk in een goede discussie. a. opinion John Doe a. opinion John Doe I heard that downloading was legal, but uploading not. So I guess the people who make The content you create yourself and the content of others that you ‘borrow’. You cannot the content available are the guilty ones, but I am not sure about the people who spread/copy/share this content without the permission of the owners. But on the other subconsciously upload information as a result of a certain setting in a download program. I hand, when you alter this content, it becomes your content. I can remember seeing guess they are guilty as well? Should in this case everybody be trained with these content in a mirrored form on YouTube but it was allowed because it was changed. programs or should the developers of these programs set this uploading options to ‘off’ by b. opinion media companies default? Are these program developers the guilty ones, together with the people who c. opinion artists: ... upload this stuff? d. opinion pirates - Piraterij? Gaat het hier nog wel om piraterij en niet om de bescherming b. opinion media companies: the artists/our customers, of course! van copyright? Wat is copyright? c. opinion artists: http://www.ted. - record labels for spiraling prices up because of losses. the fans are the victim here com/talks/lang/en/defend_our_freedom_to_share_or_why_sopa_is_a_bad_idea.html (Ik - the users who download and enjoy our music, and deliberately decide not to pay for it denk dat je de talk verkeerd begrepen hebt. Anti-piracy IS de bescherming van copyright. d. opinion pirates De talk gaat over dat ze het kopiëren zelf tegen willen gaan in plaats van het schenden e. van copyright.) f. 2. What does piracy cost? 8. A violation of copyright is “piracy”. a. opinion John Doe a. opinion John Doe The number of times someone copies your content without your permission times the Copyright is like you buy a product, but instead of using it just for yourself, you price of that content per unit. How hard can this be? copy it. This way, the product originally intend for one person gets to more than b. opinion media companies: a lot, as music hardly sells nowadays one person, violating copyright. But piracy is from my point of view deviated c. opinion artists: we do suffer losses due to not being able to sell our music, but as piracy is from the classical pirates such as in the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. These the cost of getting introduced by lots of people, we book more gigs and sell more pirates steal stuff and keep it for themselves; there is no mean of copying merchandise than ever before. our label misses income for not selling music, we make treasures. Piracy is by this definition stealing content and making profit out of profit for performing live and selling shirts. it, but it is not copying. A violation of copyright is it as well, because when you d. opinion pirates: There is no evidence that any media company has a lost money due to steal something, it leaves the rightful owner and get ito the hands of an the fact people copy their work. In fact, I believe that if people are free to download and unrightful owner. So in short, the answer is ‘yes’, because stealing results in a consume new material for free, they might like it enough they’ll buy it while they would’ve loss of the rightful owner (who paid for it) never heard of it if it wasn’t for the download! This downloading is a form of quality control b. opinion media companies and makes us what to buy what will not disappoint us, so in fact builds your brand for free! c. opinion artists 3. Who is the victim of “piracy”? d. opinion pirates a. opinion john: what? i cant use wikipedia anymore in a few months? 9. You can live without violating copyright. If the Internet would suffer as a result of a law because a relatively small group of people a. opinion John Doe commit piracy, I guess everyone is. Well, life is bound to be a bit more expensive if you would pay for absolutely b. opinion media companies: the artists/our customers, of course! everything, but I guess it wouldn’t be impossible. This only if presumed I would c. opinion artists: Most of us are okay with downloading our material! We might miss out on use as much content as I would now. I reality, I guess that I would use ess royalties but it helps marketing our band, spreads the music and made us able to reach a media that is copyrighted, because it costs money. Would’ve been a bit of a public greater than any publisher ever could. sucky life, since I’m a big fan of stuff like films and music, which I all download d. opinion pirates: The victim of piracy. That’s a good one. I think the victim of piracy is the illegally. guy that pays extra taxes on removable (carryable media) because he might be making b. opinion media companies illegal copies of it, and than still gets sued for what he already has paid for! The victim of j. piracy is a business model that unable to sustain 11. A violation of copyright is “piracy”. g. opinion John Doe Copyright is like you buy a product, but instead of using it just for yourself, you copy it. This way, the product originally intend for one person gets to more than one person, violating copyright. But piracy is from my point of view deviated from the classical pirates such as in the movie Pirates of the Caribbean. These pirates steal stuff and keep it for themselves; there is no mean of copying treasures. Piracy is by this definition stealing content and making profit out of
8. What is about to happen What were going to do: 1. Points on copyright 2. Four factions opinions explained 3. 5 Minutes discussion per point 4. Ping! Next! 5. Statistics on Facebook Group (evoint 2012)
9. What is about to happenWhat youre going to do: ● Join the first open discussion on copyright @ UvT ● Hold up your card of choice - agree or disagree ● Defend yourself ● No wrong answers, so no holding back ● Win a book, so no holding back
10. Introduction Etienne Bertou Bachelor of IT -> Master CIS Lecturer Marketing Strategy & Concept Development at Zuyd University. Entrepreneur & Digital Ninja.PirateI represent those whodownload, re-mix, share anddistribute.
11. IntroductionVincent LichtenbergBachelor of ITMasters degree HAITASMLEntrepreneurRock star!I represent those whocreate content
12. Introduction Thomas van Vessem Bachelor of ICT/Multimedia,Master HAIT Tabletennis, YouTube, Facebook John Doe Represents those who occasionally visit Wikipedia, mainly for school/work-purposes. "Knows a guy" that can download DVDs from the Internet for him. Is one out of many, with average knowledge about the Internet.
13. IntroductionMichael VerheijdenBachelor of ITMasters degree HAITParadigit RetailWebdesignMedia ConglomerateI represent corporations like Sony Corporation ofAmerica (SCA),Sonys principal U.S. businesses include:Sony Electronics Inc.,Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. (one of the largest film &television companies in the world),Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.,Sony Music Entertainment Inc.(one of the largest recorded musiccompanies in the world).Sony employs 180,500 people worldwide
14. 1. Copying a book and lending it to aneighbour is a violation of copyright.
15. 2. Everyone should be punished forviolating copyright / piracy.
16. 3. The evolution of the internet hasfundamentally changed copyright.
17. 4. Making everything you createdavailable for download on the internetis a good thing.
18. 5. You can live without violatingcopyright during this evolution of theinternet.
19. 6. Anti-piracy organizations do what weare funding them for.
20. ClosureAnimo check - anyone hungry for more?
21. 7. Companies can adapt their businessmodels to new technologic usage.
22. 8. The law will eventually be able tokeep up with the evolving methods ofcopying.