CDM project 9142   myagri bio-organic plant at ketengah palm oil mill kemaman
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CDM project 9142 myagri bio-organic plant at ketengah palm oil mill kemaman

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CDM project 9142   myagri bio-organic plant at ketengah palm oil mill kemaman CDM project 9142 myagri bio-organic plant at ketengah palm oil mill kemaman Document Transcript

  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board1CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISMPROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD)Version 03 - in effect as of: 22 December 2006CONTENTSA. General description of the small scale project activityB. Application of a baseline and monitoring methodologyC. Duration of the project activity / crediting periodD. Environmental impactsE. Stakeholders’ commentsAnnexesAnnex 1: Contact information on participants in the proposed small scale project activityAnnex 2: Information regarding public fundingAnnex 3: Baseline informationAnnex 4: Monitoring Information
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board2Revision history of this documentVersionNumberDate Description and reason of revision01 21 January2003Initial adoption02 8 July 2005 The Board agreed to revise the CDM SSC PDD to reflect guidanceand clarifications provided by the Board since version 01 of thisdocument.As a consequence, the guidelines for completing CDM SSC PDD havebeen revised accordingly to version 2. The latest version can be foundat <http://cdm.unfccc.int/Reference/Documents>.03 22 December2006The Board agreed to revise the CDM project design document forsmall-scale activities (CDM-SSC-PDD), taking into account CDM-PDD and CDM-NM.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board3SECTION A. General description of small-scale project activityA.1 Title of the small-scale project activity:Title : Myagri Bio-organic Plant at Ketengah Palm Oil Mill, KemamanVersion: 5.3Date : 20/12/2012A.2. Description of the small-scale project activity:Malaysia is the largest palm oil exporter in the world with about 4.85 million hectares of palm oilplantation and around 420 palm oil mills spread over the country1.The palm oil mills process Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) into the main products Crude Palm Oil (CPO) andpalm kernels. In the process a number of waste streams are produced including solid biomass waste (EmptyFruit Bunches (EFB), mesocarp fibre and Palm Kernel Shell (PKS) and wastewater or Palm Oil MillEffluent (POME).The bio-organic plant at Bandar Cheneh Baharu in Terengganu state in Malaysia (hereinafter the ‘projectactivity’) will implement a composting facility for EFB generated from Kilang Kelapa Sawit RakyatKetengah Perwira (Rakyat Ketengah Perwira Palm Oil Mill). The EFB is currently deposited at a dumpsite (solid waste disposal site - SWDS) near the mill, where it is left to decompose. The mill processingcapacity is described in Table 12below. Daily unloading of EFB using truck at the SWDS leads toaccumulation of EFB which causes anaerobic degradation and consequent release of methane emissions tothe atmosphere. The project aims avoidance of methane release into the atmosphere by installation of anaerobic composting system for EFB. The project activity shall not use any POME from the mill (as wettingagent) but only uses harvested rain water. The project activity is designed to treat 66,0003tons of EFB perannum.A.2.1. Brief project descriptionThe proposed composting plant is located adjacent to the palm oil mill Kilang Kelapa Sawit RakyatKetengah Perwira. The project activity is a composting project, which is a process of controlled aerobicbiological decomposition of organic materials.The partially size reduced EFB shall be transported via trucks to the compost yard in the project activityand laid in rows. Harvested rain water shall be applied as a wetting agent. Additional organic palm oil millwaste such as decanter residues and ash from boilers may be added to the pile of compost. In the baselinescenario, this waste is being dumped in the landfill. Decanter residues and boiler ash is not availableregularly. Mesocarp fibre may be added if available to be disposed. Most of the palm oil mills usemesocarp fibre as boiler use; thus it’s highly unlikely that the fibre shall be used in the project activity. No12010 Malaysian Palm Oil Council’s Annual Report (Page 13 – 18).2Refer to “Mass balance calculation for Ketengah - Version02- 14.12.12”3Refer “Mass balance calculation for Ketengah - Version02- 14.12.12”
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board4emission reductions shall be claimed for treatment of these additional wastes such as decanter cake, ash andmesocarp fibre.The windrows will be periodically turned for aeration using a wheel loader. The entire composting processwould take between 10 to 12 weeks and the end product - the organic compost- is a dark brown poroussubstance with earthly smell. Subsequently, the compost will be bagged, transported and finally used asorganic compost in the plantation.The project activity employs a series of treatment ponds to treat the leachate generated during thecomposting process. The treatment ponds are algae pond, leachate pond and earth pond. Prior to the finaldischarge, the treated leachate shall be monitored closely. The project proponent shall ensure that allparameters meets the approved national standards prior to the discharge; such as BOD, COD etc. Finally,the treated leachate shall be treated in these ponds before finally being discharged to the public water ways.The palm oil mill’s current approval is for processing 290,000 tons4FFB per year with EFB to FFB ratioof 23%5. The management of the mill is planning for mill optimization which is expected to commenceduring the last quarter of 2012. This mill optimization however, is only done to fine tune the mill’s processand maximizes the mill’s processing efficiency, and will not affect the mill’s maximum processingcapacity. As the compost plant can process 66,000 tons of EFB per year as per the design capacity6, theproject proponent has limited the project activity at 66,000 tons of EFB. Table 1 provides the millprocessing historical records for 2009, 2010 and 2011.Table 1: FFB, EFB and POME generation for the year 2009, 2010 and 20117Item 2009 2010 2011Fresh fruit bunches 259,219 tons 249,820 tons 234,392 tonsEmpty fruit bunches 59,620 tons 57,458 tons 53,910 tonsPOME 155,531 m3149,892 m3140,635 m3More detailed project description is given in section A.4.2A.2.2. Reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by the project activityThe EFB to be consumed in the project activity is currently disposed in dumpsites and left to decayanaerobically causing huge methane emissions to the atmosphere. The project activity will utilize the EFBand subject to aerobic decomposition to produce organic compost; thus preventing methane emissions tothe atmosphere. Thus, the project activity reduces GHG emissions.A.2.3. Contribution of the project activity to sustainable development in project participant’s view4Refer to Rakyat Ketengah Perwira Palm Oil Mill’s AS3 form submitted to Department of Environment, Malaysia5Refer to Rakyat Ketengah Perwira Palm Oil Mill’s AS3 form submitted to Department of Environment, Malaysia6Refer “Mass balance calculation for Ketengah – Version02-14.12.12”7Refer “Ketengah Perwira - FFB, EFB & POME generation (2009-2011)”
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board5The sustainable development benefits of the project activity include:a. Previous study conducted by the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) concluded that the usage oforganic fertilizer improves the palm yield.8This contributes to the economical benefits.b. The project activity contributes towards a decrease in chemical fertilizer consumption with theusage of organic compost9;c. It reduces GHG emissions caused by the anaerobic decay of EFB. The emissions to air preventedinclude methane, ammonia and hydrogen sulphide. As well known, these emissions contribute toglobal climate change, local acid rain and offensive smell in the local area.d. It will act as a clean technology demonstration project, encouraging development of biomassfacilities throughout Malaysia which could be replicated across the region;e. It improves the environmental performance of the palm oil industries10;f. It creates job opportunities for the local people during construction and operation of the projectactivity;Further, it is strongly believed that compost improves environmental performance in plantation sector suchas the palm oil sector. Recent study11concluded that compost has numerous agronomic and horticulturaluses such as a soil amendment, fertilizer supplement, top dressing for pastures and hay crops. In theexamples stated above, the compost increases the water and nutrients retention of the soil, provides aporous medium for roots to grow in, increases the organic matter and decreases the bulk density orpenetration resistance.As the compost nutrient characteristic are in an organic form and not high in nitrogen, phosphorous, orpotassium, these nutrients are released slowly in the soil. This will lead to efficient utilization of nitrogenand a decreased potential for nitrogen leaching compared to inorganic fertilizers.A.3. Project participants:Name of Party involved((host) indicates a hostParty)Private and/or publicentity(ies) projectparticipants (as applicable)Kindly indicate if the Party involvedwishes to be considered asproject participant (Yes/No)Malaysia (host) Myagri Nutribio Sdn. Bhd. No8Refer to N.Ravi Menon, Zulkifli Ab Rahman & Nasrin Abu Bakar from Malaysian Palm Oil Board (2003)‘Empty Fruit Bunches Evaluation : Mulch in Plantation Vs. Fuel for Electricity Generation’, for Oil Palm IndustryEconomic Journal (Vol.3 (2)/2003)9Refer to Tohiruddin L, Abner J. Silahi & H.L. Foster from Sumatra Bioscience (2011) ‘Superior effect of compostderived from palm oil mill by-products as a replacement for inorganic fertilizers applied to oil palm’, for PIPOC2011 Int. P. O. Cong.-Agric., Biotech. & Sustainability Conf.10Refer to P. O. Oviasogie, N. O. Aisueni and G. E. Brown from Chemistry Division, Nigerian Institute for OilPalm Research (NIFOR) (2010) ‘Oil palm composted biomass: A review of the preparation, utilization, handlingand storage’11Page 13, P. O. Oviasogie, N. O. Aisueni and G. E. Brown from Chemistry Division, Nigerian Institute for OilPalm Research (NIFOR) (2010) ‘Oil palm composted biomass: A review of the preparation, utilization, handlingand storage’
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board6(Private Entity)United Kingdom of GreatBritain and Northern IrelandGazprom Marketing &Trading Limited(Private Entity)No(*) In accordance with the CDM modalities and procedures, at the time of making the CDM-PDD public atthe stage of validation, a Party involved may or may not have provided its approval. At the time ofrequesting registration, the approval by the Party (ies) involved is required.A.4. Technical description of the small-scale project activity:A.4.1. Location of the small-scale project activity:A.4.1.1.Host Party(ies):MalaysiaA.4.1.2.Region/State/Province etc.:TerengganuA.4.1.3. City/Town/Community etc:Bandar Cheneh BaharuA.4.1.4. Details of physical location, including information allowing the unique identificationof this small-scale project activity :The project activity will be implemented near Kilang Kelapa Sawit Rakyat Ketengah Perwira (RakyatKetengah Perwira Palm Oil Mill) in the following address:Bandar Cheneh Baharu,24000 Kemaman,Terengganu,Malaysia
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board7The coordinates of the project location are: 4.1247 N and 103.2001 ETerengganu stateFig 1 – Map showing Terengganu state in Malaysia MapFig 2 – Map showing location of project activity in the Terengganu state mapProject activity
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board8A.4.2. Type and category(ies) and technology/measure of the small-scale project activity:In accordance to Appendix B of the Simplified Modalities ad Procedures for Small-Scale CDM projectactivities, the proposed CDM project is a small scale project and it falls under the following category:Sectoral Scopes : 13-Waste handling and disposalMain Category : Type III: Other Project ActivitiesCategory : Methane RecoveryApproved small scale methodology AMS III.F / Version 10,”Avoidance of methane emissions throughcomposting” is applied for the project activity.A.4.2.1. Technology employed in the project activityThe partially size reduced EFB from the mill shall be transported via trucks to composting yard and laid inrows called “Windrows”. If required, EFB may be subjected to further size reduction in the project activity.Composting is a controlled, microbial process that converts organic matter into a stable, humus-likeproduct called compost. This project activity will use mainly EFB. Harvested rain water shall be used aswetting agent for the composting material. Other organic palm oil mill waste such as decanter residues andash shall be added. Mesocarp fibre may also be added if required / available to be disposed.The composting plant is organized into following sections:i. Composting area for mixing and turning of compost materialii. Post composting area for maturation and conditioning of composted materialThe composting process will take place on a concrete floor with a perimeter drainage system to collectleachate. Each row will be covered by specially designed windrow cover permeable to air to facilitatenatural aeration. The cover prevents rainwater getting in contact with composting material and allows therain water to runoff smoothly without causing leachate and waste water production. The windrows will beperiodically turned for aeration using a wheel loader. Forced aeration will also be supplied, if required,during the process by injecting air from a blower / compressor.During the active phase of composting, the mixture of composting microorganisms will help to acceleratethe process and the substrate will undergo a series of reactions to convert the organics in the windrowsmaterial into substances that are essential for the growth of plant such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P),carbon dioxide (CO2), energy and water.A series of leachate collection and treatment ponds will be constructed near the composting area to collectany leachate produced. Treatment ponds such as algae pond, leachate pond and earth pond shall beemployed to treat the leachate generated from the composting process. Leachate from the leachate pondshall be recycled and applied to the composting heaps in order to balance the high water evaporation due tothe aggressive decomposition process and to maintain the temperature for optimum function of compostingmicroorganisms. In case of excess, the leachate from leachate pond will overflow to the retention pond.However, these series of ponds are independent and not connected to the existing anaerobic ponds whichare used to treat the POME generated by the mill. In case leachate is insufficient, harvested rain will be
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board9used as the wetting agent in the project activity. No POME shall be used in any of the process. Theimportant process parameters such as temperature, moisture content and oxygen percentage, etc., will bemonitored to ensure optimum aerobic conditions of the composting process. The excess amount of treatedleachate shall be discharged to public waterways after meeting all the monitoring standards for parameterssuch as BOD, COD and pH.After 8-9 weeks, the pre-matured compost is produced. The pre-matured compost is transferred to theroofed area for curing. The pre-matured compost will undergo the curing process for 3 weeks and after thetemperature of the pile core reaches ambient temperature, the matured compost is produced. The maturedcompost is sieved and the rejected materials will be recycled for further composting.The composting process for palm oil mill organic wastes is developed within the country and was installedin few mills on a pilot plant basis. Since the compost plants were not financially viable, as illustrated insubsequent sections, these projects were not widely implemented by the industry. Since CDM incentivesnow make the project financially attractive, many composting projects are developed as CDM projects inMalaysia. The project activity is an environmentally friendly project converting decaying organic wastesinto valuable organic compost returning organics to the earth. The project activity is absolutely safe andenvironmentally friendly. Thus, a safe and sound technology is implemented in the project activity.A.4.3 Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period:A fixed crediting period of 10 years is chosen for the proposed project activity. The total emissionreductions resulting from the project activity are estimated to be approximately 311,756 tCO2 e over the 10years crediting period. An annual average of 31,176 tCO2 e will be reduced as a consequence of the projectactivity.Table 2: Estimated amount of annual emission reductionsYear Estimation of annual emission reductions intonnes of CO2eYear 2013 8,409Year 2014 15,868Year 2015 22,160Year 2016 27,469Year 2017 31,948Year 2018 35,726Year 2019 38,914Year 2020 41,603Year 2021 43,873Year 2022 45,787Total estimated reductions(tonnes of CO2e)311,756Total number of crediting years 10Annual average of the estimated reductionsover the crediting period (tCO2e)31,176
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board10Note (1) Crediting period starts from the date of registration of the project activity as a CDM projectactivity.A.4.4. Public funding of the small-scale project activity:No public funding is involved in the project activity.A.4.5. Confirmation that the small-scale project activity is not a debundled component of a largescale project activity:Debundling is defined as the fragmentation of a large project activity into smaller parts, according toAppendix C (paragraph 2) of the Simplified M&P for Small-Scale CDM project activities. The currentproject cannot be deemed to be a debundled component of a larger project activity because, at the momentof registration of this project, there is no registered small-scale CDM project activity or an application toregister another small-scale CDM project activity with the same project participants; in the same projectcategory and technology/measure; registered within the previous 2 years; and whose project boundary iswithin 1 km of the project boundary of the proposed small-scale activity at the closest point.SECTION B. Application of a baseline and monitoring methodologyB.1. Title and reference of the approved baseline and monitoring methodology applied to thesmall-scale project activity:The following approved methodology is applied to the project activity:Title of the methodology: AMS III.F / Version 10 - Avoidance of methane emissions throughcompostingThis methodology is used in conjunction with the following tool: “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” Version 06.0.1 / EB66. “Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2emissions from fossil fuel combustion”. Version 2 / EB 41. “Tool to calculate baseline, project and/or leakage emissions from electricity consumption” Version 1 /EB39. “Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electrical system” Version 2.2.1 / EB 63.B.2 Justification of the choice of the project category:The project activity qualifies as small scale project as the emissions reductions from the project activity willbe less than 60,000 tCO2e/ year over its crediting period. The approved small scale methodology ‘AMS-III.F / Version 10 - Avoidance of methane emissions through composting’ is applicable to the projectactivity.The table below shows that the proposed project activity meets each of the applicability conditions of themethodology:
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board11Table 3: Justification of the choice of the project categoryApplicability criteria set by AMS III.F/ Version 10 Compliance by the proposed project activity1. This methodology comprises measures to avoid theemissions of methane to the atmosphere frombiomass or other organic matter that would haveotherwise been left to decay anaerobically in a solidwaste disposal site (SWDS), or in an animal wastemanagement system (AWMS), or in a wastewatertreatment system (WWTS). In the project activity,controlled aerobic treatment of biomass isintroduced through aerobic treatment by compostingof biomass is introduced.In the absence of the project activity, the EFBwould be left to decay naturally at anunmanaged dumpsite without any methanerecovery. The project activity proposes toimplement controlled aerobic treatment bycomposting of biomass of EFB.Hence, meets the criteria2. The project activity does not recover or combustlandfill gas from the disposal site (unlike AMS III.G“Landfill methane recovery”), and does notundertake controlled combustion of the waste that isnot treated biologically in a first step (unlike AMSIII.E “Avoidance of methane production from decayof biomass through combustion, gasification ormechanical treatment”). Project activities thatrecover biogas from wastewater treatment shall usemethodology AMS-III.H “Methane recovery inwastewater treatment”. Project activities involvingco-digestion of organic matters shall applymethodology AMS-III.AO “Methane recoverythrough controlled anaerobic digestion”.The project activity does not recover orcombust landfill gas or biogas. The projectactivity does not recover any biogas from thewastewater treatment.Hence, meets the criteria.3. Measures are limited to those that result in emissionreductions of less than or equal to 60kt CO2eannually.The expected annual average emissionreductions is 3.1049 kt CO2e and the highestemission reductions during the crediting periodis expected to be 45.661 kt CO2e / year whichless than the threshold value of 60 kt CO2e.Hence, meets the criteria.4. This methodology is applicable to the composting ofthe organic fraction of municipal solid waste andbiomass waste from agricultural or agro- industrialactivities including manure.The project activity utilizes biomass waste fromoil palm industry such as EFB, decanter cake,ash etc which is an agro- industrial activity.Hence, meets the criteria.5. This methodology includes construction andexpansion of treatment facilities as well as activitiesthat increase capacity utilization at existing facility.For project activities that increase capacityutilization at existing facilities, project participant(s)shall demonstrate that special efforts are made toincrease the capacity utilization, that the existingThe project activity involves construction of anew composting plant. The project activitydisplaces disposal of EFB at unmanaged solidwaste disposal sites thereby reducing GHGemissions. The project activity does not includeany construction or expansion of compostproduction facilities as well as activities that
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board12facility meets all applicable laws and regulationsand that the existing facility is not included in aseparate CDM project activity. The special effortsshould be identified and described.increase capacity utilization at an existingcomposting production facility.This clause is not applicable to the projectactivity.6. This methodology is also applicable for co-composting wastewater and solid biomass waste,where wastewater would otherwise have been treatedin an anaerobic wastewater treatment system withoutbiogas recovery. The wastewater in the projectscenario is used as a source of moisture and/ornutrients to the biological treatment process e.g.composting of empty fruit bunches (EFB), a residuefrom palm oil production, with the addition of palmoil mill effluent (POME) which is the water co-produced from palm oil productionThe project activity utilizes EFB but does notconsume POME from the existing anaerobiclagoon. Thus, this is not a co-compostingproject.This clause in not applicable for the projectactivity.7. In case of co-composting, if it can not bedemonstrated that the organic matter wouldotherwise been left to decay anaerobically, baselineemissions related to such organic matter shall beaccounted for as zero, whereas project emissionsshall be calculated according to the procedurespresented in this methodology for all co-compostedsubstrates.Harvested rain water will be only used aswetting agent for the composting process. Noemission reduction will be claimed from theusage of rain water in the composting process.This clause in not applicable for the projectactivity.8. The location and characteristics of the disposal siteof the biomass, animal manure and co-compostingwastewater in the baseline condition shall be known,in such a way as to allow the estimation of itsmethane emissions, using the provision of AMS-III.G, AMS-III.E (concerning stockpile), AMS-III.D“Methane recovery in animal manure managementsystems” or AMS-III.H respectively. Projectactivities for composting of animal manure shallmeet the requirements under paragraphs 1, and 2 (c)of AMS-III.D. Further no bedding material is usedin the animal barns or intentionally added to theanimal manure stream in the baseline. Blendingmaterials may be added in the project scenario toincrease the efficiency of the composting process(e.g. to achieve a desirable C/N ratio or free airspace value), however, only monitored quality ofsolid waste or manure or wastewater diverted fromthe baseline treatment system is used for emissionreduction calculation. The following requirementshall be checked ex ante at the beginning of eachcrediting period:The location and characteristics of thedumpsites where EFB are currently beingdumped is well defined. In the absence ofproject activity EFBs would have been disposedto two identified solid waste disposal sites;located at a round trip distance ofapproximately 0.1km and 0.4km from the mill.The distance travelled to transport the finishedproduct (after composting) shall beapproximately 120km (round trip). Hence, thedistance in either case is less than 200 km.The project does not involve any disposal ofanimal manure or co-composting of wastewater.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board13(a) Establish that identified landfill(s)/stockpile(s)can be expected to accommodate the waste to beused for the project activity for the duration ofthe crediting period; or(b) Establish that it is a common practice in theregion to dispose off waste in solid wastedisposal site (landfill)/stockpile(s).Hence, meets the criteria9. The project participant shall clearly define thegeographical boundary of the region referred inparagraph 8 (b), and document it in CDM-PDD. Indefining the geographical boundary of the region,project participants should take into account thesource of the waste i.e. if waste is transported up to50km, the region may cover a radius of 50 kmaround the project activity. In addition, it shouldalso consider the distance to which the final productafter composting will be transported. In either case,the region should cover a reasonable radius aroundthe project activity that can be justified withreference to the project circumstances but in no caseit shall be more than 200 km. Once defined, theregion should not be changed during the creditingperiod(s).The geographical boundary of the projectactivity is the district of Kemaman inTerengganu state, Malaysia.The clients whom the compost will be sold toare well identified. The round trip between theproject activity and the client’s location are lessthan 30 km12. However, a round trip distance ofabout 120 km is considered for ex-anteestimation purpose; which is well below 200km.Hence, meets the criteria10. In case produced compost is handled aerobically andsubmitted to soil application, the proper conditionsand procedures (not resulting in methane emissions)must be ensured.The compost produced in the project activityshall be bagged, transported and used as soilconditioner in the nearby plantation through soilapplication and would not result in methaneemissions.Hence, meets the criteria11. In case produced compost is treated thermally/mechanically, the provisions in AMS-III.E related tothermal/mechanical treatment shall be applied.The compost is not thermally/mechanicallytreated under the project activity.Hence, this condition is not applicable for theproject activity.12Distance between the project activity and external buyers (end user of compost) have been plotted using GoogleMap application.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board1412. In case produced compost is stored under anaerobicconditions and /or delivered to a landfill, emissionsfrom the residual organic content shall be taken intoaccount and calculated as per the latest version ofthe “Tool to determine methane emissions avoidedfro the disposal of waste at solid waste disposalsite”.The compost produced shall be bagged,transported and used as soil conditioner in thenearby plantations. No compost will be storedunder anaerobic conditions and/or delivered to alandfill. Also, in no circumstances, that thefinished compost shall be bagged and stored atthe project activity for more than 1 week.Hence, this condition is not applicable for theproject activity.B.3. Description of the project boundary:The project boundary is the physical, geographical site where: The solid waste would have been disposed of and the methane emission occurs in the absence of theproposed project activity - dumping site for EFB; The treatment of biomass through composting takes place – composting plant; The organic compost is handled, bagged, disposed and submitted to soil application; The transportation of waste, runoff water, compost occur (itineraries between all locationsmentioned above).The composting plant is adjacent to the existing palm oil mill. The EFB will be shredded and loaded intowindrows. All runoff water produced from the composting process will undergo a series of treatmentsbefore discharged into public waterways. The end product (compost) produced will be applied in the palmoil plantation. Therefore, the project boundary includes the effluent treatment and discharge as well as theoil palm plantation in which the compost is applied.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board15Figure 3: Project boundaryThe sources and GHGs included in the project boundary are given in Table 4 below:Table 4 – Sources of GHG emissionsEmissions Sources Gas Included CommentBaselineemissionsDumping of EFB inthe dumping siteCH4 Yes Main baseline emissions from anaerobic decay ofEFB in unmanaged dumpsites.CO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Transportation CO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.CH4 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Auxiliary fuelconsumptionCO2 No Similar project activity was not implemented inthe baseline scenario. Thus, emission due toauxiliary equipment has been excluded forsimplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.CH4 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.POME fromanaerobic lagoonCH4 No No POME shall be used in the compostingprocess. The POME will be treated existing (openPOMEShredding (ifrequired)Composting siteRotation ofwindrowsRain / Leachate pondTransportationApplication ofcompost in the oilpalm plantationExisting anaerobic pondsExisting EFB dumpsiteElectricity(Grid)MillFinal CompostRunoffwaterEFBEarth pondAlgae pondFinal DischargeRetention pondWaste transport from source (Mill) to theproject site (Within a radius of 0.65 kmfrom the mill)Transportation of end productfrom the project activity tothe end user (Within a radiusof 60 km from the projectsite)Excess of wastewater fromrunoff water (if any)Other organic palm oil mill wastesuch as decanter residue and ash(subject to availability)Rejectmaterial
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board16lagoons) system as before. Excluded forsimplification. This is conservative.CO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.ProjectemissionsTransportation CO2 Yes The project emissions due to transportation bytrucks of EFB and organic compost need to beconsidered. In the baseline scenario, the EFB wastransported to two dumpsites which is locatednearer to the palm oil mill in comparison to theproject activity scenario; which is incremental interms of carbon emissions.The emissions due to transportation of finishedorganic compost shall also be considered in thecalculation.CH4 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Electricity CO2 Yes Project emissions are considered from theelectricity used in the project activity in caserenewable biomass based grid electricity is notavailable from the mill.CH4 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Fossil fuel CO2 Yes Emissions are expected from fossil fuelconsumption by vehicles (such as turners, wheelloader and etc used for waste management at thesite) and auxiliary equipment at the compostingsites.CH4 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Composting process CH4 Yes The methane emissions from the compostingprocess are consideredCO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Runoff water CH4 Yes All runoff water will be collected in the leachatecollection pond and recycled to the compostingmaterials as moisture and/or nutrient source. Theexcess water from the leachate pond shall gothrough a series of treatment ponds such as algaepond and earth before being discharged at theriver source. All parameters related to the finaleffluent discharge such as BOD, COD and etcshall be monitored closely. The project emissionfrom this source is considered.CO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.Residual waste CH4 No There will be no methane emisisons from the
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board17compost due to anaerobic storage or disposal inlandfill as the final compost.The compost will bebagged and transported to plantations and evenlyapplied in the palm oil plantation in between thepalm trees.CO2 No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.N2O No Excluded for simplification. This is conservative.B.4. Description of baseline and its development:According to paragraph 14 of AMS-III.F / Version 10, ‘the baseline scenario is the situation where, in theabsence of the project activity, biomass and other organic matter are left to decay within the projectboundary and methane is emitted to the atmosphere. The baseline emissions are the amount of methaneemitted from the decay of degradable organic carbon in the biomass solid waste. The yearly MethaneGeneration Potential for the solid waste is calculated using the first order decay model as described in themethodological tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites”, version 06.0.1/EB66.In the absence of the project activity, the solid waste biomass (EFB) would be dumped in two unmanagedsolid waste disposal sites located close to the mill and left to decay in anaerobic conditions.Baseline emissions exclude emissions of methane that would have to be captured to comply with nationalregulations. In the case of Malaysia there are no legal requirements to collect and destroy or utilize methanegas from landfill, therefore the totality of the methane emissions are included in the baseline. Figure 4below shows the baseline scenario.Raw EFB Unmanaged dumpsiteFigure 4: Baseline for the project activityB.5. Description of how the anthropogenic emissions of GHG by sources are reduced below thosethat would have occurred in the absence of the registered small-scale CDM project activity:CH4 emissions
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board18B.5.1. CDM consideration for the project activityThe start date of the project activity is 14thMarch 2011, which is the date of contract awarded tosubcontractor. Paragraph 2 of “Guidelines on the demonstration and assessment of prior consideration ofthe CDM”, version 04 / EB 62 indicates that notification must be made to Host Party Designated NationalAuthority (DNA) and the UNFCCC within six months of the project activity start date. The notificationwas made on 10thAugust 2011 which is within six months time frame. As the starting date of the projectactivity is before the date of validation, early consideration of CDM must be demonstrated in accordancewith the latest “Guidelines on the demonstration and assessment of prior consideration of the CDM13”.CDM has been seriously considered by the project owner prior to the commencement of the construction,and a series of continuing actions have been undertaken to secure CDM support throughout the planningand construction phases. The key actions and the timeline of the CDM consideration of the project activityare outlined in Table 5 below.Table 5: Timeline of the project activityEvent Date EvidenceMemorandum of Understanding with CER Buyer 03/11/2010 MoU with Gazprom Marketing andTrading Limited (GMT)Proposal from CDM consultant 14/01/2011 E-mail from YTL-SV Carbon Sdn.Bhd. dated 14/01/2011Decision to develop project as a CDM project(Investment decision date)02/02/2011 Extract of Board resolution (decisionmade as per date on the resolution)Project start date 14/03/2011 Letter of award to contractor(Kemuncak Pesaka Sdn. Bhd.)Conclusion of ERPA with CER buyer 04/07/2011 ERPA (1stERPA) -– signed withGazprom Marketing & Trading(Singapore) Pte LtdAppointment of CDM consultant 28/07/2011 CDM consultancy agreementLocal stakeholders consultation meeting 28/07/2011 Newspaper advertisement andinvitation letterNotification of Prior consideration to DNA,Malaysia02/08/2011 Letter to DNA Malaysia dated02/08/2011Acknowledgement from DNA, Malaysia 05/08/2011 Letter Ref: NRE (S) 602-2/11Notification of Prior consideration to UNFCCC 10/08/2011 E-mail sent to UNFCCC dated10/08/2011Acknowledgement email from UNFCCC 22/08/2011 E-mail received from UNFCCCdated 22/08/201113EB 62, Annex 13
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board19Conclusion of re-signed ERPA with CER buyer 10/01/2012ERPA (2ndERPA)14– signed withGazprom Marketing & Trading (UK)LimitedStart of validation by DOE 07/03/2012 On site validation was conducted on7thMarch 2012.Received host country approval from DNA,Malaysia16/04/2012 Letter Ref: NRE (S) 602-2/11 Jld15(38)Received Annex 1 approval from DNA, UK 30/05/2012 Letter Ref: EA/GAZPROM/08/2012The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that was signed with Gazprom (CER Buyer) on 3rdNovember2010 demonstrates that CDM incentives were very seriously considered right from early stages of planningthe project activity. The MoU gave strong confidence to the project proponent to move further in thisproject. Nevertheless, the project proponent worked on the cash flow, received quotes from the contractorsand did other market studies. Proposal from the CDM consultant was received on 14thJanuary 2011 andthe board made the decision to invest in the project on 2nd February 2011, which is the date of the boardresolution. The letter of award for contractors to start the project was awarded on 14thMarch 2011,following the decision to develop and invest in the CDM project (as proved by the board resolution). Theboard resolution also paved the way for the signing of an Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement (ERPA)with Gazprom.The ERPA was signed with Gazprom Marketing & Trading (Singapore) Pte Ltd on 4thof July 2011.However, the initial ERPA signed with Gazprom Marketing & Trading (Singapore) Pte. Ltd was notaccepted by the Malaysian DNA, as Singapore is not an Annex 1 buyer. Thus, the ERPA was re-signedwith Gazprom Marketing & Trading (UK) Limited on 10thJanuary 2012.B.5.2. Additionality of the proposed project activityAs per the “Guidelines on the demonstration of additionality of small-scale project activities”, version 09.0/ EB 68, proof that the project is additional is required. This is done by identifying the barriers that wouldhave prevented the project from occurring. At least one of the following barriers is required: Investment barriers Technological barriers Barrier due to prevailing practice Other barriersThe main barrier faced by the project activity is discussed below:B.5.2.1 Investment barrier14The initial ERPA was signed between the project proponents with Gazprom Marketing & Trading (Singapore)Pte Ltd but was later re-signed with Gazprom Trading Limited (UK) at the request of the Malaysian DNA.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board20The current practice of disposal of EFB in the unmanaged dumpsite only involves transportation costs. Thetreatment of POME is conducted using anaerobic and aerobic lagoons already established at the mill.Therefore the continuation of current practice will not require additional capital investment.On the other hand the construction of a new composting plant will require apportion of land, new equipmentand staff which will incur huge investment. It is estimated that about 4 hectares of land will be taken awayfrom the plantation for the establishment of the composting plant. Table 6 below details the project capitalinvestment and annual operational costs. All values are in Ringgit Malaysia (RM), the official currency ofMalaysia.Table 6: Capital investmentDescription Evidence ProjectInvestment(Pre-Operational)(RM)Operation cost(for the first year)(RM)Composting plant1.Capital costi.Cost of Engineering,Procurement, Construction &Commissioning (EPCC)ii.Quality control (QC) productiontraining, installation andcommissioningProject engineering, Departmentof Environment (DOE)application procedure,Preliminary Survey, Design,EngineeringQuotation fromsuppliers with detailsprovided in thefinancial cash flowsheetAgreement betweenFELCRA BukitKepong & MyagriNutribio9,312,979180,000500,0002.Annual operational costi. Annual O& M costii. Raw material cost (EFB andmicrobes)iii. wateriv. Contract bagging, mixing &Assumed 3% of totalmachinery costRental agreementbetween projectproponent &participating mill /Biotech AllianceRefer “Water CostKetengah -Version02”Refer “baggingmixing loading118,6801,032,900560673,200
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board21loadingv. Annual labour costvi. Annual diesel costvii. Project management fee(Wamosas Enterprise)quotation”Refer breakdown ofmanpowerRefer list ofequipment & dieselconsumptionRefer “Service LevelAgreement (Schedule1)-MEB vs MAN”444,600320,200240,000Total 9,992,979 2,830,140Compost sale price @ 140 RM/tonCER priceRM 140/ ton€10 / CERThe implementation of the project activity demands an investment of RM 9.992 million for the compostingequipment, civil works, project management and training fees. The sale price of the organic compost hasbeen assumed as RM 14015/ton based on invoice from other plant managed by the project proponent. It isexpected that about 22,44016tons of compost would be produced per year which is expected to generate anincome of RM 3,141,600. However, even if the mill generates more EFB during the crediting period, theproject capacity will not process more than 66,000 tons of EFB per annum.A nominal residual value from the sale of the depreciated assets after the end of the crediting period wasalso calculated and included in the financial model as required in the guidance on the ‘Guidelines on theAssessment of Investment Analysis’ Version 05.The project internal rate of return (IRR) has been calculated for the project activity using the above capitaland operational cost estimates to evaluate the financial viability of the project. A period of 15 years has15Myagri Nutribio Sdn Bhd is the composting technology provider for LKPP Corporation. The compost plant atLCSB Lepar is fully owned by LKPP Corporation, and is also the pilot compost plant by Myagri. The price atwhich compost is sold by LKPP Corporation serves as the basis for the project activity. Hence, project proponenthas taken the price of RM140/ton for the compost.16Based on project proponent’s plant operating experience at LCSB plant; EFB to compost ratio has been derivedat 34%.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board22been considered for investment analysis17as raw material supply is contracted for 15 years only. TheProject IRR for the project activity has been calculated as -0.62%. This return is certainly not viablefor an entrepreneur to establish a new project. The pre-tax benchmark of 8.8% is chosen as supported by thecommercial bank lending rate available in Malaysia18; a base lending rate of 6.30% plus effective cost rateof 2.5% is considered for the benchmark calculation. Since the Project IRR is much lower than the chosenbenchmark, it is clearly demonstrated that the investment in the project activity does not make financialsense to the investors.Table 7: Calculation of BenchmarkBank lending rate 6.3%Effective cost rate 2.5%Calculated benchmark 8.8%B.5.2.2 Sensitivity AnalysisLatest “Guidelines on the assessment of investment analysis” require the project developer to subject criticalassumption to reasonable variations to ascertain the robustness of conclusion drawn, that is, the project isadditional. As required, a sensitivity analysis was undertaken using variations for various project variables.The Project IRRs for various variations on capital expenditure, operational expenses and revenue are given inTable 8 below:Table8: Results of sensitivity analysis for the project activityVariation Project IRR (withoutCDM revenues)CommentCompost price + 10% 3.47% Lower than the benchmarkCompost price - 10% -5.04% Lower than the benchmarkO&M cost + 10% -4.58% Lower than the benchmarkO&M cost - 10% 3.08% Lower than the benchmarkCAPEX + 10% -1.0% Lower than the benchmarkCAPEX - 10% -0.15% Lower than the benchmarkCompost quantity +10% 3.47% Lower than the benchmarkCompost quantity -10% -5.04% Lower than the benchmarkThrough the sensitivity analysis we could derive that the financial analysis is quite robust against ±10%variations to the input parameters. The IRRs of the project activity with variations of investment cost,17This is also supported by a letter dated 1stDec 2011 from the technology provider that technical project life timefor the composting plant is 15 years.18Brochure from Bank Pembangunan Malaysia for high technology industry
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board23revenue and O&M costs without CER revenue is shown in the graph below in Figure 5. Further to theanalysis, we also could establish that the project will cross the benchmark of 8.8% IRR as shown below:Figure 5 – Graph showing IRR without and without CDM revenue with variations of project variablesTable 9: Variation of variables for IRR without CDM to cross benchmarkVariation CommentCompost price + 24.0% Crossed the benchmarkCAPEX - 70.7% Crossed the benchmarkO&M cost -26.6% Crossed the benchmarkQuantity of compost + 24.0% Crossed the benchmarkCurrently, there are about twenty eight composting projects from Malaysia registered with UNFCCC. Outof these, 26 projects are registered under methodology AMS-III.F19and two of them are registered undermethodology AM0039. Further, there are another 16 projects under methodology AMS-III.F, 7 projectsunder AM0025 and 13 projects under AM0039 from Malaysia that are listed in the UNFCCC under19http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/projsearch.html
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board24project under going validation20. Considering large numbers of similar projects in Malaysia, there is apossibility of supply exceeding the demand of compost in the local market. Therefore, an increase of 24.0%in the price of compost is highly unlikely.In the case of CAPEX, the assumption is based on the actual quotation received for a similar project (PerakSADC). Therefore, a decrease of 70.7% in the price of CAPEX is highly unlikely.It is a practice in the manufacturing industry that the maintenance cost to be taken as 5% of the total costof plant and machineries. For conservative purposes, the project proponent has assumed 3% of the totalplant and machineries. Therefore, a decrease of 26.6% in the price of O&M is highly unlikely.The project proponent has clearly indicated that the project activity could only treat maximum EFB of66,00021tons of EFB per annum. Hence, an increase of 24.0% in the quantity of compost generated by theproject activity is high unlikely.The result of sensitivity analysis conducted confirm that the internal rate of return of the projectactivity without CDM revenues is much lower than the benchmark even with 10% variation on eitherside of main factors affecting the cost and revenues of the project.IRR with CDM revenuesThe registration of the project activity as CDM project activity would provide the project activityadditional source of revenue. The IRR of the project activity increases to 11.29% with expected sale ofCERs generated from the project activity. This would make the project commercially attractive to theinvestors.The above facts and figures clarifies that the ‘project activity is financially a non-viable activity withoutCDM revenues’ and is robust to reasonable variations in the critical assumptions. The CDM revenue, theproject activity would obtain through sale of the emission reductions, is necessary to sustain the operationsof the project activity to make it financially attractive.The investment analysis clearly shows that the project is viable only if the incomes from the sale of carboncredits are included. The project activity is not economically and financially viable without the revenuefrom the sale of certified emission reductions.Based on the investment analysis above, the project activity is considered to be additional.B.6. Emission reductions:20http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/Validation/index.html21Calculated based on "Mass balance calculation for Ketengah - Version02- 14.12.12"
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board25B.6.1. Explanation of methodological choices:As per AMS.III.F, version 10, the emission reductions achieved by the project activity will be measured asdifference between the baseline emission (BEy) and the sum of the project emission (PEy) and leakage (LEy).ERy = BEy - (PEy + LEy) (1)Where:ERy Emission reduction in the year y (tCO2e)BEy Baseline emissions in the year y (tCO2e)PEy Project activity emissions in the year y (tCO2e)LEy Leakage emissions in the year y (tCO2e)B.6.1.Baseline EmissionsThe baseline emissions (BEy) of the project activity are calculated as:BEy = BECH4,SWDS,y + BEww,y + BECH4, manure,y - MDy, reg * GWP_CH4 (2)Where:BE CH4,SWDS,y Yearly methane generation potential of the solid waste composted by the project activityduring the years “x” from the beginning of the project activity (x=1) up to the year yestimated as per the latest version of the ‘Tool to determine methane emissions avoidedfrom disposal of waste at a solid waste disposal sites22’ (tCO2e/year). The tool may be usedwith the factor “f=0.0” assuming that no biogas is captured and flared. With the definitionof year x as ‘the year since the project activity started diverting wastes from landfilldisposal, x runs from the first year of crediting period (x=1) to the year which emissions arecalculated (x=y)’BEww,y where applicable, baseline emissions from the wastewater co-composted, calculated as perprocedures AMS III.HBECH4, manure,y where applicable, baseline emissions from manure composted by the project activity as perprocedures AMS III.DMDy, reg Amount of methane that would have to be captured and combusted in the year y to complywith the prevailing regulations (tonne)GWP_CH4 GWP for CH4 (value of 21 is used)In Malaysia there is no regulation to capture and/or combust methane resulting from the anaerobicdegradation of EFB; thus MDy,reg = 0 and hence, not considered further.22The methodology refers to the “Tool to determine methane emissions avoided from disposal of waste at a solidwaste disposal sites” for determining methane potential of SWDS, the name of the tool has been changed as“Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version 06.0.1 in EB 66.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board26No POME will be used in any part of the composting process. As described in section A.2 of the PDD,harvested rain water shall be used as the wetting agent in the composting process. Hence BEww,y is notconsidered. Thus, this is conservative.BECH4, manure,y is not applicable for the project activity.Hence, equation 2 becomes, y BE CH4,SWDS,y (2a)B.6.1.1. Baseline emissions from methane potential of SWDSThe methane emissions avoided during the year y from preventing waste disposal at the solid waste disposalsite (SWDS) during the period from the start of the project activity to the end of the year y (tCO2 e) arecalculated according to the Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1 as reported in equation 3 below:(3)BECH4,SWDS,y Baseline, project or leakage methane emissions occurring in the year y generated fromPECH4,SWDS,y waste disposal at a SWDS during a time period ending in year y (t CO2e / yr)LECH4,SWDS,yx Years in the time period in which waste is disposed at the SWDS, extending from the firstyear in the time period (x=1) to year y (x=y).y Year of the crediting period for which methane emissions are calculated (y is a consecutiveperiod of 12 months)DOCf,y Fraction of degradable organic carbon (DOC) that decomposes under the specificconditions occurring in the SWDS for year y (weight fraction)Wj,x Amount of organic waste type j disposed/prevented from disposal in the SWDS in the yearxφy Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties for year yfy Fraction of methane captured at the SWDS and flared, combusted or used in anothermanner that prevents the emissions of methane to atmosphere in the yGWPCH4 Global Warming Potential of methaneOX Oxidation factor (reflecting the amount of methane from SWDS that is oxidized in the soilor other material covering the waste)F Fraction of methane in the SWDS gas (volume fraction)MCFy Methane correction factor for the year yDOCj Fraction of degradable organic carbon in the waste type j (weight fraction);kj Decay rate for the waste type j (l/yr)j Type of residual waste or types of waste in the MSWThe project activity is a composting project which involves avoidance of disposal of waste at SWDS.Hence, project falls under application B as per tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites”, version06.0.1.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board27B.6.1.2 Project activity emissionsAccording to AMS-III.F / Version 10 project emissions arise from incremental transportation distances,electricity and/or fossil fuel consumption by the project activity facilities, methane emissions duringcomposting process as well as methane emissions from runoff water and methane emissions from fromdisposal or storage of compost.The total project emissions in (tCO2e) can be calculated using equation 4 below:PEy = PEy,transp + PEy,power + PEy, comp + PEy, runoff + PEy,res waste (4)Where:PEy Project activity emissions in the year y (tCO2e)PEy,transp Emissions from incremental transportation in the year y (tCO2e)PEy,power Emissions from electricity and/or fossil fuel consumption in the year y (tCO2e)PEy,comp Methane emissions during composting process in the year y (tCO2e)PEy,runoff Methane emissions from runoff water in the year y (tCO2e)PEy,res waste In case of produced compost is subjected to anaerobic storage or disposed in landfill:methane emissions from anaerobic decay of the residual organic content (tCO2e)B.6.1.2.1 Emissions from incremental transportationThe project emissions due to incremental transport distances are calculated based on the incrementaldistance between:(i.) The collection points of biomass and the compost treatment site as compared to the baseline solidwaste disposal site;(ii.) The collection points of wastewater and compost treatment site as compared to the baselinewastewater treatment system;(iii.) Treatment site and the sites for soil application, landfilling and further treatment of the producedcompost.(i) Transport of EFB to compost plantThe EFB from the palm oil mill to the composting would be transported via trucks. The distance betweenthe project activity and the palm oil mill is about 1.3km (round trip). Thus, the incremental carbonemissions due to transportation of EFB to compost plant shall be considered.(ii) Wastewater transportNo wastewater will be used or transported via vehicle in the project activity. Hence, no project emissionsare accounted for transport of wastewater to the compost plant.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board28(iii) Transport of produced compost to sites for soil applicationThe project emissions due to transport raw EFB to project activity and transport of the produced and baggedcompost to the sites for soil application are calculated as per the following formula as per AMS III.F/version 10PEy,transp = (Qy/CTy) * DAFw * EFCO2,transport + (Qy,treatment/CTy,treatemnt) * DAFtreatment * EFCO2,transport (5)Where:Qy Quantity of raw waste/manure treated and/or wastewater co-treated in the year y (tonnes)CTy Average truck capacity for transportation (tonnes/truck)DAFw Average incremental distance for raw solid waste and/or wastewater transportation(km/truck)EFCO2,transport CO2 emission factor from fuel use due to transportation (kgCO2/km, IPCC default value orlocal values may be used) 23Qy, treatment Quantity of compost produced in the year y (tonnes)CTy, treatment Average truck capacity for compost transportation (tonnes/truck)DAFtreatment Average distance for compost product transportation (km/truck)B.6.1.2.2 Project emissions from electricity and/or fossil fuel consumptionPEy,power = PEFC,j,y + PEEC,y (6)Where:PEy,power Emissions from electricity and/or fossil fuel consumption in the year y (tCO2e)PEFC,j,y Project emissions from fossil fuel combustion in process j during the year y (tCO2/yr)PEEC,y Project emissions from electricity consumption in year y (tCO2e)For ex-ante calculations, EC PJ,j,y have been considered as zero as it is assumed that the electricity will betaken from the mill which generates electricity from renewable energy sources. However, during ex-post, ifno or in-sufficient electricity is available from the mill, electricity for the project activity will be sourcedfrom the grid. In such cases, emissions from grid electricity will be calculated and accounted foraccordingly. As the electricity consumption will be from the grid, Scenario A of the “Tool to calculatebaseline, project and/or leakage emissions from electricity consumption” / version 01 is applicable for theproject activity. As per equation 1of the tool:(7a)23"Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion" has referred weighted averageCO2 emission factor of fuel (diesel) as EFCO2,i,y. However, there are 2 types of emission factor of diesel used in thecalculations. For clarity, weighted average CO2 emission factor due to onsite consumption has been referred asEFCO2,diesel. Whilst, weighted average CO2 emission factor for transportation of finished compost has been referredas EFCO2,transport.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board29Where:PE EC,y Project emissions from electricity consumption in year y (tCO2e)EC PJ,j,y Quantity of electricity consumed by the project electricity consumption source j in year y(MWh/yr)EFEL,j,y Emission factor for electricity generation for source j in year y (tCO2e/MWh)TDL j,y Average technical transmission and distribution loses for providing electricity to source jin year yFurther, the tool gives two options for the calculation of combined margin emission factor of the applicableelectricity system.Option A1: Calculate the combined margin emission factor of the applicable electricity system, using theprocedures in the latest approved version of the “Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricitysystem” (EFEL,j/k/l,y = EFgrid,CM,y)Option A2: Use of conservative default valuesThe project proponent has considered Option A1 for calculation of emission factor for the project. Also, asper the tool, EFEL,j/k/l,y = EFgrid,CM,y. Hereafter, EFEL,j,y shall be referred as EFgrid,CM,y in all the documentrelated to this project.Diesel may be consumed for running the vehicles and other facilities. The emissions due to dieselconsumption are calculated as per “Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2emissions from fossil fuelcombustion”/ Version 2. As per equation (1) of the tool,(7b)Where:PEFC,j,y Are the CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in process j during the year y (tCO2/ yr)FCi,j,y Is the quantity of fuel type i combusted in process j during the y (mass or volume unit/yr)COEFi,y Is the CO2 emission coefficient of fuel type i in year y (tCO2/mass or volume unit)i Are the fuel types combusted in process j during the year yBased on the Option B and equation (4) of “Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2emissions from fossilfuel combustion”/ Version 2, COEFi,y could be calculated using the following equation:COEFi,y = NCVi,y × EFCO2,diesel (7c)Where:COEFi,y Is the CO2 emission coefficient of fuel type i in the year y (tCO2/mass or volume unit)NCVi,y Is the weighted average net calorific value of the fuel type i in the year y (GJ/mass orvolume unit)
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board30EFCO2,diesel Is the weighted average CO2 emission factor of fuel type i in the year y (tCO2/GJ) 24i Are the fuel types combusted in process j during the year yB.6.1.2.3 Project emissions during composting process in the year yIn order to monitor that the composting process aerobic, an oxygen meter will be used at the compostingsite. Also, the constant turning of the composting material in the windrows througout the composting periodmeans that aeration, thus aerobic process, is ensured. This should allow for zero methane emissions fromthe composting process. For ex-ante estimates, the emissions due to composting process are considered tobe zero. Nonetheless, the oxygen content of the material in the windrows shall be continously monitored,and project emisions would be considered if oxygen content is less than 8%. The emissions duringcomposting process will be calculated as per equation 4 of the methodology as follows:PE y comp = Qy * EFcomposting * GWP_CH4(8)Where:Qy Quantity of raw waste composted in the year y (tonnes).EFcomposting Emission factor for composting of organic waste and/or manure (tCH4/ton waste treated).Emission factors can be based on facility/site-specific measurements, country specificvalues or IPCC default value (table 4.1, chapter 4, Volume 5, 2006 IPCC Guidelines forNational Greenhouse Gas Inventories). IPCC default values are 10 g CH4/kg waste treatedon a dry weight basis and 4 g CH4/kg waste treated on a wet weight basis.EFcomposting can be set to zero for the portions of Qy for which the monitored oxygen contentof the composting process in all points within the windrow are above 8%. This can be donevia sampling with maximum margin of error of 10% at a 90% confidence level. For thispurpose a portable oxygen meter can be used with lancets of at least 1 m length. In the caseof forced aerated in-vessel and forced aerated pile composting systems continuousmeasurements may also be done using online sensors.B.6.1.2.4 Project emissions from runoff waterIt is expected that no runoff water shall leave the composting yard. The composting site will be coveredwith special material25as described before and the runoff water will be collected and recyled back into thecomposting piles for moisture and /or nutrient. The primary wetting agent for the composting process willbe the runoff water and harvested rain water. A series of leachate collection and treatment pond will be24"Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion" has referred weighted averageCO2 emission factor of fuel (diesel) as EFCO2,i,y. However, there are 2 types of emission factor of diesel used in thecalculations. For clarity, weighted average CO2 emission factor due to onsite consumption has been referred asEFCO2,diesel. Whilst, weighted average CO2 emission factor for transportation of finished compost has been referredas EFCO2,transport.25This is used is a composting canvas which allows aeration to the heaps but prevents water seepage. Refer”Composting Cover – Toptex Effective Protection.pdf”.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board31constructed near the composting area to collect any leachate produced and recycled back as a wetting agentfor the composting process. Leachate from the leachate pond shall be recycled and applied to thecomposting heaps in order to balance the high water evaporation due to the aggressive decompositionprocess and to maintain the temperature for optimum function of composting microorganisms. In case thereis any excess leachate generation, the same will be treated in treatment ponds such as algae pond, leachatepond and earth pond. The important process parameters such as temperature, moisture content and oxygenpercentage, etc., will be monitored to ensure optimum aerobic conditions of the composting process. Theexcess amount of treated leachate shall be only discharged to the river source after meeting all theparameters such as BOD, COD and pH has been properly monitored and below the approved level. Thus,the final discharge will be closely monitored and project emissions due to runoff water shall be accountedfor (if there is any).In case there is any runoff water , project emissions from runoff water from the composting yard ( PEy,runoff )shall be calculated as per equation (5) of AMS III.F/ version 10, which is as follows:PEy,runoff = Qy,ww,runoff * CODy,ww,runoff * Bo,ww * MCFww,treatment * UFb * GWP_CH4 (9)Where:Qy,ww,runoff Volume of runoff water in the year y (m3)CODy,ww,runoff Chemical oxygen demand of the runoff water leaving the composting yard in the year y(tonnes/m3)For ex ante estimation, the volume of runoff water may be based in the area of thecomposting yard and the yearly average rainfall, and the COD for domestic wastewater maybe used. For ex post calculations the measured volume and COD shall be used.Bo,ww Methane producing capacity of the wastewater (IPCC default value of 0.25 kg CH4/kgCOD)MCFww,treatment Methane correction factor for wastewater treatment system where the runoff water is treated(MCF value as per relevant provisions in AMS-III.H)UFb Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties (1.12)The same has been considered as 0 for ex-ante purposes. During ex-post, quantity of runoff water (if any)will be monitored and the project emissions shall be accounted accordingly.B.6.1.2.5 Project emissions from anaerobic storage of compostThe returns for the project activity is by sale of produced compost and therefore, it will not be disposed in alandfill. The compost will be bagged and transported to plantations and evenly applied in the palm oilplantation in between the palm trees. In no circumstances, that the finished compost shall be bagged andstored at the project activity for more than 1 week. Thus, it is unlikely that the final compost will besubjected to anaerobic storage which may cause methane emissions from anaerobic decay of final compost.Thus. this component of the project emissions is considered zero for the project activity.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board32B.6.1.2.6 LeakageIn the project activity, no equipment has been transferred from another activity or the existing equipment isnot transferred to another activity.As per ’General guidance on leakage in biomass project activities, version 03, as the project involves use ofbiomass residues or waste, the only option applicable for the project activity would be ’competing use ofbiomass’. Further, as per paragraph 4 point C. and paragraph 17 of the guidance, the above shall beapplicable if in the absence of the project, the biomass would have been used elsewhere for the same or adifferent purpose. However, the EFB used in the project activity would have been disposed off in thedumpsite or Solid Waste Disposal Site (SWDS) in the absence of the project activity and would not havebeen put to use elsewhere. Hence this condition is not applicable to the project activity and therefore thereshall be not leakage due to competing use of biomass.B.6.2. Data and parameters that are available at validation:ID no. AData / Parameter: yData unit: -Description: Model correction factor to account for model uncertainties for the year ySource of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.85Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :The project is located in Terengganu, Malaysia which has an average annualtemperature (MAT)26and mean annual precipitation (MAP)27of greater than20°C and 1000 mm. Based on climatic conditions mentioned under Table 5 of thetool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version 06.0.1”, ‘humid/wetconditions’ apply for the project activity; Accordingly, the corresponding defaultvalue for yfor humid/wet conditions) as per Table 3 has been used.Any comment: Table 3 is applicable to Option 1 in the procedure “Determining in the modelcorrection factor (y)”ID no. BData / Parameter: OXData unit: -Description: Oxidation factor (reflecting the amount of methane from SWDS that is oxidizedin the soil or other material covering the waste)26Page 11 & 12; Presentation by Wan Azli Wan Hassan, Malaysian Meteorological Department, Ministry ofScience, Technology and Innovation (wan_azli_influence_of_climate_change_on_malaysias_wx_pattern.pdf)27Page 11 & 12; Presentation by Wan Azli Wan Hassan, Malaysian Meteorological Department, Ministry ofScience, Technology and Innovation (wan_azli_influence_of_climate_change_on_malaysias_wx_pattern.pdf)
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board33Source of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.1Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Default value as per tool.Any comment: When methane passes through the top-layer, part of it is oxidized bymethanotrophic bacteria to produce CO2. The oxidation factor represents theproportion of methane that is oxidized to CO2. This should be distinguished frommethane correction factor (MCF) which is to account for situation that ambientair might intrude into the SWDC and prevent methane from being formed in theupper layer of SWDS.ID no. CData / Parameter: FData unit: -Description: Fraction of methane in the SWDS gas (volume fraction)Source of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.5Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Default value as per toolAny comment: Upon biodegradation, organic material is covered to a mixture of methane andcarbon dioxide.ID no. DData / Parameter: DOCf,yData unit: Weight fractionDescription: Default value for the fraction of degradable organic carbon (DOC) in MSW thatdecomposes in the SWDSSource of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.5Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Default value as per tool for Application B as per tool has been applied
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board34Any comment: This factor reflects the fact that some degradable organic carbon does notdegrade, or degrades very slowly, in the SWDS. This default value can only beused fori) Application A; orii) Application B if the tool is applied to MSW.An alternative to using the default factor is to estimate DOCf,y or DOCf,m usingequations (9),(10) and (11) above.ID no. EData / Parameter: MCFyData unit: -Description: Methane correction factorSource of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.8Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :The SWDS in the project does not have a water table above the bottom of theSWDS. The site is an unmanaged solid waste disposal sites with depth of greaterthan 5 metres28. Accordingly, the corresponding value for unmanaged solid wastedisposal sites – deep has been applied as per the tool.Any comment: The SWDS in the project is an unmanaged site with depth greater than 5 metersand with no water above the bottom of the SWDS.ID no. FData / Parameter: DOCjData unit: -Description: Fraction of degradable organic carbon in the waste type j (weight fraction)Source of data used: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1Value applied: 0.20Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Default value as per tool.The tool mentions that, the characteristics of EFB are similar to wet gardenwaste. Hence, the corresponding value for garden waste as per the default valuein the tool has been used.Any comment: The procedure for the ignition loss test is described in BS EN 15169:2007Characterization of waste. Determination of loss on ignition in waste, sludgeand sediments.The percentages listed in Table 4 are based on a wet waste basis which isconcentrations in the waste as it is delivered to the SWDS. The IPCC28Photographic proof of the depth of SWDS with more than 5m has been provided to the DOE.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board35Guidelines also specify DOC values on a dry waste basis, which are theconcentrations complete removal of all moist from waste, which is not believedpractical for this situation.ID no. GData / parameter: kjData unit: l/yrDescription: Decay rate for the waste type jSource of data: Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version06.0.1 and IPCC 2006 Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories(adapted from Volume 5, Table 3.3)Values to be applied: 0.17Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :The project is located in tropical area with the average annual temperature(MAT) and mean annual precipitation (MAP) 20°C and 1000 mm29.Appropriate default values based on table 5 of tool from “Emissions from solidwaste disposal sites” has been used.Any comment: The project us located in tropical area with average annual temperature (MAT)and mean annual precipitation (MAP) of greater than 20°C and 1000 mm asindicated above.ID no. HData / Parameter: EFcompostingData unit: t CH4/t waste treated on a wet weight basisDescription: Emission factor for composting of organic wasteSource of data used: AMS III F / version 10Value applied: 0.004Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Default value as per AMS III F/ version 10 and IPCC 2006 Guidelines - Table4.1, chapter 4, Volume 5)A portable oxygen meter will be used to measure the oxygen content of thecomposting processAny comment: For the ex-ante calculations EFcomposting has been set to zero for the total quantityof compostable matter. The oxygen content of the composting process will bemonitored to ensure that it is above 8% throughout the crediting period. Thisfactor will be applied to calculate project emissions for the quantity for whichoxygen content is less than 8%29Presentation by Wan Azli Wan Hassan, Malaysian Meteorological Department, Ministry of Science,Technology and Innovation (wan_azli_influence_of_climate_change_on_malaysias_wx_pattern.pdf)
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board36ID no. IData / Parameter: GWPCH4Data unit: t CO2e / t CH4Description: Global Warming Potential of methaneSource of data: IPCC 2006 GuidelinesValue to be applied: 21 for the first commitment period. Shall be updated for future commitmentperiods according to any future COP/MOP decisions.Any comment: -ID no. JData / Parameter: Bo,wwData unit: kg CH4/kg CODDescription: Methane producing capacity of wastewaterSource of data used: IPCC default valueValue applied: 0.25Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :As per AMS-III.F Version 10Any comment: The wastewater produced from the project activity is the runoff water and thisquantity is expected to be small. Also, all the runoff water will be collected in acollection tank and recycled back to the windrow piles. In case of excess runoffduring rainy season, wastewater will be pumped to the algae treatment systemwhere runoff water will be treated.ID no. KData / Parameter: MCF ww,treatmentData unit: -Description: Methane correction factor for the wastewater treatment system where the runoffwater is treatedSource of data used: MCF value as per table III.H.1 of CDM approved small scale methodologyAMS-III.H / version 16Value applied: 0.8Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :AMS-III.F / version 10 mentions to adopt this value from AMS-III.H. Since therunoff water, if any, will be treated in an anaerobic deep lagoon (depth more than2 meters), the corresponding value has been taken as per the Table III.H.1 ofAMS-III.H / version 16.Any comment: The wastewater produced from the project activity is the runoff water and thisquantity is expected to be small. Also, all the runoff water will be collected in acollection tank and recycled back to the windrow piles. In case of excess runoffduring rainy season, wastewater will be pumped to the algae treatment systemwhere runoff water will be treated.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board37ID no. LData / Parameter: UFbData unit: -Description: Model correction factor to account for model uncertaintiesSource of data used: As per methodology AMS-III.F / version 10Value applied: 1.12Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :As per AMS-III.F / version 10Any comment: The wastewater produced from the project activity is the runoff water and thisquantity is expected to be small. Also, all the runoff water will be collected in acollection tank and recycled back to the windrow piles. In case of excess runoffduring rainy season, wastewater will be pumped to the algae treatment systemwhere runoff water will be treated.ID no. MData / Parameter: TDLj,yData unit: %Description: Average technical transmission and distribution losses for providing electricity tothe source j in year ySource of data used: Tool to calculate baseline, project and/or leakage emissions from electricityconsumption / version 01Value applied: Apply 20% in case of scenario A (use of electricity imported from the grid).Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :Scenario A of the “Tool to calculate baseline, project and/or leakage emissionsfrom electricity consumption” – “Electricity consumption from the grid” isapplicable for the project activity.The ‘Tool to calculate baseline, project and/or leakage emissions from electricityconsumption’ gives the following options to calculate the average technical anddistribution losses for Scenario A:(i.) Use recent, accurate and reliable data available within the host country;(ii.) Use as default values of 20% for:(a) project or leakage electricity consumption sources;(b) baseline electricity consumption sources if the electricityconsumption by all project and leakage electricity consumptionsources to which scenario A or scenario C (cases C.I or C.III)applies is larger than the electricity consumption of all baselineelectricity consumption sources to which scenario A or scenarioC (cases C.I or C.III) applies.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board38(iii.) Use as default values of 3% for:(a) baseline electricity consumption sources;(b) project and leakage electricity consumption sources if theelectricity consumption by all project and leakage electricityconsumption sources to which scenario A or scenario C (casesC.I or C.III) applies is smaller than the electricity consumptionof all baseline electricity consumption sources to which scenarioA or scenario C (cases C.I or C.III) applies.Option (i) has not been opted as there is no accurate, reliable and publiclyavailable information for technical transmission and distribution losses forMalaysia in 2009, the latest year for which the grid emission factor is publiclyavailable.Option (iii) has not been opted as- this is not for baseline electricity consumption source; and- the electricity consumption by all project and leakage electricity consumptionsources is not smaller than the electricity consumption of all baseline electricityconsumption sources.Hence, default value of 20 % as per option (ii) has been opted.Any comment: The default value of 20% is fixed for the entire crediting period.ID no. NData / Parameter: EFgrid,CM,yData unit: tCO2/MWhDescription: Combined margin emissions factor for the grid in year ySource of data used: Official sources: GreenTech Malaysia (CDM Energy Secretariat, Malaysia)Value applied: 0.683Justification of thechoice of data ordescription ofmeasurement methodsand procedures actuallyapplied :In Malaysia, the grid emission factor is determined by GreenTech Malaysia andmade publically available in order to facilitate the development of renewableenergy based CDM projects in Malaysia.At the time of submitting the CDM-PDD to DOE for validation, the most recentdata publically available is the 2009 emission factor30. The same have been usedin the “Calculation of Peninsular Grid Emission Factor”.Any comment: EFgrid,CM,y is the same as EFEL,j,y.The tool to calculate emission factor allows OM and BM to be determined onceat validation stage and fixed ex-ante for the entire crediting period. The projectproponent has accordingly chosen the ex-ante vintage option for fixing the OMand BM for the project activity. Accordingly, since the calculation of EFgrid,CM,yis based on calculation of OM and BM which are fixed for the project activity,the value of EFgrid,CM,y is therefore fixed for the entire crediting period.30“Study on Grid Connected Electricity Baselines in Malaysia, 2009; dated January 2011”
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board39B.6.3 Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions:B.6.3.1 Baseline emissionsAs per equations 2, 2a and 3 in section B.6.1, the baseline emissions of the project activity are calculated asfollows:For the ex-ante calculation of BECH4,SWDS,y the following parameters are used:Data Value Applied Justificationy 0.85 As per Methodological Tool, “Emissions from solid waste disposal sites”/Version 06.0.1fy 0 In Malaysia there is no legal obligation to capture and flare/use methane gasat solid waste disposal sites.GWPCH4 21t CO2e/t CH4 AMS III F/ Version 10OX 0.1 Default value as per Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid wastedisposal sites” /Version 06.0.1F 0.5 Default value as per Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid wastedisposal sites” /Version 06.0.1DOCf,y 0.5 Default value as per Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid wastedisposal sites” /Version 06.0.1MCFy 0.8 Default value as per Methodological Tool “Emissions from solid wastedisposal sites” /Version 06.0.1Wj,x (Qy) 66,000 tons/yearQuantity of EFB composted in the project activity. This is same as QyThe project activity is designed to cater 66,000 tons of EFB per annum.DOCj 0.20 The EFB is categorized as garden waste as per Methodological Tool“Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version 06.0.1. Hence,corresponding value for garden waste has been applied as per Table 4 of thetool.kj 0.17 The EFB is categorized as garden waste as per Methodological Tool“Emissions from solid waste disposal sites” /Version 06.0.1. Hence,corresponding value for garden waste has been applied as per Table 5 of thetool.Baseline emissions calculated as per above formula for the crediting period in the table 10.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board40Table 10 – Baseline emissions for the crediting periodB.6.3.2 Project activity emissionsB.6.3.2.1 Project emissions from increased transportationThe project emissions due to transportation are calculated as per equation (5) as follows:PEy,transp = (Qy/CTy) * DAFw * EFCO2,transport + (Qy,treatment/CTy,treatment) * DAFtreatment * EFCO2,transport31The estimated EFB treated per year, Qy has been estimated as 66,000 tons/ year. The EFB generated by themill will be transported via 5 ton trucks. These trucks shall be modified with higher holding cages andwould be able to transport load of 5 tons of EFB during each trips. The round trip between mill and theproject activity is approximately 1.3 km.Further, the estimated compost production, Qy,treatment has been estimated as 22,440 tons/ year. Theproduced and bagged compost is expected to be consumed in the nearby plantation and the distance oftransportation is expected to be within 60 km (120 km return trip). Therefore, a return trip of 120 km has31"Tool to calculate project or leakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion" has referred weighted averageCO2 emission factor of fuel (diesel) as EFCO2,i,y. However, there are 2 types of emission factor of diesel used in thecalculations. For clarity, weighted average CO2 emission factor due to onsite consumption has been referred asEFCO2,diesel. Whilst, weighted average CO2 emission factor for transportation of finished compost has been referredas EFCO2,transport.Avoided methaneYear2013Year2014Year2015Year2016Year2017Year2018Year2019Year2020Year2021Year2022Deposited year 18,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479 3,779 3,188 2,689 2,269 1,914Deposited year 28,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479 3,779 3,188 2,689 2,269Deposited year 38,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479 3,779 3,188 2,689Deposited year 48,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479 3,779 3,188Deposited year 58,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479 3,779Deposited year 68,841 7,458 6,292 5,309 4,479Deposited year 78,841 7,458 6,292 5,309Deposited year 88,841 7,458 6,292Deposited year 98,841 7,458Deposited year 108,841BE CH4,SWDS,y(tCO2e/year) 8,841 16,299 22,591 27,900 32,379 36,158 39,345 42,035 44,304 46,218
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board41been considered for ex- ante estimates. Actual distance of compost transportation will be monitored duringcrediting period and considered for calculating project emissions.The CO2 emission factor from diesel used for transportation purpose is calculated (please refer tab “PE” inthe attached spread sheet for detailed calculations) whereby 1 litre of diesel contributes to 2.7 kg CO2released to the atmosphere. It is estimated that a heavy duty truck can travel approximately 3km32using 1litre diesel.Thus EFCO2,transport : 2.7 kgCO2/l ÷ 3 km/l = 0.9 kgCO2/km.Therefore, PEy,transp =66,000 ton/ year * 1.3 km/trip * 0.9 kg CO2/ km + 22,440 ton/ year * 120 km/trip * 0.9 kg CO2/ km-------- ----- (ton/kg) -------- ----- (ton/kg)5(ton/ trip) 1000 20(ton/ trip) 1000= 136 ton CO2 eB.6.3.2.2 Project emissions from electricity and/or fossil fuel consumptionFCi,j,y for the project activity (plant machinery, wheel loader and mobile shredder) has been estimated as108,720 litres/year. Actual quantity of diesel consumed will be monitored during crediting period. Theestimated amount of diesel consumption has been calculated in the attached spreadsheet.The following assumptions have been considered for the calculation:a. Density of diesel33: 0.84kg/litreb. Net calorific value of diesel34: 43.3 TJ/Ggc. CO2 emission factor for diesel35: 74,800 kg/TJPEFC,j,y = 108,720 litres / year x 1/10003x 0.84kg/litre x 74,800 kg/TJ x 43.3 TJ/Gg = 296 t CO2 eHence, from equation (6) above we could derive that PEy,power = PEFC,j,y + PEEC,yPEy,power = 296 t CO2 e + 0 t CO2 e = 296 t CO2 e32University of Malaya (2005) “Energy Used in the Transportation Sector of Malaysia”, Page 230.33Average value - The Malaysian Diesel Standards34IPCC 2006 default value at the upper limit of the uncertainty at a confidence interval as per Table 1.2 of Chapter1 of Vol.2 (Energy)35IPCC 2006 default value at the upper limit of the uncertainty at a confidence interval as per Table 1.2 of Chapter1 of Vol.2 (Energy)
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board42Thus, the total project emissions can be calculated using the following formula:Total project emissions, PEy = PEy,transp + PEy,power= 136 t CO2 e + 296 t CO2 e= 431 t CO2 eB.6.3.3. Emissions reductionsThe emission reductions are given as follows:ERy = BEy –(PEy + LEy)Where:ERy Emission reduction in the year y (tCO2e)BEy Baseline emissions in the year y (tCO2e)PEy Project activity emissions in the year y (tCO2e)LEy Leakage emissions in the year y (tCO2e)The year wise emission reductions during the crediting period are calculated and presented in section B.6.4.Detailed calculations are given in the attached spread sheet Appendix 1 – CER calculation and financialprojection_Ketengah.B.6.4 Summary of the ex-ante estimation of emission reductions:YearEstimation ofbaseline emissions(tonnes of CO2e)Estimation ofproject activityemissions(tonnes of CO2e)Estimation ofleakage(tonnes of CO2e)Estimation ofoverall emissionreductions(tonnes of CO2e)Year 2013 8,841 431 0 8,409Year 2014 16,299 431 0 15,868Year 2015 22,591 431 0 22,160Year 2016 27,900 431 0 27,469Year 2017 32,379 431 0 31,948Year 2018 36,158 431 0 35,726Year 2019 39,345 431 0 38,914Year 2020 42,035 431 0 41,603Year 2021 44,304 431 0 43,873Year 2022 46,218 431 0 45,787Totaltonnes of CO2e316,071 4,315 0 311,756
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board43Please note there are minor differences in calculations due to rounding off of decimals. Please refer attached spread sheetfor detailed calculation.*Year 1 starts from the day of registration.B.7 Application of a monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan:B.7.1 Data and parameters monitored:ID no. 01Data / Parameter: QyUnit: tonnesDescription: Quantity of raw waste (EFB) treated in the year ySource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 66,000 tons/ yearBrief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Trucks carrying EFB to the project activity will be weighed in a weighing bridge.The data will be complied and recorded monthly.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The weighing bridge will be subject to periodic calibration as per supplier’srecommendations or at least once in 3 years. If the weighing bridge is faulty orsent for calibration, the average value of the parameter per day of the monitoringperiod shall be used for calculation. The data will be calculated ensuring a 90/10confidence level.Any comment: This value is same as Wj,x specified in the Methodological Tool “Emissions fromsolid waste disposal sites” /Version 06.0.1Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.If decanter residue or boiler ash or mesocarp fibre is added in the process, theirquantity shall be monitored separately. However, the emission reduction from thismaterial shall not be claimed as these are expected to be small.ID no. 02Data / Parameter: Qy, treatmentUnit: TonnesDescription: Quantity of compost produced in the year ySource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 22,440 tons / yearBrief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Weight of compost produced will be weighed in weighing bridge. The data will becompiled and recorded monthly.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The quantity will be cross checked with compost sales. The weighing machinewill be subject to periodic calibration as per supplier’s recommendations or atleast once in 3 years. If the weighing bridge is faulty or sent for calibration, theaverage value of the parameter per day of the monitoring period shall be used for
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board44calculation. The data will be calculated ensuring a 90/10 confidence level.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 03Data / Parameter: DAFtreatmentUnit: km/truckDescription: Average incremental distance for compost transportationSource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 120Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:On-site measurement.Distance travelled by each truck transporting compost will be monitored andrecorded in a logbook on monthly basis.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Distance will be cross checked with fuel consumption.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 04Data / Parameter: FCi,j,yUnit: Litres/yrDescription: Quantity of fuel type i (diesel) combusted in process j during the year ySource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 108,720 litres/yearBrief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Fuel purchase bills/invoices from fuel suppliers will be monitored and recordedcontinuously with monthly aggregation.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Quantity will be cross checked with log book records of actual fuel consumptionon site.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 05Data / Parameter: O2Unit: %Description: Aerobic conditions of the composting process - percentage of dissolved oxygenSource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: More than 8%Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:To check the aerobic conditions of the composting process, the percentage ofdissolved oxygen will be recorded 3 times a week using the oxygen meter withlancets of at least 1 m length to measure oxygen in respective points at every 5meters within the windrow. Sampling shall be done via multiple sample
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board45measurements through different stages of the composting process with maximummargin of error of 10% at a 90% confidence level.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Oxygen meter will be maintained and calibrated as per supplier’srecommendation or at least once in 3 years. If the oxygen meter is faulty or sentfor calibration, the average value of last two months shall be used for calculation.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 06Data / Parameter: Qy,ww, runoffUnit: m3Description: Volume of runoff water in the year ySource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 0It is expected that all runoff water will be recycled back to the compost pile.Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:The runoff water disposed outside the project boundary or to the algae treatmentplant will be monitored and measurements will ensure a 90/10confidence/precision level. Data will be aggregated on monthly basis.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The flow measuring equipment will be calibrated at least once in 3 years andmaintained as per supplier’s recommendation.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 07Data / Parameter: COD y, ww, runoffUnit: tCOD/m3Description: Chemical oxygen demand of the runoff water leaving the composting yard in theyear y (tonnes/m3)Source of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: Not applicable as run off water has been considered nil for ex-ante estimates.Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:COD will be analysed as per acceptable national/international standards.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):In case runoff water is transported outside the composting yard, then samples willbe representatively taken from unfiltered wastewater Measurements will ensure a90/10 confidence/precision level. Data will be aggregated on a monthly basis.Any comment: No wastewater is expected to leave the composting yard as all the wastewatergenerated will be recycled back to the windrows.Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board46ID no. 08Data / Parameter: CTyUnit: Tons/truckDescription: Average truck capacity for waste transportationSource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 5Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Each truck transporting waste will be weighed on the weighing bridge and theaverage truck capacity will be calculated accordingly. Data will be aggregated atleast monthly.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The weighing bridge will be subject to periodic calibration as per supplier’srecommendations or at least once in 3 years. If the weighing bridge is faulty orsent for calibration, the average value of the parameter per day of the monitoringperiod shall be used for calculation. The data will be calculated ensuring a 90/10confidence level.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 09Data / Parameter: CTy, treatmentUnit: Tons/truckDescription: Average truck capacity for compost transportationSource of data: As indicated in Annex 4Value of data: 20Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Each truck transporting compost will be weighed on the weighing bridge and theaverage truck capacity will be calculated accordingly. Data will be aggregated atleast monthly.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The weighing machine will be subject to periodic calibration as per supplier’srecommendations or at least once in 3 years. If the weighing bridge is faulty orsent for calibration, the average value of the parameter per day of the monitoringperiod shall be used for calculation. The data will be calculated ensuring a 90/10confidence level.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 10Data / Parameter: Soil application of the compostUnit:Description: Soil application of the compostSource of data: As indicated in Annex 4
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board47Value of data: -Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:As palm oil plantations will be the main buyer of compost, an annual siteverification of one user site shall be done on a sampling basis to ensure that thecompost is applied as per the Standard Operating Procedures. StandardOperating Procedures will ensure in situ verification of the proper soilapplication of the compost to ensure aerobic conditions for further decay.Monitoring procedures will also include documenting the sales or delivery of thefinal product (compost). Sales receipt of compost will be kept in records inseriatim.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Verification shall be conducted by qualified employees of the project proponenthaving qualification and working experience in palm oil industry, wastemanagement and/or environmental field.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 11Parameter: fyUnit: -Description: Fraction of methane captured at the SWDS and flared, combusted or used inanother manner that prevents the emissions of methane to the atmosphere in yearySource of data: Maximum value from the following will be considered: (a) Contract or regulationrequirements specifying the amount of methane that must be destroyed/used (ifavailable) and (b) historic data on the amount captured.Value of data: 0Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:Maximum value from the following will be considered: (a) Contract or regulationrequirements specifying the amount of methane that must be destroyed/used (ifavailable) and (b) historic data on the amount captured.Data will be monitored as per Application B; annuallyQA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):-Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 12Parameter: NCVi,yUnit: GJ/tonDescription: Weighted average net calorific value of fuel type i(diesel) in year ySource of data: Table 1.2 of Chapter 1 of Vol. 2 (Energy), IPCC 2006 Guidelines on NationalGHG InventoriesValue of data: 43.3
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board48Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:IPCC default value at the upper limit of the uncertainty at a 95% confidenceinterval as provided in Table 1.2 of Chapter 1 of Vol. 2 (Energy) of the 2006IPCC Guidelines on National GHG InventoriesQA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Data will be monitored as per option (d) – of the “Tool to calculate project orleakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion” version 2.Any revision in the IPCC Guidelines will be taken into accountAny comment: Since IPCC default value is adopted, weighted average CO2 emission factor neednot be calculated.Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 13Parameter: ρi,yUnit: kg/litreDescription: Weighted average density of fuel type i (diesel) in year ySource of data: Environmental Quality (Control of Petrol and Diesel Properties) Regulations2007, Ministry of Environment, Government of MalaysiaValue of data: 0.84Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:As per data published by a government agency of Malaysia and can beconsidered equivalent to ‘Regional or national default value’ which is option (c)of the data source for the parameter.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Data will be monitored as per option (c) – of the “Tool to calculate project orleakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion” version 2.Any change in the ‘regional or national value’ will be duly adopted.Any comment: Since publicly available (national value) data is adopted, weighted averagedensity need not be calculated.Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 14Parameter: EFCO2,transportUnit: kgCO2/kmDescription: CO2 emission factor of fuel used for transportationSource of data: CalculatedValue of data: 0.9Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beAs per University of Malaya (2005) “Energy Used in the Transportation Sectorof Malaysia”, Page 230, a heavy duty truck can travel 100 km in 32.85 litresdiesel, i.e. 0.3285 litre /km (which is equal to 3km/litre).
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board49applied:Density of diesel = 0.84 kg/litreAs per IPCC, Net calorific value of diesel = 43.3 TJ/GgCO2 emission factor for diesel = 74.8 tCO2/GJTherefore, CO2 emissions from 1 litre diesel shall be= {(0.84*43.3*74.8)/(1000)} kgCO2/litre= 2.7 kgCO2/litreThus CO2 emission factor of fuel used for transportation: 2.7 kgCO2/litre ÷ 3km/litre = 0.9 kgCO2/kmQA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):If there is any publicly available change in the data, same will be taken intoaccount.Any comment: Used to calculate emissions from incremental transportation due to composttransportation.Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 15Parameter: EFCO2,dieselUnit: tCO2/GJDescription: Weighted average CO2 emission factor of fuel type i (diesel) in year ySource of data: Table 1.4 of Chapter 1 of Vol. 2 (Energy), IPCC 2006 Guidelines on NationalGHG InventoriesValue of data: 74.8Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:IPCC default value at the upper limit of the uncertainty at a 95% confidenceinterval as provided in Table 1.4 of Chapter 1 of Vol. 2 (Energy) of the 2006IPCC Guidelines on National GHG InventoriesQA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):Data will be monitored as per option (d) – of the “Tool to calculate project orleakage CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion” version 2.Any revision in the IPCC Guidelines will be taken into accountAny comment: Since IPCC default value is adopted, weighted average CO2 emission factor neednot be calculated.Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.ID no. 16Parameter: EC PJ,j,yUnit: MWh/year
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board50Description: Quantity of electricity consumed by the project electricity consumption source jin year ySource of data: On-site measurementValue of data: 0Brief description ofmeasurement methodsand procedures to beapplied:For ex-ante calculations, EC PJ,j,y have been considered as zero as it is assumedthat the electricity will be taken from the mill which generates electricity fromrenewable biomass. However, during ex-post, if no or in-sufficient electricity isavailable from the mill, electricity for the project activity will be sourced fromthe grid. In such cases, all electricity imported from the grid for electricity usewill be monitored and accounted for calculating the project emissions.Electricity consumption from the grid will be monitored as per Tenaga NasionalBerhad (TNB) bills. Data will be maintained on a monthly basis with annualaggregation. All bills will be kept in records in seriatim.QA/QC procedures tobe applied (if any):The electricity meter is property of TNB. It shall be maintained and calibrated asper TNB’s standards.Any comment: Data will be stored for 2 years from the end of crediting period or the lastissuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.B.7.2 Description of the monitoring plan:The project participants will develop a monitoring plan containing monitoring methodology includingmethods, indicators and frequencies to meet the requirement laid down in AMS. IIIF /Version 10.Figure 7: Organization of monitoring management teamMonitoring ManagementHead Office of Myagri Nutribio Sdn. Bhd. will be overall responsible for implementation of the monitoringplan including quality management of the monitoring. The supervisor at the project activity shall regularlyHead office of Myagri Nutribio Sdn. Bhd.Overall responsibleSite Supervisor (Responsible for monitoring workand accuracy)Operators (daily operation including sampling, recordings of reading and filing of records)
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board51report to the head office regarding the performance of project activity. The management shall provideguidance and instruction regarding improvement of performance of the project activity and develop themonitoring reports for the emission reductions for the project activity for the purpose of verification andcertification of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs). Myagri Nutribio Sdn. Bhd. is planning to obtainEco Certification for the composting plant.Plant in charge / Site Supervisor / Site In chargeThe Site supervisor of the project activity will be directly responsible for monitoring the data of the projectactivity. He shall regularly inspect the performance of the project, including the transport of EFB,processing of compost, operation of turner, condition of composting and disbursement of compost. He shallrecord all non-performance and rectify the fault soonest. All non-performance shall be recorded in writingand reported to the management for further guidance, if necessary. He is responsible for the safe-keepingand storage of all monitoring data. He shall also supervise the technicians regarding the daily operation,inspection and maintenance as well as the collection and storage of data from the project activity. He shallalso summarize the data and submit to the management periodically.Operators / techniciansThe operators will be responsible for daily operation and maintenance of the project activity. They shallreport to the Site supervisor.TrainingTraining forms an integral part of the monitoring plan. Training will be conducted to all employeesinvolved in the CDM project. A Training Plan will be developed with the view of enabling each employeeto have sufficient skills in the monitoring, storage and evaluation of the performance of the project activity.The training shall be so that each employee will acquire sufficient technical knowledge in carrying out hisduties and responsibilities. The training will include lectures and on-the-job training.Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)A set of SOP will be developed for the monitoring of the CDM project activity. It shall contain proceduresfor each task in the monitoring of emission reduction as well as data quality control procedures.The SOP will also include procedures for emergency and unintended leakage. The technicians at site willbe trained to cope with emergency situation so that corrective actions could be taken immediately to preventany unintended event.Site auditsMyagri Nutribio Management or its appointed representative shall make periodic site audits to ensure thatmonitoring and operational procedures are being observed in accordance with the Monitoring Plan. Allfindings will be documented.Data StorageAll data are to be stored in electronic form. The database shall be periodically updated and stored in CDsas a back up. These CDs shall be checked annually and any defective one shall be replaced by duplicatecopy from other site.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board52All monitoring records shall be kept for verification up to at least two years after the end of the projectactivity or the last issuance of CERs for this project activity, whichever occurs later.B.8 Date of completion of the application of the baseline and monitoring methodology and thename of the responsible person(s)/entity(ies)The baseline study and the monitoring methodology were completed on 24thAugust 2011.Name of person(s)/entity(ies) determining the baseline:Ethaya Rajan MokanatasEmail: rajan@ytl.com.myYTL-SV Carbon Sdn BhdLevel 4 Annexe BlockLot 10 Shopping Centre,50250, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaPhone: + 60 3 2144 7200Fax: + 60 3 2144 7573The entity determining the baseline is not a project participant.SECTION C. Duration of the project activity / crediting periodC.1 Duration of the project activity:C.1.1. Starting date of the project activity:14/03/2011The start date of project activity is the date of the contract awarded to the contractor; Kemuncak PesakaSdn. Bhd.C.1.2. Expected operational lifetime of the project activity:15years 0 monthsC.2 Choice of the crediting period and related information:The project will apply fixed crediting periodC.2.1. Renewable crediting periodNot applicableC.2.1.1 Starting date of the first crediting period:Not applicableC.2.1.2.Length of the first crediting period:Not applicable
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board53C.2.2. Fixed crediting period:Applicable for the project activityC.2.2.1.Starting date:01/01/2013.The starting date of crediting period will be the date of registration of the project activity as a CDM projectactivity. The crediting period will not start before the date of registration.C.2.2.2. Length:10 years 0 monthsSECTION D. Environmental impactsD.1. If required by the host Party, documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts ofthe project activity:Under Malaysian Environmental Quality (Environmental Impact Assessment)(Prescribed Activities) Order1987, a detailed Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study is not required to be conducted for theproject activity.An application with all necessary details has to be submitted to the Department of Environment andapproval has to be obtained for operating the project facility. Application has already been submitted andenvironmental approval has been obtained. Same would be available for inspection during validation.However a brief analysis due to the project is done in this section.Impact on AirThere are no emissions to the atmosphere from the project activity. Small quantities of compost may floataround during turning sieving process or sieving process. This is a very small quantity which wouldeventually settle in the compost yard itself. Hence, there would be no significant impact on air due toproject activity.Impact on waterThe wastewater produced from the project activity is the runoff water and this quantity is expected to besmall. However all the runoff water will be collected in a collection tank and recycled back to the windrowpiles. However, during rainy seasons, there may be some excess runoff. This excess runoff will be pumpedto the algae treatment plant where the runoff water will be treated. Hence, there would be no significantimpact on water courses due to project activity.Impact on landThe composting process will happen at concrete flooring and there would be no solid wastes disposed fromthe project activity on any land. Hence, there would be no significant impact on land because of the projectactivity.Impact due to odourAs the project activity involves organic decomposing, there could be slight undesirable odour in the projectarea. But however due to maintenance of good aerobic conditions in the compost piles, undesirable odour
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board54will be very limited, and its effect will not be felt outside the project area. Also, odour due to aerobiccomposting process would be much lesser than anaerobic decomposition that would have happened in theabsence of the project activity. Therefore, project activity would actually reduce odour nuisance in theabsence of the project activity. Hence, project activity has positive impact on the environment as far asodour is considered.Therefore, the impacts due to the project are very negligible.D.2. If environmental impacts are considered significant by the project participants or the hostParty, please provide conclusions and all references to support documentation of an environmentalimpact assessment undertaken in accordance with the procedures as required by the host Party:The impacts due to the project activity are negligible.SECTION E. Stakeholders’ commentsE.1. Brief description how comments by local stakeholders have been invited and compiled:A stakeholders meeting was held at the premise of Dewan Orang Ramai Bandar Cheneh Baru at 9.30 amon 28/07/2011. An advertisement was published in a newspaper on 14/07/2011 inviting interestedstakeholders to attend the consultation process. Letters of invitation were also sent to relevant governmentagencies and other local stakeholders. The residents of local communities were personally invited.At the stakeholders meeting, a description of current situation was first presented. This was followed by thedetailed explanation of new facilities to be installed under the project activity. The benefits of the projectsuch as odour reduction, improvement of environmental quality were explained. The implementation planof the project was further explained to the participants. After the briefing, a question and answer sessionwas held to clarify any question raised by stakeholders regarding the implementation of the project.Table 11: Details of participants of the meetingsInvited Stakeholders RepresentativesLocal residents 6Mill staff 28Consultants 1Government agencies 29Total 64Detailed list of participants would be available for inspection during validation.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board55Photo 1: Public announcement of local Photo 2: Presentation by the project participantstakeholders meetingPhoto 4: Some of the stakeholdersPhoto 3: Question and answer sessionTable 12 - Summary of the comments received:Stakeholder Question/CommentsRomzi bin Sulaiman How is your leachate treatment done? Will there be leachate contamination inany adjacent water bodies?Mazlan bin Salleh Are the microbes used in the organic fertilizer harmful towards humans?
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board56Noriani Ismail What is the mechanism used to control the smell of decomposing organicmatter?E.2. Summary of the comments received:Comments /Questions Response by the project activityLeachate treatment There will be a leachate collection system (leachate pond) in place. Theleachate is recycled into the composting heaps and is not released, withouttreatment, into water bodies. If there is an overflow due to rain, a pumpwill deliver the excess liquid to the algae treatment system.Microbes The microbes are non-pathogenic towards humans as they are specificallyfor plant and soil use. We have done toxicity tests with SIRIM andindependent labs to confirm this.Smell/Odour As with any decomposing matter, there will be some odour produced. Mostof the time the odour is due to production of methane gas from anaerobicdecomposition. However, the odour will be controlled and reduced throughaerobic processing and also the use of aerobic composting bacteria.Aerobic process means the use of oxygen injection into the heaps to avoidproduction of methane and hydrogen sulphide gases (which leads to thepungent rotten egg smell).E.3. Report on how due account was taken of any comments received:No major comment was received from the stakeholders. The project proponent managed to answer all thequeries raised during the Stakeholders’ meeting.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board57Annex 1CONTACT INFORMATION ON PARTICIPANTS IN THE PROJECT ACTIVITY1. Contact information of Project Participant of Host PartyOrganization: Myagri Nutribio Sdn. Bhd.Street/P.O.Box: No 29, Jalan Impian Putra 1/4, Taman Impian PutraBuilding: -City: Bandar Seri PutraState/Region: SelangorPostfix/ZIP: 43600Country: MalaysiaTelephone: +60389273809FAX: +60389255013E-Mail: info@myagrigroup.comURL: www.myagrigroup.comRepresented by:Title: Managing DirectorSalutation: MsLast Name: Md TaibMiddle Name: -First Name: NorhayatiDepartment:Mobile: +60162235118Direct FAX: -Direct tel: -Personal E-Mail: info@myagrigroup.com2. Contact information of Project Participant of Annex I PartyOrganization: Gazprom Marketing & Trading LimitedStreet/P.O.Box: 20 Triton StreetBuilding: -City: LondonState/Region: LondonPostfix/ZIP: NW1 3BFCountry: United KingdomTelephone: +44 (0) 207 756 0052FAX: +44 (0) 207 756 9740
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board58E-Mail: Global_Carbon@gazprom-mt.comURL: www.gazprom-mt.comRepresented by: Ignacio GistauTitle: Director of Global Clean EnergySalutation: Mr.Last Name: GistauMiddle Name:First Name: IgnacioDepartment: Global Clean EnergyMobile: n/aDirect FAX: +44 (0) 207 756 9740Direct tel: +44 (0) 207 756 0052Personal E-Mail: Global_Carbon@gazprom-mt.com
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board59Annex 2INFORMATION REGARDING PUBLIC FUNDINGThere is no public funding provided by any Annex I Party for the project activity.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board60ANNEX 3BASELINE INFORMATIONEFB produced (wet basis) 66,000 tons/yearAll the baseline calculations are presented in section B.6.3.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board61Annex 4MONITORING INFORMATIONIDNoParameter Symbol Unit RecordingFrequencyDataMeasured(M)/Calculated(C)/Sampling(S)Method Person InchargeVerifier1 Quantity ofraw waste(EFB) treatedin the year yQy tonnes Monthly M Weighingbridge recordsWeighing bridgeclerkPlantsupervisor2 Quantity ofcompostproduced inthe year yQy,treatment tonnes Monthly M Weighingbridge recordsWeighing bridgeclerkPlantsupervisor3 Averageincrementaldistance forcomposttransportationDAFtreatment km Monthly C On-sitemeasurement.Log book fortransportingcompost andvia deliveryorders issued toclientsWeighing bridgeclerkPlantsupervisor4 Quantity offuel type i(diesel)combusted inFCi,j,y Litres/yr Continuouslywith monthlyaggregationM Invoices Plant operator Plantsupervisor
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board62process jduring the yeary5 Aerobicconditions ofcompostingprocess -percentage ofdissolvedoxygenO2 % 3 times aweekM Oxygen meter Plant operator Plantsupervisor6 Volume ofrunoff36waterin the year yQy,ww,runoff m3 Monthly M Flow meter Plant operator Plantsupervisor7 Chemicaloxygendemand of therunoff waterleaving thecompostingyard in theyear yCOD y, ww,runofftCOD/ m3Monthly – onsiteM Monthlysampling andanalysis at theplant laboratoryPlant operator Plantsupervisor8 Average truckcapacity forwastetransportationCTy tons/truck Monthly M Weighingbridge recordsWeighing bridgeclerkPlantsupervisor9 Average truckcapacity forcompostCTy,treatment tons/truck Monthly M WeighingbridgerecordsWeighing bridgeclerkPlantsupervisor10 Soilapplication ofSoilapplication- Annually S Sampling,survey andQualifiedtechnicalHead ofResearch &36Volume of runoff water is the runoff water leaving the composting yard
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board63the compost of thecompostverification atsite.Documentingthe sales ordelivery of thecompost.employees Development11 Fraction ofmethanecaptured at theSWDS andflared,combusted orused in anothermanner thatprevents theemissions ofmethane to theatmosphere inyear yfy - Annually M Follow thelatest regulationrequirement.Historical plantdataPlant operator Plantsupervisor12 Weightedaverage netcalorific valueof fossil fueltype i (diesel)in year yNCVi,y GJ/ton Annually - Any revisionsin the IPCCGuidelines willbe taken intoaccountPlant supervisor Head ofResearch &Development13 Weightedaveragedensity of fueltype i (diesel)in the year yρi,y kg/litre Annually - Any revisionsin the regionalor nationalvalue will betaken intoaccountPlant supervisor Head ofResearch &Development
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board6414 CO2 emissionfactor of fuelused fortransportationEFCO2,transport kgCO2/km Annually C Any revisionsin the regionalor nationalvalue will betaken intoaccountPlant supervisor Head ofResearch &Development15 Weightedaverage CO2emission factorof fuel type i(diesel) in theyear yEFCO2,diesel tCO2/GJ Annually - Any revisionsin the IPCCGuidelines willbe taken intoaccountPlant supervisor Head ofResearch &Development16 Quantity ofelectricityconsumed bythe projectelectricityconsumptionsource j inyear yEC PJ,j,y MWh/year Continuouslywith monthlyaggregationM As per TNB’smonthlyelectricity bills.Plant supervisor Head ofResearch &Development
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board65MONITORING INFORMATION CONTINUEDWINDROW MATURATIONCOMPOSTING WINDROWSIEVING PROCESSBIO-ORGANIC COMPOSTCURING/DRYINGPACKINGSampling compost for QC Process- nutrient analysis & C:N ratioID: 01 (Qy)Raw Material (EFB)Pile into Composting WindrowMonitoring :- Moisture Content (M)- Temperature (T)ID: 05 (O2)ID: 06 (Qy,ww, runoff)ID: 07(CODy, ww, runoff)ID: 02(Qy,treatment)Weighing BridgeFlowMeterCODSamplingevery 3months(send toexternallab)Log book fortransportingcompost(Truck)-Moisture meter probe-Temperature meterprobeOxygenmeterprobe-Dieselconsumption-Logbook-ReceiptSampling compost for QCProcess- nutrient analysis- C:N ratioSend to Bio-nutrientsLaboratorySend to Bio-nutrientsLaboratoryID: 08 (CTy)WeighingbridgeWeighing bridgeID: 09 (CTy,treatment)ID: 10(soilapplicationof thecompost)ID: 03(DAFtreatment)Delivery orderID: 11 (fy)Windrow turning processSprinkle with harvested rain waterMonitoring anyrevision inRegional valuesID: 13 (ρi,y)ID: 14 (EFCO2,transport)Monitoring anyrevision in IPCCID: 12 (NCVi,y)ID: 15 (EFCO2,diesel)ID: 04 (FCi,j,y)Weighing Bridge Weighing BridgeID: 16 (EC PJ,j,y )Reject from sieving is recycledback to composting windrowsOther organic palm oil millwaste such as decanter residueand ash (subject to availability)Runoff waterrecycled
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board66Annex 5BASELINE GRID EMISSION FACTOR INFORMATIONThe baseline of Peninsular Malaysia was depicted in a publically available publication by GreenTechMalaysia: Study on Grid Connected Electricity Baselines in Malaysia Year 2009, published in January201137. GreenTech Malaysia is also the CDM Energy Secretariat of Malaysia.The electricity baseline is based on the data available in 2009 for the electricity sector. The data obtainedhas been verified and confirmed by the main data providers which included Tenaga Nasional Berhad(TNB), from CDM Baselines Colloquium which was held on 22 October 2010.Table 13: Grid Emission Factor based on GreenTech Malaysia study, 2009Grid System Operating Margin(kgCO2/MWh)Build Margin(kgCO2/MWh)Combined Margin(kgCO2/MWh)Peninsular Malaysia Grid 0.618 0.748 0.683However, since the grid emission factor study was calculated based on “Methodological tool to calculatethe emission factor for an electrical system” Version 2 according to EB 50, the study was reanalyzed usingthe “Tool to calculate emission factor for an electricity system” / version 2.2.1 according to EB 63. Thesource data used shall be based on the Study on Grid Connected Electricity Baselines in Malaysia Year2009.The calculation consisted of six steps, presented below.Step 1: Identify the relevant electricity systems.The scope of this calculation includes the Peninsular Malaysia electricity grid system only. The systems ofSarawak and Sabah in East Malaysia are excluded.Step 2: Choose whether to include off-grid power plants in the project electricity system (optional)The calculation only included grid connected power plants in the project electricity system. Thus, Option 1in the Tool was considered for this calculation.Step 3: Select a method to determine the operating margin (OM)The Simple OM is used because there is less than 50% of low-cost/must-run resource in the grid generationin average of the 5 most recent years. The applying ex-ante option: the emission factor is determined onceat the validation stage shall be applied. The summary of the last 5 years is shown in the Table 14 below.37http://cdm.greentechmalaysia.my/up_dir/CDM%20Electricity%20Baseline%202009.pdf
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board67Table 14: Calculation of 5 year average of Low-cost/must run resources generation 38Item Units 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009Generationfrom fossilfuel sources *GWh82,605 85,421 89,241 90,215 92,244Generationfrom Low-cost/must-runresources *GWh 4,188 5,529 5,888 6,839 5,021Total gridgeneration #GWh 86,793 90,950 95,129 97,054 97,265% of low-cost/must-runresources intotal gridgeneration #% 4.8 6.1 6.2 7.0 5.2Average Must-run Generation/Total Generation between 2005 and 2009:= (4.8 + 6.1 + 6.2 + 7.0 + 5.2)/5 = 5.9%Thus, the 5 year average of ‘Low-cost/must run resources’ generation is 5.9% which is less than 50%Step 4: Calculate the operating margin emission factor according to the selected methodThe Simple OM factor is calculated as the generation-weighted emissions per electricity unit all generatingunits serving the system, excluding low-operating and must-run power plants / units. As per the tool, thevintage data option has been selected is the ex-ante approach, where 3 years average of Operating Margin(OM) is calculated. It may be calculated using the following options:Option A: Based on the net electricity generation and a CO2 emission factor of each power unit orOption B: Based on the total net electricity generation of all power plants serving the system and the fueltypes and total consumption of the project electricity system.Option A has been opted for this calculation. Under this option, the simple OM emission factor iscalculated based on the net electricity generation a CO2 emission factor of each power unit and an emissionfactor for each power unit, as follows:(1-Tool)Where:38Source for item *: Grid Emission Factor based on GreenTech Malaysia study, 2009. Item # has been calculatedbased on the information provided in item 1 and 2.
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board68EFgrid,OMsimple,y = Simple operating margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh)EGm,y = Net quantity of electricity generated and delivered to the grid by powerunit m in year y (MWh)EFEL,m,y = CO2 emission factor of power unit m in year y (tCO2/MWh)m = All power units serving the grid in year y except low-cost/must-runpower unitsy = The relevant year as per the data vintage chosen in Step 3Simple OM three-year average emission factor has been tabulated in Table 15 below:Table 15: Simple Operating Margin for Peninsular Malaysia for 2009Year Generation(GWh)CO2 Emission(tonnes)Baselines(t CO2 /MWh)2007 89,241 53,938,845 0.6042008 90,215 56,322,476 0.6242009 92,244 57,772,606 0.626Combined Margin for 3 years 0.618Source: Study on Grid Connected Electricity Baselines in Malaysia (2009) by GreenTech MalaysiaFollowing the equation and table above, EFgrid, OM,y = 0.618 tCO2e/MWhStep 5: Calculate the built margin (BM) emission factorAs per the tool, ex-ante option (option 1), requiring built margin to be calculated and fixed for a particularcrediting period has been adopted. As per the tool, build margin emission factor is calculated ex-ante basedon the most recent information available on units already built for sample group m at the time of CDM-PDD submission to the DOE for validation.According to the tool, the sample group of power units m used to calculate the build margin should bedetermined as per the following procedure, consistent with the data vintage selected above:a. Identify the set of five power units, excluding power units registered as CDM project activities,that started to supply electricity to the grid most recently (SET 5-units) and determine their annualelectricity generation (AEGSET-5-units, in MWh);b. Determine the annual electricity generation of the project electricity system, excluding power unitsregistered as CDM project activities (AEGtotal, in MWh). Identify the set of power units, excludingpower units registered as CDM project activities, that started to supply electricity to the grid mostrecently and that comprise 20% of AEGtotal (if 20% falls on part of the generation of a unit, thegeneration of that unit is fully included in the calculation) (SET≥20%) and determine their annualelectricity generation (AEGSET-≥20%, in MWh);c. From SET5-units and SET≥20% select the set of power units that comprises the larger annualelectricity generation (SETsample);Identify the date when the power units in SETsample started to supply electricity to the grid. If noneof the power units in SETsample started to supply electricity to the grid more than 10 years ago, then
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board69use SETsample to calculate the build margin. In this case, ignore steps (d), (e) and (f) mentionedunder step 5 of the tool.The build margin (BM) factor can be calculated using the following formula:(2-Tool)Where:EFgrid,BM,y = Build margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh)EGm,y = Net quantity of electricity generated and delivered to the grid by powerunit m in year y (MWh)EFEL,m,y = CO2 emission factor of power unit m in year y (tCO2/MWh)m = Powe units included in the build marginy = Most recent historical year for which power generation data is availableSuitability to Step 5 of Tool to calculate emission factor for an electricity system Version 02.2.1forcalculation of built margin (BM) for the project: The power plants listed in Table 16 below are 5 most recently grid connected power plants (SET 5-units) in Peninsular Malaysia. Further, these power plants have not been registered as CDM projectactivities. As per Table 16 below, AEGSET5-units = 43,767,630MWh The power plants listed are the most recently grid connected and comprises more than 20% of thetotal annual electricity generation.AEGtotal =97,265,000 MWh (Refer Table 12 above for total power generation in year 2009)AEG SET≥20% = 43,767,630MWh. Hence, AEG SET≥20%/ AEGtotal=45%, which is more than 20%. For the project activity, SET5-units= SET≥20%. Therefore SETsample= SET5-units= SET≥20%. All thepower units in SETsample (as given in Table 14 below) started to supply electricity to the grid lessthan 10 years ago. Accordingly, as described under the step 5© of the tool, SETsample (i.e. Table16) has been used for the calculation of built margin.Table 16: Build Operating Margin for Peninsular Malaysia for 2009Name of PowerPlants/Fuel TypesYear ofOperationCapacity(MW)Total Generation(MWh)CO2 Emission(t CO2)Jimah Power Station 2009 1,400 4,546,980 4,083,158Tanjung Bin PowerStation/Coal2006/2007 2,100 11,527,650 10,654,644Tuanku Jaafar PowerStation/Gas &Distillate2005 1,423 9,960,120 4,012,542
  • PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT FORM (CDM-SSC-PDD) - Version 03CDM – Executive Board70Janamanjung PowerStation/Coal2003 2,100 12,499,000 11,911,203Panglima PowerStation/Gas &Distillate2003 720 5,233,880 2,083,950Total 43,767,630 32,745,497Source: Study on Grid Connected Electricity Baselines in Malaysia (2009) by GreenTech MalaysiaThe Build Margin for Peninsular Malaysia in 2009 is calculated as follows CO2 emission divided by thetotal generation i.e.32,745,497 tonnes CO243,767,630 MWhOr 0.748 tonnes of CO2/MWhHence, the calculated build margin for Peninsular Malaysia in 2009 is 0.748 tonnes of CO2/MWhStep 6: Calculate the combined margin (CM) emission factorFinally the combined margin emission factor is calculated as the following equation:EFgrid,CM,y = EFgrid,OM,y × WOM + EFgrid,BM,y × WBM (3-Tool)Where:EFgrid,BM,y = Build margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh)EFgrid,OM,y = Operating margin CO2 emission factor in year y (tCO2/MWh)WOM = Weighted of operating margin emissions factor (%)WBM = Weighted of build margin emissions factor (%)Using default values set in the applied tool; WOM = WBM = 50%Thus, EFgrid,CM,y = (50% ×0.618) + (50% × 0.748)= 0.683 tonnes of CO2/MWhThus, 0.683 tonnes of CO2/MWh shall be applied as EFgrid,CM,y or EFEL,j,y which refers to the sameparameter. This parameter has been used in the spreadsheet and the calculation of grid emission factor forPeninsular Malaysia. Thus, this parameter has been used interchangeably in this document.Further, as per the “Tool to calculate the emission factor for an electricity system” Version 2.2.1, the OMand BM can be fixed once for each crediting period (ex ante) option. Similarly, this option has been optedby the project proponent for this project. Hence, 0.683 tonnes of CO2/MWh shall be used for the entire 10years in the crediting period.