Nafac2001 ethanz

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  • 1. The Arab Spring and The Power of Attentionor, How Not to Miss the Next RevolutionNaval Academy Foreign Affairs Conference 2011April 12, 2011Ethan Zuckerman (@ethanz)
  • 2. Roadmap:- Understanding the “Arab Spring” through the lens of media- Why it’s hard to understand the rest of the world- How we might rewire a more globally aware media- What you can do individually to experience a wider world
  • 3. Clay Shirky Malcolm Gladwell Marc Lynch Internet enables group Offline activism leverages Internet matters more formation, empowers strong ties, online for long-term changeactivists as never before activism, weak ties than short-term
  • 4. photo by Reutersannotated by BBC
  • 5. interactive timelineby The Guardian
  • 6. full video not included for space constraints -please view at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0i9acHS_zQ
  • 7. Tunisian protesters with a Mohamed Bouazizi banner (AFP)
  • 8. Yasmine Ryan 1/26/2011
  • 9. cc photo by ya/sin
  • 10. Should I protest?- How likely, and how severe, are negative consequences? Will I get arrested? Will my family? Will I get shot? - Will anyone join with me in the protest? And am I safer if they do, or if they don’t? - How likely is my protest to have an impact? Is there any hope for real change?
  • 11. cc photo by Panoramas
  • 12. Implications of the broadcast mirror for Tunisia: - How likely, and how severe, are negative consequences? If the world is watching, I can be shot, but I won’t disappear - Will anyone join with me in the protest? Thousands have already, and more will - How likely is my protest to have an impact?This scale of protest is unprecedented - there’s already change
  • 13. “Thank you, Facebook, Al Jazeera” - Tahrir Square, (Mona Sosh)
  • 14. photo by Nevine Zaki
  • 15. YouTube video posted by ibnomar2005Libya: media blackout = weak signal
  • 16. Youtube Video, posted by AfricaWeWishGabon: low attention = weak amplification Bahrain - is the amplifier working?
  • 17. Dictator’s dilemma:If I allow protests to take place, the people might topple me. If I crush them, the people will hate me even more.
  • 18. Dictator’s dilemma:If I allow protests to take place, the people might topple me. If I crush them, the people will hate me even more. Digital dilemma: If I don’t block Facebook, the people might topple me. If I block it, the people will hate me even more.
  • 19. John Gilmore “The net interprets censorshipas damage and routes around it.” December 1993
  • 20. Open Net Initiative, 2010 Political filtering
  • 21. Clay Shirky Malcolm Gladwell Marc Lynch Internet enables group Offline activism leverages Internet matters more formation, empowers strong ties, online for long-term changeactivists as never before activism, weak ties than short-term
  • 22. Visualization of US news attention Slate.com, April 2010color represents audience ideology non-US sites highlighted in yellow
  • 23. curation search social
  • 24. homophily photo by Cobalt123
  • 25. how to not miss the next revolution (in three difficult steps)
  • 26. translate bridge curate
  • 27. yeeyan.org
  • 28. Abramovich? Hello! Listen, do you have a rynda on your yacht? See, the thing is... you have to return it.image from ellustrator.livejournal.com
  • 29. Vadim Isakov Born in Uzbekistan Studied journalism in USIndependent media in Central Asia Now teaching in Ithaca, NY
  • 30. rescuetime.com
  • 31. MMMeeja.com
  • 32. Nutritional Information:New York TimesIngredients: International coverage 42%(includes 8% Iraq, 5% Afghanistan, minimumweekly 5% China, and no less than 2%Africa), Washington coverage 28% (includes7% Obama, 6% Congress, and trace amountsof Limbaugh), New York State/Albanycoverage 14%, New York City coverage 10%,and less than 6% domestic US coverage.Warning: contains less than 40% of sportscoverage of the leading competitor, the NewYork Post, and 50% of business coverage ofthe Wall Street Journal. May contain less thanyour recommended daily allowance of LatinAmerica News.
  • 33. Alfred Sirleaf, editor of “The Daily Talk”, ablackboard newspaper in Monrovia, Liberia photo by Erik Hersman watch what you readwatch who your friends read look for bridge figures be a xenophile help us rewire