Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
What happens to the 4 River Civilizations? When civilizations meet.
Indo-Europeans Migrate <ul><li>Groups of nomadic people from the Caucus Mtn. steppes driven from Mesopotamia and Indus Val...
Mesopotamia and Egypt <ul><li>Hittites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Occupy Anatolia (Turkey). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Mesopotamia <ul><li>Minoans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 -1400 BCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete, seafaring. <...
Mesopotamia <ul><li>Phoenicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1100 BCE: Take over from the Minoans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Su...
Indus Valley <ul><li>Aryans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Settle in the Northwest Indus Valley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
China <ul><li>Nothing! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable political...
The Birth of World Religions A metaphor for when civilizations meet.
Proof <ul><li>Given:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions resulted from more sophisticated civilization, trade, and inte...
Hinduism <ul><li>Date of Origin:1200 – 700 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India/Aryan Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Hinduism <ul><li>1600 – 1000 BCE: Aryan invasions. </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1000 BCE: Vedic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pol...
Hinduism <ul><li>1000 – 600 BCE: Epic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poltical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village organiza...
Judaism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 1200 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: Mediterranean, Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Found...
Judaism <ul><li>1200 BCE: The Jews settle in Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Lose and regain independence several times: </li></...
Buddhism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 500 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India    China, East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Buddhism <ul><li>563 BCE: Indian prince named Siddartha Gautama born. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman opposition. </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

What Happened To The 4 River Civilizations

875

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
875
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "What Happened To The 4 River Civilizations"

  1. 1. What happens to the 4 River Civilizations? When civilizations meet.
  2. 2. Indo-Europeans Migrate <ul><li>Groups of nomadic people from the Caucus Mtn. steppes driven from Mesopotamia and Indus Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>Settle in Eastern and Western Europe, India. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? We don’t know. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mesopotamia and Egypt <ul><li>Hittites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Occupy Anatolia (Turkey). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1650 BCE: Hattusas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupy Babylon, struggle with the Egyptians. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chariots – iron ore and lumber </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1190 BCE: Fall. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Minoans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 -1400 BCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived on Crete, seafaring. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate trade (between Asia Minor [Turkey], Europe, and the Middle East). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1470 BCE: Earthquake </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Mesopotamia <ul><li>Phoenicians: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1100 BCE: Take over from the Minoans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superior traders, merchant vessels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect Africa, Europe, and Asia. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Indus Valley <ul><li>Aryans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Settle in the Northwest Indus Valley. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vedas – sacred literature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caste System: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brahmins, warriors, landowners, peasants or traders. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Varna. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1000 BCE: Arrive in India; Magadha. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 BCE: Magadha is modern India. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. China <ul><li>Nothing! </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Geography. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable political, social, and economic landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shang  Zhou lasts until 256 BCE. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Birth of World Religions A metaphor for when civilizations meet.
  9. 9. Proof <ul><li>Given: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions resulted from more sophisticated civilization, trade, and intermingling of the 4 River Civilizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs are non-material culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious icons and edifices are material culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious texts are primary sources. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Then: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World religions can tell us the political, economic, and cultural events, individuals, and ideas from their historical time period. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hinduism <ul><li>Date of Origin:1200 – 700 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India/Aryan Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Founders: Multiple founders. </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: Vedas, Puranas, among others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reincarnation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlightenment is achieved if you are free from earthly desires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom from earthly desires comes from a lifetime of worship, knowledge, and virtuous acts. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Hinduism <ul><li>1600 – 1000 BCE: Aryan invasions. </li></ul><ul><li>1500 – 1000 BCE: Vedic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expand to the Ganges Valley. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sanskrit. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vedas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1028: Rig-Veda. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Hinduism <ul><li>1000 – 600 BCE: Epic Age: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poltical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village organization: Chiefs  patriarch  children. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Villages responsible for defense and regulation. Caste system? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mahabrata, Ramanya, and the Upanishads. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caste system (varnas): Aryans vs. indigenous? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caste system </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Judaism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 1200 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: Mediterranean, Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Founders: Abraham. </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: The Torah. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One god. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People are accountable for their sins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People serve god by studying the Torah and living by its teaching. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Judaism <ul><li>1200 BCE: The Jews settle in Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Lose and regain independence several times: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham – Canaan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moses and Exodus. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>63 BCE: Romans seize the state outright. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Buddhism <ul><li>Date of Origin: 500 BCE. </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Origin: India  China, East Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Founder: Siddharatha Gautama, The Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Book: Perfection of Wisdom Sutra, among others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People achieve nirvana (complete peace and happiness) by eliminating their attachment to worldly things. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nirvana is reached by following the eightfold path: </li></ul></ul>Right livelihood. Right endeavor. Right mindfulness Right meditation. Right views. Right aspiration. Right speech. Right conduct.
  16. 16. Buddhism <ul><li>563 BCE: Indian prince named Siddartha Gautama born. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahman opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism adapts with mysticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread to southeast Asia, Sri Lanka. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian pockets. </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×