Ancient china

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Ancient china

  1. 1. Ancient China
  2. 2. Chronological Context <ul><li>5000 BCE: Farm </li></ul><ul><li>4500 BCE: Millet </li></ul><ul><li>3500 BCE: Soybeans </li></ul><ul><li>2000 BCE: Rice </li></ul><ul><li>1700 – 1027 BCE: Shang Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>1027 – 256 BCE: Zhou Dynasty </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography <ul><li>Yellow River. </li></ul><ul><li>Floods every year to irrigate. </li></ul><ul><li>Completely isolated! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Economic Organization <ul><li>Farming villages. </li></ul><ul><li>River used for travel and trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Clay ovens, pottery. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich vs Poor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities and wooden houses vs. country and caves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weapons, wool, silk vs. nothing. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Political Organization <ul><li>1523 BCE: Shang Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>First cities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Palace and temple at city center. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public buildings and gov’t officials around the palace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outer district – workers and poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Country – peasants. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Social/Cultural Organization <ul><li>Religion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spirits of nature who must be appeased by the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestors influence people’s fortunes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Familial ties. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings receive power from nature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle Bones. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kings – nobles – government officials – workers – farmers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,000 characters = barely literate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10,000 characters = scholarly </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Collapse <ul><li>Conflict between rich and poor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who were the soldiers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1028: Zhou dynasty takes over. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Zhou Dynasty <ul><li>Overthrow the Shang. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate of Heaven. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feudalism. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads, canals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Class: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil servants. </li></ul></ul>

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